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We are Chahta. Choctaw Artifacts. Choctaw Oral History. Ryan L. Spring, Historic Preservation Dept. Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. Nvnih Waiya. Nvnih Waiya Cave. Creation of the Black Belt Prairie. Asclepias viridis. Silphium tet.

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choctaw oral history
We are Chahta

Choctaw Artifacts

Choctaw Oral History

Ryan L. Spring,

Historic Preservation Dept.

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

nvnih waiya
Nvnih Waiya

nvnih waiya cave
Nvnih Waiya Cave

creation of the black belt prairie
Creation of the Black Belt Prairie




creation of the black belt prairie1
Creation of the Black Belt Prairie

American Mastodon

Nan ishtpela

chukka house
Chukka (House)

National Anthropological Archives

Bushnell 1909

chahta ohoyo im isht ahalaia choctaw women s responsibilities
ChahtaOhoyoImIshtAhalaia(Choctaw Women’s Responsibilities)
  • Life-givers
  • Foundation of the community
  • Home-owners
  • Agricultural producers
  • Domestic activities

Bushnell 1909

ohoyo osh chishba
Ohoyo Osh Chishba

Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia 24450

tapushik river cane basket


Tapushik(River Cane Basket)

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Council House Museum

National Museum of the American Indian

National Museum of the American Indian

Emerson's Magazine 1857 NO Mkt

Museum of the Red River

chahta hattak im isht ahalaia choctaw men s responsibilities
+ChahtaHattakImIshtAhalaia(Choctaw Men’s Responsibilities)
  • Hunting
  • Protecting the community
  • Playing Stickball
  • Interacting with other groups
  • Doing heaviest work
  • Serving as orators/historians

Bushnell 1909

Uskihlumpa (Blowgun)

Shomonaki (Dart)

Tapena (War Club)

Uskibashbo (Cane knife)



Ititanampo (Bow)

Uskinaki (Arrow)

IssiOwvtta(Deer Hunts)

De Bry 1591

Ruby Bolding 2011

Du Pratz 1758

chahta ishtaboli choctaw stickball
+ChahtaIshtaboli(Choctaw Stickball)

“Tullock-chish-ko, Drinks the Juice of the Stone”

George Catlin 1834-1835

Choctaw Stickball Player

George Catlin 1834


(to put out)

hobachit ikbi colonization
  • Spanish, French, English, United States
  • Thousands of Choctaw died from disease and war
  • Land base reduced by 99.84%
  • Ecosystem destruction
  • Choctaw family and governmental

structures altered

  • Tribe fragmented
  • Language, people, and traditional

knowledge marginalized

Hererra y Tordesilla1615)

tvnvp warfare

De Bry 1591

yakni awehli the taking of land
YakniAwehli(The Taking of Land)

After DeRosier 1970:29

hobachit ikbi assimilation

National Anthropological Archives

Gast 1872

falvmmint ishi recovery
  • A reassertion of sovereignty and self-determination
  • Development of Tribal social programs
  • Culture camps
  • Language classes
  • Tribal fairs
  • Revival of Choctaw Stomp Dance
  • Revival of Choctaw Pottery
  • Revival of Stickball
  • Southeastern Native Seed Bank
  • Rehabilitation of Mississippi


  • Recovery of Nvnih Waiya