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IFAD S L Workshop. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. It’s ONE WAY of “organising” the complex issues surrounding POVERTY It’s NOT the ONLY WAY It needs to be : Modified Adapted Made appropriate to local circumstances Made appropriate to local priorities. Slide 1.

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the sustainable livelihoods framework

IFAD SL Workshop

The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
  • It’s ONE WAY of “organising” the complex issues surrounding POVERTY
  • It’s NOT the ONLY WAY
  • Itneeds to be:
    • Modified
    • Adapted
    • Made appropriate to local circumstances
    • Made appropriate to local priorities

Slide 1

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

livelihoods assets

IFAD SL Workshop

Livelihoods assets

Human Capital

Social

Capital

Natural

Capital

The Poor

Physical

Capital

Financial

Capital

Slide 2

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

human capital

IFAD SL Workshop

Human Capital
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Education
  • Knowledge and skills
  • Capacity to work
  • Capacity to adapt

Slide 3

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

natural capital

IFAD SL Workshop

Natural Capital
  • Wild foods & fibres
  • Biodiversity
  • Environmental services
  • Land and produce
  • Water & aquatic resources
  • Trees and forest products
  • Wildlife

Slide 4

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

social capital

IFAD SL Workshop

Social Capital
  • Networks and connections
    • patronage
    • neighbourhoods
    • kinship
  • Relations of trust and mutual support
  • Formal and informal groups
  • Common rules and sanctions
  • Collective representation
  • Mechanisms for participation in decision-making
  • Leadership

Slide 5

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

physical capital

IFAD SL Workshop

Physical Capital
  • Infrastructure
    • transport - roads, vehicles, etc.
    • secure shelter & buildings
    • water supply & sanitation
    • energy
    • communications
  • Tools and techology
    • tools and equipment for production
    • seed, fertiliser, pesticides
    • traditional technology

Slide 6

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

financial capital

IFAD SL Workshop

Financial Capital
  • Savings
  • Credit/debt - formal, informal, NGOs
  • Remittances
  • Pensions
  • Wages

Slide 7

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

the asset mix

IFAD SL Workshop

The Asset Mix
  • Different households with different access to livelihood “assets”
  • Livelihoods affected by:
    • diversityof assets
    • amount of assets
    • balance between assets

Slide 8

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

slide9

IFAD SL Workshop

Human Capital

Social

Capital

Natural

Capital

Physical

Capital

Financial

Capital

  • Human capital
  • labour capacity
  • no education
  • limited skills
  • Natural capital
  • landless
  • access to common property resources
  • Financial capital
  • low wages
  • no access to credit
  • Physical capital
  • poor water supply
  • poor housing
  • poor communications
  • Social capital
  • low social status
  • descrimination against women
  • strong links with family & friends
  • traditions of reciprocal exchange
  • = an extremely reduced “livelihood
  • pentagon”
So……..

Landless

female

agricultural

labourer

Slide 9

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

vulnerability context

IFAD SL Workshop

“Vulnerability” Context
  • Shocks
    • Floods, droughts, cyclones
    • Deaths in the family
    • Violence or civil unrest
  • Seasonality
  • Trends and changes
    • Population
    • Environmental change
    • Technology
    • Markets and trade
    • Globalisation

Slide 10

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

slide11

IFAD SL Workshop

H

N

S

The Poor

P

F

“Vulnerability” Context

Vulnerability

Context

Shocks

Seasonality

Trends

Changes

Slide 11

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

policies institutions processes

IFAD SL Workshop

Policies, Institutions & Processes
  • of government
  • of different LEVELS of government
  • of NGOs
  • of interational bodies
  • Policies
  • Institutions
  • political, legislative & representative bodies
  • executive agencies
  • judicial bodies
  • civil society & membership organisations
  • NGOs
  • law, money
  • political parties
  • commercial enterprises & corporations
  • Processes
  • the “rules of the game”
  • decision-making processes
  • social norms & customs
  • gender, caste, class
  • language

Slide 12

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

slide13

IFAD SL Workshop

H

Vulnerability

Context

Shocks

Seasonality

Trends

Changes

N

S

influence

The Poor

P

F

Policies, Institutions & Processes

Policies

Institutions

Processes

Slide 13

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

livelihood strategies

IFAD SL Workshop

Livelihood Strategies

Combining:

  • the assets they can access

Taking account of:

  • the vulnerability context

Supported or obstructed by:

  • policies, institutions and processes.

………..………..leading to

Slide 14

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

livelihood outcomes

IFAD SL Workshop

Livelihood Outcomes

Poverty - a “poor” livelihood outcome:

  • based on a fragile or unbalanced set of livelihood assets
  • unable to sustain to shocks, changes or trends
  • not supported, or actively obstructed by policies, institutions and processes that do not allow assets to be used as they might
  • livehood options combined in a “bad” or unsustainable strategy

Slide 15

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

the sustainable livelihoods framework16

IFAD SL Workshop

H

N

S

Livelihood

Outcomes

The Poor

influence

P

F

The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework

Vulnerability

Context

Shocks

Seasonality

Trends

Changes

Policies

Institutions

Processes

Livelihood

Strategies

Slide 16

Sustainable Livelihoods Framework