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Warm Up L43. Be sure to skip a page before L43 for you Goal 3 5-5-5 What do you think about benchmark tests? Is there any merit in comparing students from across the county? Across the state?.

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Warm up l43
Warm Up L43

  • Be sure to skip a page before L43 for you Goal 3 5-5-5

  • What do you think about benchmark tests? Is there any merit in comparing students from across the county? Across the state?

Goal 3 Vocabulary and ConceptsPage R44 define all of the wordsBottom of L43 draw the definition for 7 words

  • Radical Republicans

  • Compromise of 1877

  • Scalawags

  • Nativism

  • Abolitionist

  • Reconstruction

  • Impeachment

  • Compromise of 1850

  • Secession

  • Anaconda Plan

  • Popular Sovereignty

  • Confederacy



October 0 3 201 1 goal 3 01 notes

October 03, 2011Goal 3.01 Notes

Trace the economic, social, and political events from the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War.

The disagreements begin
The Disagreements Begin

  • California applies to be a state very quickly, no slavery in state constitution

  • N – will vote for their statehood

    S – will not vote for their statehood

  • Henry Clay develops the Compromise of 1850 to settle the issue

The compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850

  • California to be a free state

  • more effective fugitive slave law

  • popular sovereignty—residents of territory vote to decide slavery

  • government to pay Texas $10 million for its claim to eastern NM

  • slave trade banned in D.C. but slavery permitted

Protest to fugitive slave law
Protest to Fugitive Slave Law

  • People like Harriet Tubman develop the Underground Railroad

  • Harriet Beecher Stowe writes Uncle Tom’s Cabin – makes it personal not just political

  • North passes Personal liberty laws – illegal to jail a slave, allow jury trials

Excerpt from uncle tom s cabin
Excerpt from Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  • If it were your Harry, mother, or your Willie that were going to be torn from you by a brutal trader, tomorrow morning, - if you had seen the man, and heard that the papers were signed and delivered, and you had only from 12 o’clock ‘till morning to make your good escape, - how fast could you walk? How many miles could you make in those brief few hours, with the darling at your bosom the little sleepy head on your shoulder, - the small soft arms trustingly holding onto your neck?

  • Pg 56 & 57, Stowe

Reading of letter
Reading of Letter

  • Letter to William Lloyd Garrison describing a slave’s runaway journey.

Processing l45
Processing L45

  • Create illustrations to accompany the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

  • Create at least 3 drawings that depict a slave or slaveholder in different situations.

  • Provide a caption for each

  • Use 5 colors.

Warm up l47
Warm-Up L47

  • Tell me about a time that you witnessed an event that can be interpreted in multiple ways. Why would people have different views on the same event?

  • (Hint: A ref making a call at a sports game. Home team vs. Away team)

October 04 2011 goal 3 01 notes day 2
October 04, 2011Goal 3.01 Notes Day 2

  • Trace the economic, social, and political events from the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War.

Popular sovereignty
Popular Sovereignty

  • Stephan Douglas wants Southern vote, does not think slavery can exist out W with the type of geography

  • Comes up with pop sov – people of the territory vote to decide

  • Kansas Nebraska Act – vote in these 2 states

Bleeding kansas
Bleeding Kansas

  • People come from both the N and S to settle the area – pro and anti slavery

  • Kansas has their vote – people cross into Kansas to vote illegally

  • Major fighting between the 2 groups – both claim to have won

  • John Brown comes and kills 5 men

  • Riots occur in all of Kansas

Violence in the senate
Violence in the Senate

  • Charles Sumner attacks South Carolina and several senators personally

  • One of the nephews (Brooks) comes and attacks Sumner with a cane

  • Both sides interpret the incident differently

Republican party is born
Republican Party is Born

  • Whigs are split over slavery issue

  • Free Soil Party develops – not all abolitionists

  • Whigs, Free Soil, and Dems form the Republican Party – oppose spread of slavery

Dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision

  • Dred Scott, slave who had lived in free areas sues for freedom

  • 1857, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney hands down decision

  • slaves do not have rights of citizens

  • no claim to freedom, suit begun in slave state

  • Congress cannot forbid slavery in territories

Harper s ferry
Harper’s Ferry

  • John Brown plans to start a slave uprising, needs weapons

  • leads band to federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry to get arms

  • U.S. Marines put down rebellion, capture Brown

  • Brown is hanged for high treason

  • Many Northerners admire Brown; Southerners fear future uprisings

Processing bottom l47
Processing: Bottom L47

  • Letter to the Editor – Scott V. Sanford

    • State your position on the decision of the case

    • Predict what will happen based on the outcome of this case

    • 3 paragraphs

    • Include 3 facts from the case


Tell me about a time when you had an opinion on something but no one was listening to you. How did that make you feel? What did you do about it?

