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Persian keyboarding in shared bibliographic records: cataloger-centric vs. user-centric. William J. Kopycki Middle East Studies Bibliographer University of Pennsylvania Libraries kopycki@pobox.upenn.edu. Arabic keyboard w/Persian shift (RLIN21) .

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persian keyboarding in shared bibliographic records cataloger centric vs user centric

Persian keyboarding in shared bibliographic records: cataloger-centric vs. user-centric

William J. Kopycki

Middle East Studies Bibliographer

University of Pennsylvania Libraries

kopycki@pobox.upenn.edu

major libraries contributing persian script records
Major libraries contributing Persian-script records
  • Library of Congress
  • New York Public Library
  • New York University
  • University of California at Santa Barbara
  • University of Michigan
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Yale University
additional characters vs arabic
Additional characters vs. Arabic

چ hex 0686

پhex 067E

گhex 06AF

ژhex 0698

ۀhex 06C0

just because it looks like a duck
Just because it looks like a duck…

Modified Arabic letters in the Persian keyboard:

experiment 1a
Experiment 1a

“Farsi” as keyword search with Arabic “ya” :

فارسي

experiment 1b
Experiment 1b :

“Farsi” as keyword search with Persian “yah” (from MS Farsi keyboard)

فارسی

the harsh realities
The harsh realities

The Persian “Ya” does not exist in the MARC-8 Character repertoire, therefore users should not expect to realistically achieve results unless they switch to the Arabic Alif Maksurah.

experiment 1c
Experiment 1c

“Farsi” as keyword search with Arabic “Alif maksurah”

فارسى

variation on this experiment
Variation on this experiment

(In LC Catalog, set limits to retrieve records encoded as “Persian” only)

  • = 32 records using فارسي
  • = 618 records using فارسى
however in worldcat
However… in WorldCat

فارسي =

= فارسى

experiment 2a
Experiment 2a

Search LC catalog for “Kishvar” using Arabic “kaf”

كشور

experiment 2b
Experiment 2b

Search LC catalog for “Kishvar” using Persian “kaf”

کشور

meanwhile back in worldcat
Meanwhile, back in WorldCat…

كشور =

= کشور (فارسی)

finally a word about nim fasalah
Finally, a word about Nim Fasalah

Nim Fasalah

= ZWNJ symbol in Unicode

= hex 022C

= [numlock] Alt+0157 [keypad]

nim fasalah makes things look nice and retrievable
Nim Fasalah makes things look nice and retrievable

This:

نسخه‌هاى

NOT:

نسخه های

experiment 4a
Experiment 4a

In LC catalog:

نسخه‌هاى

experiment 4b
Experiment 4b

In LC catalog, using space (w/quotes)

”نسخه هاى“

the worldcat perspective
The WorldCat perspective…
  • 93 records when using نسخه‌هاى
the worldcat perspective31
The WorldCat perspective…

138 results when using “نسخه هاى”

the numbers game
The Numbers game

Compare the following:

[hex 0660 - 0669 vs. hex 06F0 - 06F9]

The “Persian” forms of the numbers 4, 5 and 6 are not currently available for use in cataloging

recommendations
Recommendations
  • Create agreed-upon standards for input conventions of Persian script in shared bibliographic records.
  • Replace/update existing records to reflect these conventions.
  • Explore feasibility making additional UTF-8 characters valid for input.
  • Explore reasons behind current normalization in WorldCat, in automated systems.
recommendations34
Recommendations

5. Work to create documentation to education patrons on how to best retrieve Persian-script records in OPACs and WorldCat.

further reading
Further reading

Barnes, Judy. International cataloging: Non-roman scripts. OCLC Connexion documentation. http://www.oclc.org/us/en/support/documentation/connexion/client/international/default.htm

Esfahbod, Behdad. Persian computing with Unicode. http://behdad.org/download/Publications/persiancomputing/a007.pdf

further reading36
Further reading

Kopycki, William. “Al-Marâyâ al-muhaddabah: Availability and quality of shared Arabic-script records in WorldCat and RLIN”. Arabic Script Web-Based Catalogs in the 21st Century Symposium, 15-16 Feb. 2005. Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates: United Arab Emirates University, Libraries Deanship, 2005.

National Middle East Language Resource Center. Typing Persian Word Documents in Windows. http://sartre2.byu.edu/persian/persianword/persianwp.htm

Failblog. http://failblog.org/ (for comedic relief; may be unsuitable for sensitive viewers).