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Roman Emperors. Part II. The Year of 4 Emperors (68 A.D.). 4 Emperors fight for Rome You don’t need to know them but just FYI (Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian) Vespasian Wins Builds Coliseum Titus Inaugurates Coliseum Vesuvius Erupts. 5 Good Emperors. Why good?

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the year of 4 emperors 68 a d
The Year of 4 Emperors (68 A.D.)
  • 4 Emperors fight for Rome
    • You don’t need to know them but just FYI (Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian)
  • Vespasian Wins
    • Builds Coliseum
  • Titus
    • Inaugurates Coliseum
    • Vesuvius Erupts
5 good emperors
5 Good Emperors
  • Why good?
  • 1) Improved ability to govern
  • 2) Succession without Civil War
  • 3) All decent men (no Caligula’s or Nero’s)
nerva 96 a d 98 a d
Nerva (96 A.D. – 98 A.D.)
  • What you need to know about Nerva
trajan 98 a d 117 a d
Trajan (98 A.D. – 117 A.D.)
  • Expands Empire to greatest extent
  • Wipes out

all Dacia

(Romania)

  • Trajan’s Column
hadrian 117 a d 138 a d
Hadrian (117 A.D. – 138 A.D.)
  • First Emperor to have a beard (facial hair becomes fashion)
  • Strengthens Rome’s holdings
    • Hadrian’s Wall (across Scotland and England – it’s still there)
marcus aurelius 161 a d 180 a d
Marcus Aurelius (161 A.D. – 180 A.D.)
  • Philosopher-King
  • Plague sweeps empire (20-40% of empire dies)
  • Population problems
  • Barbarian invasions
  • Has son named…
commodus
Commodus
  • NOT one of the good emperors (Marcus Aurelius is the last of the good emperors)
  • Gladiator (story is false)
  • Commodus did not murder his father
  • Rome begins decline

Real Commodus

Not Real Commodus

other notables and not so much
Other notables and not so much…
  • Pertinax (193 A.D.)
  • Praetorian Guard names him Emperor
  • Doesn’t pay them so they kill him and auction off the Empire
  • Bought by…
didius iulianus
Didius Iulianus
  • Emperor until the end of the year when…
  • Septimius Severus rules
    • 1st Emperor from Africa (Rome becoming less Roman)
  • Severus Alexander (225 A.D. – 235 A.D.)
    • Began giving citizenship away – didn’t have to work to get it
    • Rome becomes less important, no loyalty
  • Finally, the coolest name of all…
pupienus
Pupienus
  • He didn’t do anything