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Labor Strikes and Unions. Pgs. 218-220. Going on Strike!. Going on strike became the labor unions’ most important way of getting factory owners to listen to them. Some strikes turned violent! Violence did not help the unions. Some labor unions lost their power due to violence.

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going on strike
Going on Strike!
  • Going on strike became the labor unions’ most important way of getting factory owners to listen to them.
  • Some strikes turned violent!
  • Violence did not help the unions.
  • Some labor unions lost their power due to violence.
going on strike3
Going on Strike!
  • In 1886 workers belonging to the Knights of Labor went on strike against the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company.
  • The union wanted higher wages and an eight-hour workday.
  • During one protest meeting, some strikers fought with police in Chicago.
  • Suddenly someone threw a bomb!
going on strike4
Going on Strike!
  • Seven police officers were killed, and many others were hurt.
  • No one knew who threw the bomb, but people blamed the labor union.
  • The Knights of Labor soon lost many of its members.
carnegie steel mill strike
Carnegie Steel Mill Strike
  • One of the most violent strikes took place at a Carnegie steel mill in Pennsylvania.
  • Henry Frick, a manager at Carnegie’s mill, announced a pay cut for workers.
  • The workers went on strike and Mr. Frick fought back.
  • He shut down the mill and hired private police to protect it.
carnegie steel mill strike6
Carnegie Steel Mill Strike
  • Three hundred police officers arrived at Carnegie’s mill.
  • Mr. Carnegie was away in Scotland.
  • They were met by hundreds of angry union workers. A fight broke out and seven officers and nine strikers were killed.
  • The governor of Pennsylvania sent in soldiers from the National Guard to keep order.
carnegie steel mill strike7
Carnegie Steel Mill Strike
  • The strike went on for four months.
  • Finally, the union gave up and workers returned to their jobs.
  • Many people began to think that the government should help factory workers.
government and business
Government and Business
  • Workers hoped the strikes would make their lives and working conditions better.
  • However, pay was still low and many children still had to work.
  • Workers wanted the government to help improve conditions in factories.
  • Factory owners did not want the government telling them how to run their businesses.
government and business11
Government and Business
  • Many government leaders agreed with factory owners.
  • They believed that businesses helped make the country’s economy strong by producing goods and creating new jobs.
  • For industry to grow, businesses had to be free to produce their goods in the best way possible.
government and business12
Government and Business
  • Business leaders did not want the government to get involved.
  • They feared the government would regulate their businesses, or control them with laws.
  • Business owners wanted as few laws dealing with the operations as possible.