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Impact Estimator Highways and Buildings. Rob Sianchuk, MASc Director de Desarrollo de Negocios Coldstream Consulting Ltd. rob.sianchuk@coldstreamconsulting.com November 8, 2013. Presentation Outline. Life cycle approaches Driving demand Designing with LCA and LCC

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

ImpactEstimator

Highways and Buildings

RobSianchuk, MASc

Director de Desarrollo de Negocios

ColdstreamConsulting Ltd.

rob.sianchuk@coldstreamconsulting.com

November 8, 2013

slide3

Presentation Outline

  • Life cycle approaches
  • Driving demand
  • Designing with LCA and LCC
  • Professional Development
slide5

Both are Life Cycle Approaches

– Different Metrics, Different Methods –life cycle assessment life cycle costing

slide6

UNEP/SETAC Sustainability Framework

Environmental Security

Financial Security

Financial Management

Decisions

Environmental Management

Decisions

Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs)

Financial Statements

LCA Modeling

Financial Modeling

slide7

Inventory Analysis

Impact Assessment

Air

Resources

Water

kg CO2 eq

Energy

?

Land

Investment

Costs

NPV CAD$

slide8

Inventory Analysis

Impact Assessment

Air

Resources

Water

kg CO2 eq

Energy

kg CFC-11 eq

Land

kg SO2 eq

Investment

Costs

NPV CAD$

kg N eq

kg PM10 eq

kg O3 eq

slide9

What is driving demand?

    • Codes and Standards
    • Organizational Initiatives
    • Infrastructure Deficit
slide10

Construction Industry Demand: Codes and Standards

  • LEED v.4
  • Green Globes
  • International Green Construction Code
  • ISO 21931-1
  • Living Building Challenge
slide11

Construction Industry Demand: Organizational Initiatives

  • Olympic Games Impact (OGI) Studies
    • En 27: Life-cycle Inventory of Olympic
    • and Paralympic Venues
  • Natural Resources Canada
    • Federal Sustainable Development
    • Strategy includes assessment of
    • embodied carbon
  • University of British Columbia
    • inclusion of LCA in request for
    • information from architects and
    • consulting teams
slide12

Construction Industry Demand: Infrastructure Deficit

  • North America has a significant infrastructure deficit
    • Mostly built between 1950’s and the 1970’s
  • Living in a resource constrained world
    • Slower growing economy
    • Aging population – smaller tax base
    • Larger population drawing on fewer
    • natural resources
  • Implications
    • Need to do more with less
    • Focus on life cycle performance
slide13

Designing with LCA and LCC

    • District Energy Center
    • Moving towards EPDs
    • Impact Estimator for Highways
slide14

Designing with LCA and LCC

    • District Energy Center
      • To manage environmental and economic costs with integrated LCA-LCC.
      • Earn LEED Innovation & Design credits
slide15

Reference Design!

Elemental Cost Analysis

Financial Modeling format used by Canadian Quantity Surveyors to do Life Cycle Costing (LCC).

Life Cycle Assessment tool use.

slide16

Building design

- geometry and materials with integrated LCA-LCC results.

slide18

Elemental design

- geometry and materials with integrated LCA-LCC results.

high

Direct Costs (NPV $)

low

Global Warming Potential (kg CO2 eq)

slide19

Learning Outcomes

  • Design Team Engagement
    • Kick off Integrated Design Process
    • Clarify design goals
    • Set expectations and information needs
  • Develop standards and benchmarks for reference designs
    • What is a fair comparison?
slide20

Designing with LCA and LCC

    • District Energy Center
    • Moving towards EPDs
slide21

Designing with LCA and LCC

    • District Energy Center
    • Moving towards EPDs
      • Supply
      • Alignment
        • Impact Categories
        • Process Information Modules
      • Usability
slide22

Recognized product standards.

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) Programs

slide24

Functional Unit:

  • performance related reference to which input and output data are normalized
  • Reference Flow: outputs from system required to fulfill the function expressed by the functional unit.
  • Intermediate Flow:
  • output from a process that is input to other process that requires further transformation within system.
  • Express LCA and LCC results
  • per whole building
  • per m2 floor area
  • (or per m2 building element)

Building

(or Building Element)

Construction Products

slide26

EPD Publication Experience

    • Softwood Lumber
    • Softwood Plywood
    • Oriented Strand board
    • Glue Laminated Timbers
    • Laminated Veneer Lumber
    • Wood I-Joists
    • Redwood Decking
  • Useability of pdfs?
slide27

Designing with LCA and LCC

    • District Energy Center
    • Moving towards EPDs
    • Impact Estimator for Highways
slide28

Designing with LCA and LCC

    • District Energy Center
    • Moving towards EPDs
    • Impact Estimator for Highways
      • Background
      • Supporting Data
      • Modeling Capabilities
slide29

Impact Estimator for Highways

    • Developed by the Athena Sustainable Materials Institute.
    • Funded by Cement Association of Canada and Environment Canada with technical engineering expertise from Morrison Hershfield.
    • Can be used to create LCA model of any type of roadway cross-sectional design.
slide30

Impact Estimator for Highways

    • 100+ roadway materials in the database.
      • Base, Sub-base and surface materials (flexible & rigid)
      • Rigid – General use (GU) and blended cements (PLC)
      • Flexible – Hot mix asphalt (HMA) and Warm mix asphalt (WMA)
    • User can create and save customized product
      • mixes
      • supply transportation modes and distances
slide31

Impact Estimator for Highways

    • 30+ large construction equipment profiles in the database
      • customizable to reflect regional/seasonal working conditions and usage rates.
pavement vehicle interaction pvi1
Pavement Vehicle Interaction (PVI)

http://web.mit.edu/cshub/news/pdf/PVI_Report-2012.pdf

slide36

It’s free!

http://www.athenasmi.org

slide38

See results for

Impact Assessment,

and Inventory Analysis.

slide40

Professional development

    • Civil engineering course at University of British Columbia
    • Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of British Columbia
slide41

2011/2012

  • CIVL 498C Whole Building Life Cycle Assessment
  • 4thyear Civil Eng technical elective
  • Established in January 2009*
  • Attended by undergraduate and graduate architecture and engineering students from civil, mechanical, materials, environmental, chemical and mining specializations

2010/2011

2009/2010

2008/2009

2012/2013

slide43

Presentation Outline

  • Life cycle approaches
  • Driving demand
  • Designing with LCA and LCC
  • Professional Development
slide44

Inventory Analysis

Impact Assessment

Air

Resources

Water

kg CO2 eq

Energy

kg CFC-11 eq

Land

kg SO2 eq

Investment

Costs

NPV CAD$

kg N eq

kg PM10 eq

kg O3 eq

slide45

UNEP/SETAC Sustainability Framework

Environmental Security

Financial Security

Financial Management

Decisions

Environmental Management

Decisions

Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs)

Financial Statements

EPDs

LCA Modeling

Financial Modeling

Inventory Analysis

slide46

ImpactEstimator

Highways and Buildings

RobSianchuk, MASc

Director de Desarrollo de Negocios

ColdstreamConsulting Ltd.

rob.sianchuk@coldstreamconsulting.com

November 8, 2013