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Labor Strikes and Unions

Labor Strikes and Unions

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Labor Strikes and Unions

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  1. Labor Strikes and Unions Pgs. 218-220

  2. Going on Strike! • Going on strike became the labor unions’ most important way of getting factory owners to listen to them. • Some strikes turned violent! • Violence did not help the unions. • Some labor unions lost their power due to violence.

  3. Going on Strike! • In 1886 workers belonging to the Knights of Labor went on strike against the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. • The union wanted higher wages and an eight-hour workday. • During one protest meeting, some strikers fought with police in Chicago. • Suddenly someone threw a bomb!

  4. Going on Strike! • Seven police officers were killed, and many others were hurt. • No one knew who threw the bomb, but people blamed the labor union. • The Knights of Labor soon lost many of its members.

  5. Carnegie Steel Mill Strike • One of the most violent strikes took place at a Carnegie steel mill in Pennsylvania. • Henry Frick, a manager at Carnegie’s mill, announced a pay cut for workers. • The workers went on strike and Mr. Frick fought back. • He shut down the mill and hired private police to protect it.

  6. Carnegie Steel Mill Strike • Three hundred police officers arrived at Carnegie’s mill. • Mr. Carnegie was away in Scotland. • They were met by hundreds of angry union workers. A fight broke out and seven officers and nine strikers were killed. • The governor of Pennsylvania sent in soldiers from the National Guard to keep order.

  7. Carnegie Steel Mill Strike • The strike went on for four months. • Finally, the union gave up and workers returned to their jobs. • Many people began to think that the government should help factory workers.

  8. Government and Business • Workers hoped the strikes would make their lives and working conditions better. • However, pay was still low and many children still had to work. • Workers wanted the government to help improve conditions in factories. • Factory owners did not want the government telling them how to run their businesses.

  9. Government and Business • Many government leaders agreed with factory owners. • They believed that businesses helped make the country’s economy strong by producing goods and creating new jobs. • For industry to grow, businesses had to be free to produce their goods in the best way possible.

  10. Government and Business • Business leaders did not want the government to get involved. • They feared the government would regulate their businesses, or control them with laws. • Business owners wanted as few laws dealing with the operations as possible.