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Mexico Central Government Institutions . Modern Mexico City. Seat of the national government of Mexico Quintessential primate city One in four Mexicans live in the metropolitan area . The Zócalo: Heart of the Primate City . Political Structure and Institutions.

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modern mexico city
Modern Mexico City
  • Seat of the national government of Mexico
  • Quintessential primate city
  • One in four Mexicans live in the metropolitan area
political structure and institutions
Political Structure and Institutions
  • Nature of the regime? Three-party democracy evolving toward “true” democracy?
    • Hybrid: part-free, part authoritarian
    • Democratic breakthrough election of 2000
  • On paper: a presidential system, three autonomous branches of government with checks and balances, and federalism with considerable autonomy at the local level
  • In practice: decision-making highly centralized; president dominated the legislative and judicial branches
national executive of mexico
National Executive of Mexico
  • Presidential term – 6 years
  • Calderon – won with a plurality of .5% over his nearest rival
  • Immigration to the United States divisive issue
  • Power of drug cartels threatens the legitimacy of his government

Felipe Calderon: President

2006-2012

slide6

Senate

Cámara de Senadores or Senado

  • Composed of 128 senators
    • Two for each of the 31 states
    • two for the Federal District
    • Elected under the principle of relative majority
  • Thirty-two national senators elected at-large
  • At large senators divided among the parties in proportion to their share of the national vote.
senate of mexico
Senate of Mexico
  • Main Senate Chambers at corner of Donceles and Xicotencatl Streets in the historic center of Mexico City.

Party Composition

  • PAN

52 (40.6%)

  • PRD

33 (25.8%)

  • PRI

29 (22.7%)

  • Green

6 (4.7%)

  • Others
  • 8 (6.3%)
chamber of deputies of congreso de la uni n
Chamber of Deputies of Congreso de la Unión
  • Popular legislative branch of the Mexican national government.
  • Structure and responsibilities are defined in the 1917 Constitution
the chamber of deputies
The Chamber of Deputies
  • One "deputy" for every 200,000 citizens.
    • 500 deputies as of 2006 election
  • 300 -directly elected by plurality from single-member districts
  • 200 "party deputies" assigned through proportional representation.
  • PAN
  • 206
  • 41.2%
  • PRD
  • 126
  • 25.2%
  • PRI
  • 104
  • 20.8%
  • Green
  • 19
  • 3.8%
  • Other
  • 45
  • 9%

.

chamber of deputies after 2006 election
Chamber of Deputies after 2006 Election
  • PAN has largest number of deputies
    • Lacks majority
    • Negotiations for alliances under way
  • PRD congressmen more open to cooperating with PAN than is Lopez Obrador
  • Once dominant PRI plays increasingly important role
supreme court of mexico
Supreme Court of Mexico
  • Eleven members
    • President
    • 10 associate justices
  • 15 year terms
  • President nominates three candidates
  • Elected by two-thirds vote of senate
  • Not elgible for second term
establishing the rule of law a work in progress
ESTABLISHING THE RULE OF LAWA Work in Progress
  • Law traditionally enforced to favor powerful and wealthy
  • 1994 Zedillo judicial reforms
    • Power of judicial review expanded
    • Courts kept on short leash
  • Police often are participants in crime rate
  • Violence has increased and people in general don’t feel safe