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Magical Girl Anime. Jennifer Berman JAPN 313 Final Project Spring 2012. What are magical girl anime?. M agical girl ( 魔法少女 mahou shoujo ) series are a subgenre of fantasy anime and manga Centered around young girls with magical powers

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magical girl anime

Magical Girl Anime

Jennifer Berman

JAPN 313 Final Project

Spring 2012

what are magical girl anime
What are magical girl anime?
  • Magical girl (魔法少女mahoushoujo) series are a subgenre of fantasy anime and manga
  • Centered around young girls with magical powers
  • Some magical girls use their powers to fight evil, others for everyday tasks or to achieve some goal
  • Most magical girl series are shoujo but some shounen ones also exist
origins
Origins
  • First magical girl anime was Mahoutsukai Sally (“Sally the Witch”) in 1966
  • Created by Yokoyama Mitsuteru (Tetsujin 28-go/Gigantor)
  • Inspired by the American show “Bewitched”
origins1
Origins
  • Himitsu no Akko-chan (1969) was another successful early magical girl series
  • Title character uses a magic compact mirror to transform into anyone/anything she wants
the 70s
The 70s
  • After success of Mahoutsukai Sally and Himitsu no Akko-chan Toei Animation released lots of magical girl shows in the 1970s
  • Known as majokko (魔女っ子) series
  • Most influential one was Majokko Meg-chan(1974)
the 90s
The 90s
  • Sailor Moon (1992-1997) popularized the idea of magical girls as superheroines who fight evil (sentoubishoujo/戦闘美少女) as a team.
  • Team format was inspired by sentai shows
  • Success started a wave of other fighting magical girl shows throughout the 90s and early 2000s
    • Magic Knight Rayearth (1994)
    • Cardcaptor Sakura (1998)
    • Wedding Peach (1995)
    • Etc.
other things i ll talk about
Other things I’ll talk about
  • Shounenand seinen magical girl shows like Nanoha – how they compare to shoujo ones
  • More recent series (like the Pretty Cure franchise)
  • Coming-of-age metaphors in magical girl shows
  • MahouShoujoMadokaMagica (how it’s a deconstruction of the typical magical girl anime)