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White Certificates/Energy Efficiency Obligations. Renewable Energy/CO2 Certificates exist because of Government intervention in the market place – an obligation White Certificates are no different – need an energy efficiency obligation

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white certificates energy efficiency obligations
White Certificates/Energy Efficiency Obligations
  • Renewable Energy/CO2 Certificates exist because of Government intervention in the market place – an obligation
  • White Certificates are no different – need an energy efficiency obligation
  • All significant EU activities with energy utilities & small energy users on energy efficiency are linked to an obligation on some part of the energy utility to save energy in their customers premises
  • Tradable White Certificates are usually taken to represent the final stage i.e. any party (not just obligated party) can obtain (verified) certificate of energy saving
how do energy efficiency obligations work
How do Energy Efficiency Obligations Work?
  • Energy retailer/distributor has obligation to save energy in customers’ premises; target related to “volume” supplied/distributed/residential numbers
  • Projects with large energy users can “afford” to have energy saving measures monitored for actual saving
  • For small energy users – need simple approach to keep M&V costs down – use “approved” measures for which there are well established energy saving values (deemed or ex ante savings);
  • Monitoring and verification then is a “measure count” + random “dip check”
carbon emissions reduction target cert
Carbon Emissions Reduction Target (CERT)
  • Running for over 2 years and will run till end 2012
  • Expected energy retailer spend ~€900M per year
  • Measures installed in 2nd year of CERT:
  • 576 k Cavity wall insulation jobs (professional)
  • 701k loft/attic insulation jobs (professional)
  • ~500 k DIY loft/attic insulations
  • 21k solid wall
  • 23k fuel switching (mainly to gas central heating)
  • 80,000k CFLs
  • 1.5k heat pumps
  • Previous phase saved electricity at a cost of 2.1 p/kWh to “UK plc” and gas at 0.6 p/kWh – both less than a quarter of price to householders