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Freud and Frankenstein

Freud and Frankenstein

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Freud and Frankenstein

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  1. Freud and Frankenstein Tracing the development of “id, ego, super-ego” in Frankenstein Class 1 周迎

  2. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) • Structural and Topographical Models of Personality

  3. The Id (“It”—本我,指潜意识的最深层,无意识的原始精神能源 ): functions in the irrational and emotional part of the mind The Ego (“I”—自我,自己): functions with the rational part of the mind The Superego (“Over-I”—超我): the moral part of the mind three aspects working together to produce all of our complex behaviors Freud's Id, Ego, & Superego

  4. Id: “want, want, want” /“pleasure principle” • want whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation • only its own satisfaction, with no consideration of anyone else too strong = bound up in self-gratification and uncaring to others

  5. Frankenstein’s creature Frankenstein socially repressed elements of Frankenstein his wish for his mother: replacing his dead mother double

  6. Frankenstein’s creature: comprises of the unacceptable traits of humans (what humans suppress, or should suppress) : villainy, murderous thoughts, revenge, etc • Those traits – Frankenstein had but suppressed

  7. Frankenstein’s Oedipus Complex • William • Elizabeth • Elizabeth • - physically like his mother and had a history like that of his mother • - Frankenstein’s mother took care of her, but then sickened and died P828

  8. Rejecting Elizabeth • Death of Elizabeth • Monster’s words:I shall be with you on your wedding-nightP897 • After receiving the letter from Elizabeth P906 - The letter revived in my memory what I had before forgotten, the threat of the fined- “I shall be with you on your wedding-night” P907 • After Frankenstein’s marriage to Elizabeth: in the inn - She left me, and I continued some time walking up and down the passages of the house P911 Perhapsdeep down Frankenstein wanted to be rid of Elizabeth

  9. Super-ego: the human sense of guilt and conscience • Ego ideal: provides rules for good behavior, and standards of excellence towards which the Ego must strive • Conscience: the rules about what constitutes bad behavior too strong = feels guilty all the time, may even have an insufferably saintly personality

  10. Frankenstein's sense of guilt • The violent, aggressive way Frankenstein creates his monster • A fear of the loss of love, the lose of the source of protection as punishment for one’s sins

  11. After days and nights of incredible labour and fatigue, I succeeded in discovering the cause of generation P833

  12. digging through graveyard at night • dark office • rank odor and filth • I collected bones from charnel houses… • In a solitary chamber, or rather cell, at the top of the house, and separated from all the other apartments by a gallery and staircase, I kept my workshop of filthy creation; my eyeballs were starting from their sockets in attending to the details of my employment. The dissecting room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, whilst, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased, I brought my work near to a conclusion. P834

  13. horrid situation— unhealthy desire • despair

  14. If they knew:Frankenstein=“true murderer” • his father • Clerval • Elizabeth

  15. I thought I saw Elizabeth, in the bloom of health, walking in the streets of Ingolstadt. Delighted and surprised, I embraced her; her features appeared to change, and I thought that I held the corpse of my dead mother in my arms…P836 • Revealing Victor's deep-seated fear of losing his loved ones

  16. References: • Sigmund Freud- Life and Work • Ego, Id, Super-ego • Psychoanalytic Criticism and Frankenstein • Freud and Frankenstein: Tracing the Development of the “Super-Ego” Emily Kay Carson • The Double in Gothic Romance: A Study of The Monk, Frankenstein, “William Wilson”, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and The Picture of Dorian Gray Aya Yatsugi

  17. Thank you!