Wittgenstein. Dr Y. J. Erden email@example.com. Content. 1. Language & meaning 2. Inner/ outer 3. Private language. Meaningful language. Language games. Connection between word & meaning lies in practice (use), not theory .
Dr Y. J. Erden
1. Language & meaning
2. Inner/ outer
3. Private language
*Our title, not Wittgenstein’s
Problem with the word ‘know’: how can you know you are in pain?
Wittgenstein surmises that use of the word is mistaken.
You don’t know you are in pain, but rather, you are in pain.
If you can know something, then presumably you could also doubt it, and one cannot doubt ones own pain (§ 246).
§ 249 Problem of lying: lying is also a language game that needs to be learnt.
The idea of pain as a private entity is a ‘grammatical fiction’ imposed on us by the Augustinian picture of language which suggests that words must refer to a something (a sensation-word would = an inner something).
An inner definition can be flawed, misremembered, etc.
It’s meaning would therefore be indeterminate (constantly in flux), and a word whose meaning is constantly changing cannot mean.