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Managing mental and emotional health Unit 2 - Lesson 1. Mrs. Lord 8 th grade health class . This unit will help you learn how people experience and cope with emotions. We will discuss the effects of physical health on mental and emotional health.

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Presentation Transcript
This unit will help you learn how people experience and cope with emotions.

We will discuss the effects of physical health on mental and emotional health.

You will learn ways to express and communicate emotions

This section will also introduce mental illnesses and how they differ from one another.

By the end you will be able to understand the difference between sadness and depression & ways in which they can be helped.

please read and answer
Please read and answer
  • Question 1
  • Which of the following statements about emotions is false
    • A – A person can not control emotions
    • B- Emotions are produced by the brain
    • C- Having a wide range of emotions is healthy.
    • D- Most teens have healthy emotional lives.
question 2
Question 2
  • Unpleasant emotions such as sadness
  • Are always unhealthy
  • Are more common in teens than in adults.
  • Can be healthy because they help you learn
  • Can never be controlled
  • C
question 3
Question 3

Which of the affects teens emotions?

  • Inherited personality traits
  • Hormones
  • Learning and life experiences
  • All of the above
  • D
question 4
Question 4
  • Mental illness
  • Are very rare
  • Happen to only bad people
  • Can not be treated
  • Are illnesses of the brain that affect behavior.
  • Can be transmitted through sexual behavior
  • D
question 5
Question 5
  • Which of the following is an example of helpful nonverbal communication?
    • Screaming when you are frustrated
    • Using eye contact to show you are interested
    • Avoiding homework because you are stressed out.
    • Telling parents about how emotions are affecting you.
question 6
Question 6
  • Which of the following is not an example of creative expression
  • Making a painting
  • Participating in a play
  • Screaming
  • Writing music
  • C
  • Can you name a time when you felt physcial pain?
  • How did you react to this painful situation?
  • What would have happened if you could not have felt the pain?
  • Would it be good to never feel pain ?
  • Emotional pain serves the same purpose as physical pain. Unpleasant emotions help us know when we need help. Even unpleasant emotions can be healthy.
mental health
Mental Health
  • Perception - how you view a situation
  • Dealing with confusing feelings in a healthy way is a large part of mental health.
  • So what is your mental health????
  • MH = is the way people think about and respond to events in their daily lives.

Your emotions play a large role in a your mental health status.

  • What section of your body produces your emotions?
  • The Brain
  • Emotions = is a feeling produced in response to a life event.
  • What are some examples of emotions a person can feel???
  • What are some physical responses the body goes through as a result of a strong emotional reaction
emotional health
Emotional Health
  • EH = is the way a person experiences and deals with feelings.
  • Going through a wide range of emotions is perfectly normal
  • Even unpleasant emotions can be healthy to experience.
  • Healthy emotions can help us appreciate relatiohips, success, and loss or failure.
teens and emotions
Teens and emotions
  • Even though this is a confusing time full of physical, social , and emotional change- most teens go through healthy emotional changes.
  • As you grow up and get older you will be exposed to gradually increasing roles, responsibilities, and freedoms that can correlate into increasing emotional stress.
  • What are some new roles or responsibilities you may be facing???
  • As you go through puberty the body will begin to produce hormones
  • H= are chemicals that help control how the body grows and functions.
  • Hormones are released in to the blood stream by the brain and other organs in the body called glands.
  • Mood and energy are two major features effected by this chemical release
understanding your emotions
Understanding your emotions
  • How do you feel physically when you are embarrassed?
  • Feeling only one type of emotion all the time would be irrational and unhealthy
  • Feeling embarrassed or unhappiness are important for us to learn from and grow.
  • Going through unpleasant times helps us learn and hopefully avoid future problematic situations.
emotional spectrum
Emotional Spectrum
  • What is your Emotional Spectrum???
  • ES= a set of emotions arranged by how pleasant they are.
  • The emotions will be set so that they are opposite one another on the wheel.
    • Example – love / hate sadness / happy
recognizing your emotions
Recognizing your emotions
  • Understanding and recognizing your emotions is not always easy
  • You may feel many emotions at a single time
  • Identifying your emotions is vital for being able to cope with life situations.
  • Can you give an example of feeling more than one emotion at a time.
  • When a person feels fear- it may be accompanied with nerves or anxiety
  • This may be confusing or overwhelming, you must recognize that you are feeling a mix of strong emotions to cope and deal in a positive rational way.
  • A way to understand your emotions is to learn the situations that are more likely to cause specific emotions
  • Situations, people, and events that cause a person to feel emotions are called triggers
  • Not everyone reacts the same way to triggers.
  • Being able to avoid unpleasant times means you must understand what triggers you to react in a negative way.
in the blue book
In the Blue Book
  • Read 76- 81
  • Answer Lesson Objective Questions for Lessons 1 & 2
  • Direct Reading Lessons 1 & 2
  • Concept Review Lessons 1 & 2
  • Vocabulary Mental Health triggers
expressing emotions
Expressing Emotions
  • Active listening and open communication are two ways of avoiding added stress or unhealthy relatiohips.
  • Communication is key in expressing your emotions
  • Active listening – is not only hearing but also showing that you understand what a person is saying
  • Communicating without words- body language
    • Expressing emotions with the face, hand, and posture.
coping with emotions
Coping with emotions
  • Coping with your emotions means you must deal with them in ways that show respect for others and make you feel better.
  • Positive coping mechanisms - can you name one ??
  • Having a high level of emotional health is important
  • Self – esteem = is a measure of how much you value, respect, and feel confident about your self.
project one
Project One !!!!
  • You will be in groups of two or three
  • You must have one boy/girl in each group
  • Each person in the group must have at least 5 sentences to say (not words)
  • You will be creating a skit on how emotions play a large role in your daily lives
creating your skit
creating your skit
  • You will be creating a skit on how emotions and social interaction play a large role in your daily lives
  • You will pick at random 2 of the emotion cards- these will be used in the skit
  • At the completion of the skit the students in the class should be able to guess which emotions were on your cards- this will be used as a grading tool.
  • The skit must be at least 3 minutes long-
    • ( can be longer)

