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(8) Key roles of the President • Chief of state • Chief executive • Chief administrator • Chief diplomat • Commander in Chief • Chief legislator • Party chief • Chief citizen
Chief of State • The chief of state is the ceremonial head of the government of the United States • He represents all of the American people • President both “reigns” and “rules” • Often, ceremonial heads only “reign”.
Chief Executive • The chief executive is given “the executive Power” of the United States by the Constitution. • Holds a wide range of powers • Deals with both domestic and foreign affairs • Sometimes considered the most powerful office in the world
Chief Administrator • The chief administrator is the leader of the Federal Government • Directs an administration that employs more than 2.7 million civilians (non military personnel)
Chief Diplomat • The chief diplomat is in charge of our foreign policy, meaning how we interact with other countries • Nation’s “chief spokesperson to the rest of the world” • Meets with other leaders to make agreements and solve problems
Commander in Chief • The Commander in Chief is the head of all of the American armed forces—Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard • Considered “civilian control”, meaning the leader of the military is not a professional military officer
Chief Legislator • The chief legislator sets much of the overall congressional agenda • Often initiates, suggests, requests, insists, and demands that Congress enact certain laws
Chief of Party • The chief of party is the head of the party that controls the executive branch of government. • For example, the Democratic party currently controls the executive branch. President Obama is therefore considered the chief of party for the Democrats. • What happens if the President is not liked by his party?
Chief Citizen • The chief citizen is expected to work for and represent the public interest against the many private interests • Expected to be the “representative of all the people”
Presidential Stats (REVIEW) • Must be a “natural born Citizen”—born in the United States • Possible to become President after being born an American citizen abroad, but this has never been tested • Must be at least 35 years old • Must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years
Presidential Stats (REVIEW) Continued… • 4 year terms • 2 term limit • Congress determines the President’s salary • Originally: $25,000 per year • Currently:$400,000 per year • Receives a $50,000 expense allowance per year
MORE Benefits… • Air Force One • White House • Camp David • Secret Service