Indian Politics Framework of a Constitution
About India is a democratic federal parliamentary republic in which the president of India is at the head of the state and the prime minister of India at the head of the government. Legislative power is exercised by both the government and the two houses of the Indian Parliament, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Federal and state elections usually take place in a multi-party system, although this is not enshrined in law.
PrParallel state structureesident Governor •Formal political structure of the states parallels that of the national government •National --------------- state •President-------------- Governor •Prime Minister--------- Chief Minister •Parliament---------------- Assembly •Supreme Court----------- High Court
Rajya Sabha (Council of States) •Rajya Sabha (Council of States) •not more than 250 members –12 are nominated by the President of India –the rest are indirectly elected •by state Legislative Assemblies •The Council of States can not be dissolved –members have terms of 6 years –1/3 members retire at end of every 2nd year
Loksabha •Lok Sabha (House of the People) 545 members –2 are appointed by the President of India –the rest are directly elected from single-member districts •5-year terms unless dissolved •Lok Sabha elects its presiding officer –the Speaker
India's democracy, India is the seventh country (by zone) and the second most populous country in the world, with about one sixth of its population, or about one and a quarter billion people. It is the largest democracy in the world. It is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, a very young nation. Elections to Parliament take place every five years. Highlights
Factors affecting democracy The success of democracy in India defies many prevailing theories that stipulate preconditions. Religion as a major cultural influence plays an important role in politics. Political party support depends greatly on differentiating the electorate along religious lines. The caste system crosses religious boundaries to reach the two Hindu peoples. Hindus have four main castes and hundreds of sub-castes.
Disadvantages of Indian Politics In the last general election held in India in 2009, only 59% of the eligible population voted, given the country's demographics, which represent about 30% of the total population. According to many estimates, the educated middle class votes the least in terms of percentages and therefore, leaders are chosen by parties based on caste, creed and other similar factors that interest the poor population. People are asking for votes on the name of caste, religion and other sentimental issues rather than on development and other rational issues. With the presence of various parties in various regions and the absence of a strong national party, the Indian government became a slave to coalition politics, which deterred many advances. Although there are other arguments of this kind, the fact remains that India is the largest democracy and will remain so for a long time. If the political system focuses on obtaining votes by ensuring development, the numbers are in favor of India and can therefore enable it to become the superpower it aspires to become.
Corruption Corruption is one of the most cursed enemies of society and must be eliminated. We all know that corruption is our biggest enemy but can not do anything. Political corruption is the abuse of public power, office or resources by elected officials of the government for personal purposes, such as extortion, solicitation or offering of bribes. offices that keep up by buying votes by passing laws that use taxpayers' money.
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