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HY 303 - Warfare and Modern Society Wayne E. Sirmon, M.A.Ed. History Department PowerPoint Presentation
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The Arsenal of Democracy Logistics During World War Two. HY 303 - Warfare and Modern Society Wayne E. Sirmon, M.A.Ed. History Department University of South Alabama. The Arsenal of Democracy Logistics During World War Two. Material & design, development, acquisition

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slide1

The Arsenal of Democracy

Logistics During World War Two

HY 303 - Warfare and Modern Society

Wayne E. Sirmon, M.A.Ed.

History Department

University of South Alabama

slide2

The Arsenal of Democracy

Logistics During World War Two

Material& design, development, acquisition

Supplies storage, distribution, maintenance, evacuation

Personnel movement, evacuation, hospitalization

Facilities construction, maintenance, operation

Services acquisition, furnishing

slide4

Combat vs. Support

“Tooth to Tail” percentage of Army assigned to service units (excluding Air Corps)

End of WWI 34%

1939 11%

1941 33%

1943 52%

1945 53%

slide6

Mobile’s War Effort

29

30

20

102

1

Minesweepers

C-2 Cargo Ships

Liberty Ships

T-2 Tankers

Landing Ship Dock

USS Fort Marion (LSD-22)

Launched, 22 May 1945, at Gulf Shipbuilding Corp, Chickasaw, AL

slide7

Mobile’s War Effort

29

30

20

102

1

Minesweepers

C-2 Cargo Ships

Liberty Ships

T-2 Tankers

Landing Ship Dock

SS J.L.M. Curry (hull #1)

Delivered 15 May 1942

11 kts. 9,140 tons of cargo

slide9

Naval Construction

* Canada

** Canada & Commonwealth

slide11

Women’s Uniforms

Why men should not go shopping

WAAC

- failed to make models for different sizes

- use men’s wear manufacturers

- design flaws: padded shoulders, flat chested, skirts narrow in hips, color of skirts and jackets mis-matched

- low-heeled oxfords, men’s shirts and neckties give an unfeminine appearance

Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps

slide12

Women’s Uniforms

Why men should not go shopping

WAVES

-designed by a well known women’s fashion designer and contracted with women’s fashion industry

- WAVES revolt over hose: CNO impressed with WRNS in black stockings. American women objected to daytime wear

- relented when told that dye was also used to make gunpowder

Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service

slide13

The Real Purpose of D-Day

The direct military objective of Overlord was neither strategic not tactical, but logistical. The primary objective of the plan read: “To secure a lodgement on the continent from which further offensive operations can be developed.”

Manufacture

Global Delivery

Tactical Supply

slide14

Moving supplies to the front

Manufacture

Global Delivery

Tactical Supply

"My men can eat their belts," he [Patton] was overhead telling Ike at a meeting on 2 September, "but my tanks gotta have gas.“

slide15

Moving supplies to the front

Red Ball Express

6,000 Trucks

412,000 tons of supplies between Aug 25-Nov 16 1944

3rd Army averaged using 380,000 gallons of gasoline per day.

By Nov. the Red Ball consumed 300,000 gallons/day

slide16

Repair or Replace

3rd Armored Division

232 Sherman medium tanks

Gas mileage 1mpg on road .5 mpg cross-country

In 10 months of combat 648 Sherman tanks were totally destroyed.

1,100 need repair (700 combat related)