Ethnicity and tradition in the old town san diego diet
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Ethnicity and Tradition in the Old Town San Diego Diet. Trine B. Johansen (UC Davis) and Benjamin D. O. Hanowell (CSU Sacramento). The McCoy-Silvas Site, Old Town San Diego, P1116. A Few Details About The Features. Site first occupied during the 1830s

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Ethnicity and tradition in the old town san diego diet

Ethnicity and Tradition in the Old Town San Diego Diet

Trine B. Johansen

(UC Davis)

and

Benjamin D. O. Hanowell

(CSU Sacramento)



A few details about the features
A Few Details About The Features

  • Site first occupied during the 1830s

  • Artifacts associated with Feature 39 date to the 1840s

  • Artifacts from Feature 141 are possibly associated with the earlier (1830s) adobe structure



Mccoy silvas house faunal remains
McCoy-Silvas House Diegofaunal remains

Relative Frequency of Number of Identified Specimens,

and Minimum Number of Individuals (Grayson 1984)


Cow bone density
Cow Bone Density Diego

No correlation

between recovered

cow bone elements

and density(Kreutzer 1992)


Cow meat utility
Cow Meat Utility Diego

weak, but positive

correlation between

recovered cow bone

elements and meat

utility(Emerson 1990)


Fragmentation
Fragmentation Diego

Cow elements are

nearly twice as

fragmented as

sheep elements

(Lyman 1994)




What type of waste
What Type of Waste? Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

MATANZA WASTE (following Gust 1982)

  • Large number of carcasses

  • Deposited on ground surface

  • Located away from living areas

  • No other trash

  • Presence of partially or wholly articulated carcasses


The matanza
The Matanza Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

“When the rancheros had a matanza, which means the killing of a lot of cattle once a year…he would have lots of cattle brought up and placed in corrals near the house some where, and then those in the best condition to kill were selected from the band and slaughtered…” (Belden 1878:22)


What type of waste1
What Type of Waste? Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

KITCHEN AND BUTCHERING WASTE

  • Variable number of carcasses

  • Concentrated in pits

  • Located near living areas

  • Presence of domestic artifacts

  • Evidence of intensive butchering

  • Presence of other animal species


Kitchen and butchery waste
Kitchen and Butchery Waste Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

“Small slaughters seem to have been conducted very near home. A beef for family use was reportedly brought “in to the side or rear of the house, about 100 feet distant, and convenient to the kitchen…and killed…” (Davis 1889:47-48)


Hispanic vs euro american butchering traditions

Hispanic Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

Butchering and consumption on site.

Bones are highly fragmented.

Use of knives and axes in dismembering.

Lack of sagitally split vertebrae.

Smashing of long bones for marrow?

Euro American

Specified butchering sites.

Less fragmented bones.

Use of saws.

Suspension of carcass resulting in sagitally split vertebrae.

Sawing the bone into multiple sections.

Hispanic vs. Euro American Butchering Traditions


Butchering techniques
Butchering Techniques Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites


Relative frequency of chopping marks
Relative Frequency of Chopping Marks Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites


A few examples of chopping
A Few Examples of Chopping Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites


The experiment
The Experiment Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

  • Employed a variety of tool types – axes, hatchets cleavers, knives, saws

  • Recorded the modification effects of each tool

  • Applied this method to several bone elements

  • Hatchets get the job done

  • No marrow extraction?


Conclusion
Conclusion Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

  • Cows Rule

  • Butchery and Kitchen Waste

  • Follows expected pattern for the time period within the cultural context

  • No strong emphasis on particular meat cuts

  • Use of hatchets and axes in primary butchering


Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements Adobe and Rose-Robinson Sites

  • Larry Felton, Department of Parks and Recreation, SACRF.

  • Christyann M. Darwent, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis.

  • Glenn Farris, Department of Parks and Recreation, SACRF.