Please use any or all of the following in your skit

triggers - body language – active listening – effective communication – healthy and unhealthy emotional expression

  • You want an A !!
  • Were the students able to properly identify the 2 emotions on the cards
  • Was the skit clear and easy to hear & understand
  • Was the skit 3 minutes
  • Did the students in the class properly identify the emotions cards
  • Did each person have at least 5 sentences
  • Was everyone used appropriately
  • Did you use all of the tools learned in class in the skit

triggers - body language – active listening – effective communication – healthy and unhealthy emotional expression

mental illnesses
Mental Illnesses
  • What is mental illness ??
  • Health disorder that affect a persons behavior, thoughts, and emotions.
    • This can be scary.
  • In the United States, one our of every six people has a mental illness.
  • These “problems” are illnesses that can most times be corrected. Most people can live normal lives once this is under control
  • First step is recognizing you have a problem and getting it diagnosed.
  • Anxiety – feeling of extreme nervousness and worry
    • Many times a person will have a panic attack and feel as if they are having a heart attack
    • Anxiety Disorder = is an illness that caused unusually strong nervousness, worry, or panic.
    • Mood Disorders = I an illness in which people have uncontrollable mood changes.
  • Bipolar Mood Disorder (BMD)= is one kind of mood disorder where people will go from extreme happiness to sadness. (Depression/ mania)
  • Depression = is a disorder that causes a mood of extreme sadness or hopelessness.
  • Mania = is a mood that causes excessive energy or irritation
  • Hallucinations= sensing something that is not real
  • Delusions = a false belief
  • OCD – obsessive compulsion disorder

Panic attacks: an anxiety disorder that causes someone to have a brief period of of extreme anxiety

  • Panic attacks are triggered by things called phobias (fears). Common phobias include the fear of animals, situations, or social situations (speeches, meeting new people).
  • Schizophrenia = disorder in which a person breaks from reality in several ways
    • Normally little emotional expression is given from a person with this disorder
    • They may have hallucinations or delusions
    • Paranoia is common
    • Paranoia = is the belief that other people want to harm you or someone.
  • A mood disorder in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless for at least two weeks.
  • Healthy sadness is normal and isn’t depression.
  • Depression is a mental illness known as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
  • Symptoms include: extreme sadness for no reason, inability to cheer up with good news, changes in sleeping patterns, tiredness or lack of energy, slowed or increased movements, difficulty concentrating or making decisions, feelings of guilt or hopelessness, thoughts of death and suicide.
suicidal thinking
Suicidal Thinking
  • Most dangerous symptom of depression.
  • Is the desire to take one’s own life.
  • People are in so much emotional pain that they feel they would be better off dead than continue to suffer.
  • 15% of depressed people successfully commit suicide.
  • Treatments for depression are successfully relieve symptoms in 80% of cases.
professional help
Professional help
  • Teen hotline – phone number teens can call to talk privately and anonymously about their problems
  • Counselor - professional who helps people work through difficult problems by talking
  • Psychologist- a person who tried to change thoughts, feelings, and actions by finding reasons behind them or by suggesting new ways to manage emotions
  • Psychiatrist – medical doctor who specializes in illnesses of the brain and body that affect emotions and behavior