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A System for Teaching Interculture Competence: Classroom Evaluation. Amy Ogan Vincent Aleven, Christopher Jones. C arnegie M ellon U niversity. Tutoring Culture. Example-tracing Tutor Interface.

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A System for Teaching Interculture Competence: Classroom Evaluation

Amy Ogan

Vincent Aleven, Christopher Jones

Carnegie Mellon University

Tutoring Culture

Example-tracing Tutor Interface

Hypothesis: Viewing authentic video with attention-focusing techniques will increase cultural learning

1. Intro screen

Gives information about movie, and context for a short clip

We developed a pseudo-tutor using a new video widget from the CTAT tools to explore the Liddicoat model (1999) of developing intercultural competence:

2. First half of clip

Watch then predict what will happen next and why, compare to home culture

3. Second half of clip

This cycle is advanced through 3 phases of an intervention that combines a pseudo-tutor with an online discussion forum.

Important Questions:

How can computer-based instruction address an ill-defined domain like intercultural competence?

How can we objectively assess inter-cultural competence?

See result, reflect on whether their prediction was correct, list what they did not expect

4. Attention-focusing questions

Answer characterization questions and receive feedback

5. Class discussion board

In Vivo Experiment

Follow up with questions, reflect on cultural differences, stereotypes

Fall Study

A study was just completed in the CMU and Pitt French Online LearnLab courses with 32 students. 3 classroom assignments were organized around themes (immigration, education, employment) with class credit given as incentive. Data analysis is in preliminary stages.

Between subjects, within university

Experimental:Control:

Attention-focusing Same clips, no attention-focusing

Design

Evaluation methods

  • Pre-test with exploratory open questions
  • Discussion board writing
  • Scales: worldmindedness, intercultural anxiety
  • Motivational questionnaire
  • Post-test multiple choice & open synthesis questions
  • Final post-test: “traditional” writing assignment measures individual analytical ability

Developing discussion metrics

Preliminary results

Correctness of post-test multiple choice cultural analysis questions:

Response types more frequently seen in Control group:

Recall: The father may be ignorant to the various groups of people living in France. He incorrectly assumes that anyone appearing to be from a Middle Eastern country is “an Arab”.

Opinion: I agree in America foreigners are treated less than equal sometimes

Response types more frequently seen in Experimental group:

Causal inference: France seem to have an ethnic stereo type against muslims, this could likely be rooted in a culturel distaste for a people whose immigration the french see as an econimic threat.

Cultural comparison: This seems like a likely reason. Some people in the US have stereotypes against Mexican- Americans for this same reason. When there is a problem with unemployment, it seems that anyone who can be targeted as different gets to take the blame.