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INVESTMENT PROPERTIES FRS 140 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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INVESTMENT PROPERTIES FRS 140. Issue. Some properties comprise a portion that is held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation and another portion that is held for use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes. At the end .. You should be able to.

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Presentation Transcript
issue
Issue
  • Some properties comprise a portion that is held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation and another portion that is held for use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes.
at the end you should be able to
At the end .. You should be able to ...
  • Differentiate between Investment property and Owner-occupied property
  • When to recognised and
  • How to measure investment property; and
  • What should be disclose
definition
Definition
  • Investment property is property (land or a building) held (by the owner or by the lessee under a finance lease) to earn rentals or for capital appreciation or both,
  • Property held as inventories is the property that are going to be sold in the ordinary course of business.
  • Owner-occupied property is property held (by the owner or by the lessee under a finance lease) for use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes
criteria for investment properties
Criteria for investment properties
  • Investment property is held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation or both.
  • Investment property generates cash flows largely independently of the other assets held by an entity.

ISSUE: partly used by enterprise and partly leased under operating lease??

examples of investment property
Examples of investment property:
  • land held for long-term capital appreciation rather than for short-term sale in the ordinary course of business.
  • land held for a currently undetermined future use.
    • (If an entity has not determined that it will use the land as owner-occupied property or for short-term sale in the ordinary course of business, the land is regarded as held for capital appreciation.)
  • a building owned by the entity (or held by the entity under a finance lease) and leased out under one or more operating leases.
  • a building that is vacant but is held to be leased out under one or more operating leases.
transaction between group
Transaction between group
  • In some cases, an entity owns property that is leased to, and occupied by, its parent or another subsidiary.
  • The property does not qualify as investment property in the consolidated financial statements, because the property is owner-occupied from the perspective of the group.
  • However, from the perspective of the entity that owns it, the property is investment property. Therefore, the lessor treats the property as investment property in its individual financial statements.
recognition
Recognition
  • Shall be RECOGNISED as anASSET when, and only when:
    • it is probablethat the future economic benefits that are associated with the investment property will flow to the entity; and
    • the cost of the investment property can be measured reliably.
  • These costs include costs incurred initially to acquire an investment property and costs incurred subsequently to add to, replace part of, or service a property.
  • The costs of the day-to-day servicing of such a property are recognised in profit or loss as incurred (repairs and maintenance )
measurement at recognition
Measurement AT Recognition

Measured initially at its cost. Transaction costs shall be

included in the initial measurement.

(a) The cost of a purchased investment property comprises its purchase price and any directly attributable expenditure.

  • (b) Directly attributable expenditure includes, for example, professional fees for legal services, property transfer taxes, and other transaction costs.

The cost of a self-constructed investment property is its

cost at the date when the construction or development is

complete. Before the property is classified as investment

property, an entity applies FRS 116 (PPE).

measurement after recognition
Measurement AFTER Recognition
  • Methods / Models;
    • Fair Value Model
    • Cost model
fair value model
Fair Value Model
  • The fair value of investment property is the price at which the property could be exchanged between knowledgeable, willing parties in an arm’s length transaction.
  • The best evidence of fair value is –
    • current prices in an active market for similar property in the same location and condition and subject to similar lease and other contracts.
  • The fair value of investment property shall reflect market conditions at the balance sheet date.
  • A gain or loss arising from a change in the fair value of investment property shall be recognised in profit or loss for the period in which it arises.
slide12
Cont…
  • Inability to Determine Fair Value Reliably
    • an entity shall measure using the cost model in FRS 116 (PPE).
    • The residual value of the investment property shall be assumed to be zero.
    • The entity shall apply FRS 116 until disposal of the investment property.
different between fair value model and revaluation model
Different between ‘Fair value model’ and ‘revaluation model’
  • Revaluation model
    • Increase in amount ( revaluation amount > cost) are recognised as revaluation surplus
  • Fair value model
    • Increase in amount ( fair value amount > cost) are recognised as profit in Income Statement
cost model
Cost Model
  • an entity that chooses the cost model shall measure all of its investment property in accordance with FRS 116’s requirements which is

(i) At cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss

(ii) Increase in value (revaluation) of the investment property are recognised as revaluation surplus

example 1 text book
Example 1 (text book)

Examples 8sept09.doc

transfers para 57
Transfers – Para 57
  • Transfers TO OR FROM, investment property shall be made when there is EVIDENCE OF CHANGE IN USE being:

(a) commencement of owner-occupation, for a transfer from investment property to owner-occupied property - (FROM)

(b) commencement of development with a view to sale, for a transfer from investment property to inventories (Property Dev Activities) - (FROM)

(c) end of owner-occupation, for a transfer from owner-occupied property to investment property. (TO)

    • commencement of an operating lease to another party, for a transfer from inventories to investment property – (TO)
    • end of construction or development, for a transfer from property in the course of construction or development to investment property. – (TO)
example 2 transfer from oop cost to ip fv
Example 2: Transfer from OOP (COST) to IP (FV)
  • Building (cost ) = RM50M;
  • Acc. Dep. = RM5m; Carrying Amt = RM45M
  • Fair value as at the date of transfer RM60M

Journal Entry for the transfer

Dt. Investment property RM60M

Dt. Accm dep RM5M

Cr. PPE RM50M

Cr. Revaluation reserve RM15M

disposal para 66 73
Disposal (Para 66-73)

Upon sale or by entering into a finance lease

IP:

  • Derecogd or eliminated from bal sheet on disposal
  • Permanently withdrawn from used with NO future economics benefits

Gain/loss –

  • The difference bet. Net disposal proceeds and

Carryg Amt. of the asset

  • Recognised in P&L in the period of disposal
disclosure fair value model
Disclosure : Fair value model,
  • the methods and significant assumptions applied in determining the fair value of investment property,
  • Who is independent valuer
  • the amounts recognised in profit or loss for:
    • rental income from investment property;
    • direct operating expenses (including repairs and maintenance) arising from investment property
  • contractual obligations to purchase, construct or develop investment property or for repairs, maintenance or enhancements.
disclosure cost model
Disclosure : Cost model,
  • the depreciation methods used;
  • the useful lives or the depreciation rates used;
  • the gross carrying amount, and the accumulated depreciation (aggregated with accumulated impairment losses) at the beginning and end of the period;
  • a reconciliation of the carrying amount of investment property at the beginning and end of the period, showing the following:
  • the amount of impairment losses recognised, and the amount of impairment losses reversed, during the period
  • transfers to and from inventories and owner-occupied property