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ITU Activities on Digital Migration. Digital Migration & Spectrum Policy Summit 29 November 2011, Nairobi, Kenya. Kim Kikwon Senior Engineer/BDT, ITU. Table of Contents. Ⅰ. Why the Migration Issues?. Ⅱ. ITU Activities. Ⅲ. Projects on Digital Migration. Ⅳ. ITU Future Plan.

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Presentation Transcript
ITU Activities on Digital Migration

Digital Migration & Spectrum Policy Summit

29 November 2011, Nairobi, Kenya

Kim Kikwon

Senior Engineer/BDT, ITU

Table of Contents

Ⅰ. Why the Migration Issues?

Ⅱ. ITU Activities

Ⅲ. Projects on Digital Migration

Ⅳ. ITU Future Plan

Ⅴ. Conclusions


why digital migration issues
Why Digital Migration Issues?
  • High Cost and Long Term
  • Over the last 10 years, broadcasting has been experiencing a revolution through the influence of digitization
  • Transition from A to D takes at least a few years, costs so much and has the immense influence on society, economy and industries
  • It is essential for each country to make a project plan (roadmap) of the migration
  • However, there is a big difference in the digital broadcasting transition process among countries
Digital Dividend
  • The released spectrum after the analogue services switch-off
  • Digital Dividend could be used for:

- Digital Terrestrial TV and MTV

- Improving the coverage of digital TV

transmissions, - Wireless broadband services

- Enhancing sound and picture qualify,

in particular HDTV

  • Immense economic potential : 150-200 Billion Euro (European Commission estimation)
Key issues to Digital Transition

Policy and Regulatory :

- Licensing, Network Operators

- Public TV services, Commercial TVs

- Analogue Switch off (ASO), etc.

Economical :

- Introduction of new business model

- Transition costs, subsidizing vulnerable people

Technical :

- Standards ( DVB, ISDB, ATSC )

- Compression technique (MPEC2/MPEG4)

- Spectrum availability ,Coverage areas


ge 06 agreement for 120 countries in europe africa
GE-06 Agreement : for 120 countries in Europe + Africa
  • The Geneva plan(GE-06)

is an all-digital plan for

use of the band 3 and

4,5 after the Analogue

TV Switch-off.

  • GE-06 makes clear that

analogue TV services in UHF Band 4,5 will not be

protected against interference after 17 June 2015.

ITU Activities
  • Assist developing countries in transiting to digital broadcasting

- provide consulting of broadcasting

infrastructure development

- develop reports and guidelines

- Provide training

  • Close cooperation with international and regional broadcasting organizations (WBU, ABU, AIBD, EBU)

- regular workshops and seminars

ITU Outputs
  • Spectrum allocation (WRC/RRC)
  • Wave Propagation recommendation
  • REPORT ITU-R BT.2140 :Transition from analogue to digital Terrestrial broadcasting
  • ITU-D Question 11-2/2

“Examination of terrestrial digital broadcasting technologies…”

  • ITU-D SG 2’s Report on question 9-2/2

“Identification of study topics in the ITU-T and ITU-D study groups which are of particular interest to developing countries

Spectrum Management Guideline
  • Handbook and recommendation : Spectrum management, Computer Aided Techniques for Spectrum Management, Spectrum Monitoring
  • SMS4DC
  • Purpose: to assist developing countries in efficiently managing their radio spectrum
  • Features: Engineering and administrative applications, Results on Google Earth, linkage with monitoring system
  • Annual License fee: CHF 4,630(1 Workstation)

Member State Admin & Sector Member : -15%

Admin of Least Developing Countries : -80%

The Number of license country : over 50

Digital Broadcasting

Roadmap Project in Africa

introduction of the project in africa
Introduction of the Project in Africa
  • The objective of the project
  • To assist the African countries in making their own roadmap to shift smoothly from analogue to DTTB and to introduce MTV
  • 1st Phase of the project
  • Period : January – July 2008
  • Survey on broadcasting & transition situation in Africa
  • 2nd Phase of the project
  • Period : November 2008 - October 2009
  • Guidelines were developed for assisting the transition

- Questionnaires has been sent to all African countries,

23 countries responded, 3 beneficiary countries(Mali,

Ethiopia and Angola) have been selected

3rd Phase of the roadmap project
  • Period : January 2010 – February 2012
  • Roadmaps were customized for selected countries based on developed guidelines

- Roadmaps of Digital Broadcasting for Angola,

Ethiopia and Mali were completed

  • Launched Integrated Workshop

- Deliver and share the three countries cases and the

roadmaps to the other countries in Africa

  • Feed back the process and results of migration in 3 pilot countries
Survey conducted to assess the current

situation on digital broadcasting

- Questionnaires has been sent to 38 countries,

22 responded, 5 beneficiary countries (Cambodia,

Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Tonga) selected

Adaptation of the guidelines : Guidelines

customized for Asia Pacific

Development of roadmap for the selected

beneficiary countries : December 2011

Integrated workshop : Sharing the roadmaps

and Case studies, training the local experts

(March 2012)

Roadmap project in ASP


Guidelines designed to provide Information and recommendations on policy, regulation, technologies, network planning, customer awareness and business planning

For free download at



Functional layer of the Guideline

A. Policy and regulation

B. Analogue switch-off (ASO)

C. Market and business development

D. DTTB & MTV networks

E. Roadmap development

⇒ Each layer has 3 to 13 functional

building blocks.



  • Functional

Building Blocks

under each layer


ITU Future Plan

for Assistance of the Migration

future plan
Future plan
  • Survey regularly on digital broadcasting migration
  • Develop broadcasting policy toolkit
  • Develop training material and provide on-line training
  • Develop portal site to provide all relevant information on the migration
  • Cooperate actively with other international and regional organizations for assisting the Digital Migration
  • At first, this roadmap project focus on the African region, the outputs, knowledge and experience of it will be used in other regions widely e.g. in ASP
  • Especially the guidelines are a good reference for all countries which need to develop their own roadmaps
  • ITU is also making its efforts to develop this kind of roadmap project in other regions
Digital Migration is a complex process

•Every country should be ready to handle the complicity

Successful Migration requires

• Strong leadership of government

• Firm decision of analogue TV switch-off date

• Close cooperation of Regulator and market parties

• Clear and timely regulatory framework

• Adequate information and assistance to viewers

Explore the potential of the Digital