medical terminology n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Medical Terminology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Medical Terminology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Medical Terminology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 233 Views
  • Uploaded on

Medical Terminology. Learning a New Language. Medical terminology is used in every sector of the health care industry. It is impossible to memorize the meaning of every single medical term. Thankfully, medical terminology is based off of Latin and Greek roots with common prefixes and suffixes.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Medical Terminology' - naiara


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
learning a new language
Learning a New Language
  • Medical terminology is used in every sector of the health care industry.
  • It is impossible to memorize the meaning of every single medical term.
  • Thankfully, medical terminology is based off of Latin and Greek roots with common prefixes and suffixes.
  • By learning these roots, prefixes, and suffixes, you can build complex words whose meanings are easily translated.
the elements of medical words
The Elements of Medical Words
  • There are four basic elements to medical words:
  • 1. Root word
  • 2. Prefix
  • 3. Suffix
  • 4. Combining vowels
root words
Root Words
  • Most root words are derived from Latin or Greek.
  • This is the main part of the medical word.
  • All medical words have at least one root.
  • Roots usually refer to a body part or a body system.
prefixes
Prefixes
  • A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word.
  • Prefixes add a meaning to the root word, usually indicating location, number or parts, or a specific time.
  • Not all medical terms have a prefix.
common prefixes
Common Prefixes

slide10

slide11

slide12

number prefixes
Number Prefixes

suffixes
Suffixes
  • A suffix is added to the end of a root word.
  • Prefixes add meaning to the root word and can describe a condition, disease, or procedure.
  • All medical terms have a suffix.
common suffixes
Common Suffixes

slide16

slide17

slide18

adjective suffixes
Adjective Suffixes
  • These suffixes are used to turn root words into complete words.
  • These new words can be used as adjectives.
  • Ex: gastr- + -ic = gastric, which means “pertaining to the stomach”.
  • All adjective suffixes mean “pertaining to”.
common adjective suffixes
Common Adjective Suffixes

–ac

–al

–an

–ar

–ary

–eal

–iac

–ic

–ical

–ile

–ior

–ory

–ose

–ous

–tic

combining vowels
Combining Vowels
  • Combining vowels (usually an “o”) are used to make long terms easier to pronounce.
  • Combining vowels can be used to connect two root words or a root word and a suffix.
combining vowel rules
Combining Vowel Rules
  • When connecting a root word and a suffix:
  • 1. If the suffix begins with a vowel, DO NOT use a combining vowel.
    • Ex: Arthr- + -itis = arthritis
  • 2. If the suffix begins with a consonant, use a combining vowel.
    • Ex: Arthr- + -scope = arthroscope
  • When connecting two root words, always use a combining vowel.
    • Ex: Gastr- + enter- + -itis = gastroenteritis
how to translate medical terms
How to “Translate” Medical Terms
  • Break the long word into its parts.
  • Define each part separately.
  • Put the definitions together.
slide26

gastroenterology

gastr / o / enter / o / logy

stomach

small intestine

the study of

combining vowel

combining vowel

“the study of the stomach and small intestine”

singular and plural endings
Singular and Plural Endings
  • Since many medical terms come from Latin and Greek, the rules for forming plurals are different from English.
  • Other words can be turned into plurals by adding “s” or “es”.