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Mesothelioma - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mesothelioma. By: Daryl Sams EMT-297 1/05/2009. Objectives. What is Mesothelioma What Mesothelioma does to your lungs How do you get Mesothelioma What is Asbestos Types of Asbestos History of Asbestos Production of Asbestos. Objectives continued…. What was Asbestos used for

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By: Daryl Sams



  • What is Mesothelioma
  • What Mesothelioma does to your lungs
  • How do you get Mesothelioma
  • What is Asbestos
  • Types of Asbestos
  • History of Asbestos
  • Production of Asbestos
objectives continued
Objectives continued…
  • What was Asbestos used for
  • When was asbestos banned
  • Signs and Symptoms of Mesothelioma
  • Treatment for Mesothemlioma
  • Prevention of Mesothelioma
what is mesothelioma
What is Mesothelioma?
  • A form of cancer caused from previous exposure to asbestos.
  • Effects the Mesothelium.
  • Cells in the Mesothelium become abnomal and divide without control or order.
  • It can invade nearby tissues and organs.
how do you get mesothelioma
How do you get Mesothelioma???
  • Mesothelioma is developed by inhalation of asbestos fibers.
  • There is no association between asbestos and smoking.
  • You can get lung cancer by inhalation of asbestos fibers.
  • S/S may not appear for 30-50 years.
  • 3,000 new cases each year.
what is asbestos
What is Asbestos?
  • Asbestos is a mineral.
  • It is naturally occurring.
  • It is a silicate and has long, thin fibrous crystals.
types of asbestos
Types of Asbestos
  • White: Most common, accounts for 95% of all asbestos used in the United States.
  • Brown: Found in Africa, used as a fire retardant.
  • Blue: Found in southern Africa and Australia
history of asbestos
History of Asbestos
  • Named by the Greek for it’s inextinguishable.
  • Became widespread during the industrial revolution.
  • During the 1860’s it was used as insulation in the U.S. and Canada.
  • Was used in the first filtered cigarette from 1952-1956 by “Kent”
production of asbestos
Production of Asbestos
  • In 2005, 2.2 million tons of asbestos was mined worldwide.
  • Russia was the largest producer with 40%.
  • China was second largest producer.
what is asbestos used for
What is Asbestos used for?
  • Joint compound
  • Mud and texture coats
  • Vinyl floor tiles, sheeting, adhesives
  • Roofing tars, felts, siding, and shingles
  • “transite” panels, siding, countertops, and pipes
  • Fireproofing
  • Interior fire doors
what is asbestos used for continued
What is asbestos used for continued…
  • Caulk
  • Gaskets
  • Brake pads and Shoes
  • Clutch plates
  • Stage curtains
  • Fire blankets
  • Fireproof clothing for firefighters
  • Thermal pipe insulation
when was asbestos banned
When was asbestos banned?
  • “Asbestos ban and phase out”
  • July 12, 1989 The EPA issued a final rule.
  • It banned Asbestos in many product, but could still be used in other product.
  • It would also banned any other products from starting to us it.
s s of mesothelioma
S/S of Mesothelioma
  • SOB due to pleural effusion
  • cough
  • Chest wall pain
  • Weight loss
  • Ascites
  • Wheezing, hoarseness, or cough
  • Blood in sputum
treatment for mesothemlioma
Treatment for Mesothemlioma
  • 6-12 months to live after diagnosis
  • Surgery
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Treatment only works by extending life expectancy not by getting rid of it.
what we would do as medic s
What we would do as medic’s…
  • IV TKO
  • Pain Meds
  • Possible Cpap or Intubation
  • Comfort measures
prevention against mesothelioma
Prevention against Mesothelioma
  • Check to see if buildings you are working in has asbestos.
  • It is only dangerous if it gets airborne.
  • Use of SCBA
  • Using commercial washing machine after exposure.