October 5th
October 5th

  • Benchmark Test

3 02 notes october 6 201 1

3.02 Notes – October 6, 2011

The learner will analyze the issues that led to the Civil War, the effects of the war, and the impact of Reconstruction on the nation.

Lincoln douglas debates
Lincoln Douglas Debates

  • Lincoln challenges Stephan Douglas to debates for Senate seat

  • Douglas - popular sovereignty will undo slavery

  • Lincoln - legislation to stop spread of slavery

  • Douglas’s Freeport Doctrine — elect leaders who do not enforce slavery

Election of 1860
Election of 1860

  • Abraham Lincoln runs for the Republican nomination –

    • South feels threatened by Lincoln

    • tells the South he will not mess with slavery

  • Democrats split over slavery

  • Lincoln wins with less than half of popular vote

  • Gets no Southern electoral votes


Shaping the confederacy
Shaping the Confederacy

  • South Carolina and 6 other states secede:

    - want complete independence from federal control

    - fear end to their way of life

    - want to preserve slave labor system

  • Feb. 1861 Confederate States of America forms (Confederacy)

  • Confederacy permits slavery, recognizes each state’s sovereignty

  • Former senator Jefferson Davis unanimously elected president


The calm before the storm
The Calm Before the Storm

  • Buchanan calls secession illegal, says also illegal to stop it

  • Mass resignations from government in Washington, D.C.


Processing activity l49
Processing Activity L49

  • Create a poster from a border state recruiting people to join your side of the war.

    • Slogan for your side

    • 3 colors

    • Picture

    • 2 causes for your side (Historical events that your side is upset about)

    • (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, West Virginia)

Warm up l51
Warm-Up L51


3 03 notes october 0 7 20 11

3.03 Notes – October 07, 2011

Identify political and military turning points of the Civil War and assess their significance to the outcome of the conflict.

The storm begins
The Storm Begins

  • Fort Sumter - Union outpost in Charleston harbor, Conf demand surrender

  • Reinforcing fort by force would lead rest of slave states to secede

  • Evacuating fort would legitimize Conf, endanger Union


First shots of the war
First Shots of the War

  • Lincoln does not reinforce or evacuate, just sends food

  • Jefferson Davis chooses to turn peaceful secession into war

  • fires on Sumter April 12, 1861, VA and other states secede



  • Union advantages: soldiers, factories, food, railroads

  • Confederate advantages: cotton profits, generals, motivation

  • Anaconda plan:Union strategy to conquer South

    - blockade Southern ports

    - divide Confederacy in two in west at Mispi River

    - capture Richmond, Confederate capital

  • Confederate strategy: defense, invade North if opportunity arises


Processing activity bottom l51
Processing Activity bottom L51

  • Divide the bottom of L51 into 2 sides,

  • Label 1 side North the other side South

    • Visually represent each side’s advantages

    • 5 colors

    • Draw sides facing each other to show impending war



3 03 notes october 10 201 1

3.03 Notes – October 10, 2011

Identify political and military turning points of the Civil War and assess their significance to the outcome of the conflict.

Beginning battles
Beginning Battles

  • George McClellan-General in the East- N

  • Ulysses S Grant-General in the West – N

  • Robert E. Lee- Head General for South (in Virginia)

  • Thomas J. Jackson called Stonewall Jackson (S) for firm stand in battle, Lee’s 2nd in command.

  • Bull Run—first battle, near Washington; Confederate victory (surprising to North)


Robert E Lee

Ulysses S Grant

Beginning battles1
Beginning Battles

  • March1862, Confederate troops surprise Union soldiers at Shiloh (Tennessee)

  • Grant counterattacks; Confederates retreat; thousands dead, wounded, Grant gains favor.

