FDR and The New Deal - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FDR and The New Deal
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FDR and The New Deal

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Do Now- Describe what is going on in this picture. What is the cartoonist’s message? How does the cartoonist see FDR? Do you agree with his portrayal? Why? (7 Sentences)

  2. I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people FDR and The New Deal

  3. Background of FDR • Served in the Navy Department- Very well connected (A distant cousin of Teddy Roosevelt) • 1920- Vice Presidential Candidate for the Democrats • 1921- Got Polio and lost the use of his legs • 1928- Gets elected governor of New York

  4. FDR as NY Governor • Enacted many relief programs during the depression • Cut taxes for farmer • Set up a new agency to help workers and distribute relief money • Was seen as someone with energy and optimism during the depression- very charismatic

  5. FDR Party Acceptance Speech • The appearance before a National Convention of its nominee for President is unprecedented and unusual, but these are unprecedented and unusual times. Let it also be symbolic that in so doing I broke traditions. Let it be from now on the task of our Party to break foolish traditions. It is inevitable that the main issue of this campaign should revolve about a depression so deep that it is without precedent. Republican leaders not only have failed in material things, they have failed in national vision, because in disaster they have held out no hope. I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people

  6. FDR in the Election • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RV2jCJRkJSA • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_8eECG4DgvE • There were no pictures of him from the waist down during the election • No one knew he was crippled • 1932 Election • FDR- 472 Votes • Hoover- 59 Votes

  7. It’s a wonderful life??? • The Bank Run

  8. The Beginning of the New Deal • The 100 Days- numerous bills that were proposed and passed by FDR • 1st Bill- Banking Holiday • Closed Banks until they could prove they were stable • People couldn’t pull money out of banks • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) • Insured Deposits up to 5,000

  9. Fireside Chats • Fireside Chats- Weekly radio and TV messages FGR gave to the nation to encourage them and inspire hope during the depression • Was this a propaganda tool?

  10. FDR’s 3 R’s • Relief – Give people a paycheck • Recovery –Help the economy bounce back from depression • Reform – Designed to make sure the depression would never happen again (FDIC and Banking Holiday)

  11. Relief • Works Progress Administration (WPA) • Built bridges, roads and buildings • Civilian Conservation Core (CCC) • Designed for young men (19-25) • Planted trees and did soil conservation • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) • Built dams to create hydroelectricity- gave people electricity who didn’t have it

  12. Recovery • National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) • Re- organized Businesses • People encouraged to buy from these businesses • Agricultural Adjustments Act (AAA) • Regulate farming- The government decided how much food could be grown • Farmers we actually paid not to grow/sell food

  13. Court Packing Bill • Some of FDR’s Programs were called unconstitutional by the Supreme Court- meant they had to be dissolved (ex: AAA) • Court Packing Bill- When a judge reaches 70, if they choose not to retire the president can appoint a new judge- Would have put in 5 new supreme court justices • Didn't pass- bad PR for FDR