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Dubliners 1914, after 10 years delay James Joyce (1882 – 1941). Intended as a moral chapter Most stories were written when Joyce was 22; 15 stories “The Dead” as a crowning piece (at the age of 25). The Movie version 1987 Directed by John Huston (1906 –1987).
(ἡ) ἐπιφάνεια, epiphaneia "appearance", "manifestation") is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God in human form in the person of Jesus Christ. It falls on 6 January or, in many countries, on the Sunday that falls between 2 January and 8 January.
Epiphany, a sudden, intuitive perception of or insight into the reality or essential meaning of something, usually initiated by some simple, homely, or commonplace occurrence or experience.
To read means to question, to interpret, to make inferencesJoyce at 50
Lily 158Literary Reasoning is associativewith its additional information embodied in its diction;These associations are directional and intentional;
Gabriel is named an archangel in the Holy Bible's New Testament book, Luke.
Gabriel, traditionally named as an archangel, delivering the Annunciation. Painting by Paolo de Matteis, 1712.Lily & Gabriel
2. a wrinkle, crease, or irregular foldPuckers and Creases 161
His mother warned him if he went to war, he would die young;
Achilles’mother hid the youth in a girl’s dress;
The allusion/reference to “that other world” as the realm of spirits recalls the scene in Homer’s Odyssey, where the ghost of Achilles addresses Odysseus: “Better, I say, to break sod as a farm hand for some poor countryman, on iron rations, than lord it over all the exhausted dead” (Odyssey 201).Two Value Codes
List of deaths in fiction, plays, ballads, songs & paintings:
_______________;Death Weighs Heavily ThroughoutFramed by The Sisters & The Dead
 Wayne Booth in The Rhetoric of Fiction. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1961), page 20.
“Better Pass boldly into that other other world in full glory of some passion”--like Michael Fury—Let Me Like a Solider Fall, a ballad mentioned on page 200;
Gretta claims that “I think he died for me” (Dubliners 221). Romanticism has paralyzed Gretta for so long.
“But he (Michael) [actually] said he did not want to live” (Dubliners 223).
“Than fade and wither dismally with age”—like Aunt Julia.
The song Arrayed for the Bridal vs. the singer who has passed her prime time.
During her singing, Gabriel follows Aunt Julia’s voice instead of looking at her face; Fred’s applause at the wrong time;
When “the table burst into applause and laughter at this sally, Aunt Julia vainly asked each of her neighbors in turn to tell her what Gabriel had said” (Dubliners 205).Gabriel’s Gaze: Sympathetic but Critical Two Models Under Critical Lens
 Quoted in Seidel, page 73.
What is the role of art in general and literature in particular in healing the post-modern notion of fragmented self on the one hand, and on the other, balancing the naïve Romantic notion of the autonomous self in the current multicultural milieu?