  • Shiloh teaches Confederacy vulnerable in West


New weapons
New Weapons

  • Rifles more accurate, faster loading, fire more rounds than muskets

  • Minié ball (more destructive bullet), grenades, land mines are used

  • Fighting from trenches, barricades new advantage in infantry attacks


Monitor v merrimack
Monitor V. Merrimack

  • New ironclad ships instrumental in victories of the North

  • Ironclads splinter wooden ships, withstand cannon, resist burning

  • March 1862, North’s Monitor, South’s Merrimack fight to a draw


Processing l53
Processing L53

  • Wikisticks.

  • In partners create 5 wikicreations that represent concepts from Goal 3. Any concept we have covered is acceptable. Be ready to answer questions about what you’ve made.

Warm up l55 10 11 11
Warm Up L55 10-11-11

Tell me about the biggest news story of your lifetime. How did you hear about it? What do you remember about it? How did it make you feel?


  • Use the Red Book to fill out the Reading Guide

Processing l55

Processing L55

Letter Home from a Soldier

Pick one battle

Write a letter home to family/girlfriend explaining your experience

3 paragraphs

5 facts

Warm up l57 10 12 11
Warm Up L57 10-12-11


3 04 notes october 1 2 20 11

3.04 Notes– October 12, 2011

Analyze the effects of Reconstruction

Think about it
Think About It…

Tell me about a time when you had a fight with a friend. How did it end? Was it easy to forgive them? How did they earn your trust back?

The end of the war
The End of the War

  • After winning at Gettysburg the N started winning battles

  • Emancipation Proclamation -

  • Sherman’s march to the sea destroyed S morale – total war

  • Lincoln is reelected in 1864

  • The Confederacy realizes it is defeated

  • General Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court house to the North


Immediate aftermath
Immediate Aftermath

  • 1865, Thirteenth Amendment abolishes slavery in all states

  • Some soldiers stay in army; others become civilians; many go west

  • Clara Barton helps found American Red Cross in 1881

  • April 14, 1865, Lincoln is shot at Ford’s Theatre

  • Assassin John Wilkes Booth escapes, trapped by Union cavalry, shot

  • 7 million people pay respects to Lincoln’s funeral train


Lincoln s reconstruction
Lincoln’s Reconstruction

  • period of rebuilding after Civil War, 1865–1877

  • Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction calls for 10% allegiance


L57 obituary
L57 - Obituary

  • Write an obituary for one of the most beloved Presidents of all time

    • 5 facts about his life and Presidency

    • 3 paragraphs

    • Picture

Warm up l59
Warm Up L59

  • What can a picture show that words cannot?

R60 picture analysis
R60 – Picture Analysis

  • What do you see – list

  • Who is in the picture

  • When do you think it was taken

  • Where do you think it was taken

  • Why did the photographer choose to take the picture?

Processing l59
Processing L59

  • Poem

    • 9 line poem

    • 3 facts from the war



3 04 notes october 1 7 201 1

3.04 Notes– October 17, 2011

Analyze the effects of Reconstruction

Think about it1
Think About It…

  • What is it going to take for the North and South to get back together again?

Radical reconstruction
Radical Reconstruction

  • Radical Republicans led by Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens

    - want to destroy power of former slaveholders

    - give full citizenship, suffrage to African Americans – Civil Rights Bill of 1866

  • 1864 Wade-Davis Bill makes Congress responsible for Reconstruction – more than half pledge allegiance

  • Lincoln uses pocket veto to kill Wade-Davis; Radicals outraged


Johnson s reconstruction
Johnson’s Reconstruction

  • President Andrew Johnson proposes own Presidential Reconstruction:

  • states must have 10% swear allegiance, annul war debts, ratify 13th Amendment

  • does not address voting rights, land, laws for former slaves

  • States that had not applied under Lincoln agree to Johnson’s terms

  • some states do not fully comply


Reconstructions slows
Reconstructions Slows

  • Radical Republicans in Congress refuse new Southern legislators

  • Congress enlarges Freedmen’s Bureau—helps former slaves, poor whites

  • gives social services, medical care, education


Tuesday 10 18 11
Tuesday 10-18-11

  • Working in the lab/computer on Webquest



October 19 201 1 3 04 notes continued

October 19, 20113.04 Notes Continued

Analyze the effects of Reconstruction

Civil rights act of 1866
Civil Rights Act of 1866

  • Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1866:

    - grants citizenship to African Americans

    - forbids black codes or discriminatory laws

  • Black codes restore many restrictions of slavery

  • Whites use violence to prevent blacks from improving their lives

  • Johnson vetoes Freedmen’s Bureau and Civil Rights Act


President v congress
President V. Congress

  • Fourteenth Amendment—makes African Americans full citizens

  • Most Southern states reject amendment; not ratified until 1868

  • 1867 Reconstruction Act doesn’t recognize most new state governments

    - divides South into military districts

    - sets new conditions for reentry in Union

  • Johnson believes act unconstitutional, vetoes; Congress overrides


Johnson impeached
Johnson Impeached

  • Radicals seek to impeach—formally charge with misconduct in office

  • Johnson fires Stanton—test constitutionality of Tenure of Office Act

  • House Radicals impeach Johnson; Senate does not convict


Grant is elected
Grant is Elected

  • 1868, Grant wins presidency with help of African-American vote

  • Fifteenth Amendment— gives voting rights to all, regardless of color

  • South does not enforce 14th, 15th Amendments

  • White Southerners use violence to prevent blacks from voting

  • Enforcement Act of 1870—federal government can punish violators


L63 processing newspaper
L63 Processing - Newspaper

  • Newspaper article should be focused on the impeachment of Andrew Johnson.

  • Include a title for the Article.

  • Newspaper article must be 3 paragraphs

  • Paragraphs must include 5 facts.

  • Newspaper should pick a side of the issue…either for his impeachment or against it.

Thursday 10 20 11
Thursday 10-20-11

  • Working on Projects

Friday 10 21 11
Friday 10-21-11

  • Working on Projects



October 24 2010 3 05 notes

October 24, 20103.05 Notes

Analyze the political, economic, and social impact of Reconstruction on the nation

and identify the reasons why Reconstruction came to an end.

Think about it2

Think About It…

How are free blacks now going to become productive members of society? What challenges are these people going to have to overcome?

Social reconstruction
Social Reconstruction

  • The South is destroyed – 1/5 of all white men are dead, buildings and farms gone

  • Democrats call Southern white Republicans scalawags - small farmers, want better economic position

  • Carpetbaggers—Northerners who moved to South after war


Reconstruction south
Reconstruction South

  • Ku Klux Klan (KKK)—Confederate veterans group that turns terrorist - Grows rapidly; aims to restore white supremacy

  • Jim Crow laws – required racial segregation

  • Grandfather clause – required family history of voting

  • Solid South – everyone in the South votes Democrat

  • Republican scandal involving embezzlement of whiskey taxes – the Whiskey Ring – Rep lose votes


African american experience
African American Experience

  • Hiram Revels is first black senator

  • Blacks focus on building up their community, not total integration

  • Landless African Americans sign labor contracts with planters

  • Sharecropping—owner gives land, seed, tools for part of crops

  • Tenant farming—rent land from owner; buy own tools


Election of 1876
Election of 1876

  • Reps nominate Rutherford B. Hayes, not Grant

  • Dems choose Samuel J. Tilden

  • Tilden wins popular vote, 1 shy of electoral; 20 electoral votes disputed

  • Compromise of 1877—Hayes gets presidency, Democrats get:

    - federal troops leave LA, SC

    - funding for Southern railroad, waterways

    - conservative Southerner in cabinet

    Compromise means end of Reconstruction


Legacy of reconstruction
Legacy of Reconstruction

  • After Hayes removes federal troops, Dems take over states - Home rule—running state government without federal intervention

  • Reps fail to protect rights they gave to former slaves

  • Do not give blacks land blocks which would give economic independence – 40 acres and a mule

  • African-American schools, civic groups increase literacy, opportunity


L65 process
L65 - Process

  • Create a handbook for new African American voters

    • What would a man need to learn about voting?

    • Include the requirements to vote, where to vote, when to vote, how to become informed on the candidates

    • Remember – many African Americans could not read – include pictures to get your point across!

L67 warm up 10 25 11
L67 – Warm Up 10-25-11

  • What has been the most interesting part of the Civil War to you?

  • Causes, battles, reconstruction, etc.?

R68 information
R68 - Information

  • Review Sheet for Goal 3

  • Go back and highlight in your notes the items on the review sheet

  • These are the items that you need to study for your test on Monday


  • Practice questions Goal 3. Use group to complete without talking. Page 82 questions 1-15 write the topic of the question and the letter of the answer

Processing l69
Processing L69

  • Create a fold over study guide and add at least10 terms from yesterday’s paper you feel are the hardest and study them