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The Periodic Table. The Periodic Table. The Table in General. Columns Called groups Elements in a group have similar chemical and physical properties As you go from top to bottom elements get larger Atoms get larger in size. Smallest Element #1. Largest Element #114.

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The table in general
The Table in General

  • Columns

    • Called groups

    • Elements in a group have similar chemical and physical properties

    • As you go from top to bottom elements get larger

      • Atoms get larger in size


Smallest

Element

#1

Largest

Element

#114


The table in general1
The Table in General

  • Rows: (Periods)

    • First elements very active solids

    • Last element non reactive gas


Rows periods
Rows: (Periods)

Reactive

Metallic Solid

Non-Reactive

Non-Metallic Gas


The table in general2
The Table in General

  • Rows: (Periods)

    • Get less reactive as you move from left to right

    • Atoms become less metallic left to right


Rows periods1
Rows: (Periods)

More Reactive

More Metallic

Less Reactive

Less Metallic


1 alkali metals

Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

One electron in the valence shell

Soft less dense metals

Most reactive of all metals

React violently with water to form bases

Never found free (alone) in nature

Found in soap, salt, baking soda

1. Alkali Metals


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals ___________

___________ ___________

___________ ___________

___________ ___________

___________ ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


2 alkaline earth metals
2. Alkaline Earth Metals

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • Two electrons in the valence shell

  • Harder, higher melting point and more dense than Alkali

  • Also highly reactive

  • Never found free in nature


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals ___________

Alkaline Earth ___________

___________ ___________

___________ ___________

___________ ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


3 12 transition elements
3 – 12 Transition Elements

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • One or two valence electrons

  • Good conductors of heat and electricity

  • Higher melting point than either of the first two families

  • Some are hard and brittle

  • Combine with oxygen to form oxides

  • Form brightly colored compounds


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals ___________

Alkaline Earth ___________

Transition ___________

___________ ___________

___________ ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


Rare earth elements
Rare Earth Elements

  • Color all these elements one color label their names and add it to your key

  • 1st row Lanthanide Series: Soft, malleable, high luster, great conductors, used to make alloys (mixed with other elements to gain more desirable properties than the element alone)

  • All elements have very similar properties


Rare earth elements1
Rare Earth Elements

  • Color all these elements one color label their names and add it to your key

  • 2nd row Actinide Series: All but three are synthetic (man made)

  • Best known are Uranium and plutonium which are used as nuclear fuels


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals ___________

Alkaline Earth ___________

Transition ___________

Rare Earth ___________

___________ ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


3 periodic table questions
3 Periodic Table Questions

  • What are rows called?

  • What are columns called?

  • List 2 of the 4 families discussed yesterday


13 boron family
13 Boron Family

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • Three electrons in the valence shell

  • Aluminum is the most abundant metal in earth’s crust


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals ___________

Alkaline Earth ___________

Transition ___________

Rare Earth ___________

Boron Family ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


14 carbon family
14 Carbon Family

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • Four electrons in the valence shell

  • Forms organic compounds (contains carbon)

  • Tin resists oxidation and corrosion

    • Oxidation means to combine with oxygen

    • Corrosion means destruction by chemical reaction

  • Lead is very dense and poisonous


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals Carbon

Alkaline Earth ___________

Transition ___________

Rare Earth ___________

Boron Family ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


15 nitrogen family
15 Nitrogen Family

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • 5 electrons in the outer shell

  • Nitrogen : Most abundant element in earths atmosphere

  • Phosphorus: Match tips

  • Arsenic: rat poison


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals Carbon

Alkaline Earth Nitrogen

Transition ___________

Rare Earth ___________

Boron Family ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


16 oxygen family
16 Oxygen Family

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • 6 electrons in outer shell

  • Oxygen: Very reactive, combines with most other elements, supports burning

  • Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium: brittle, make variety of compounds


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals Carbon

Alkaline Earth Nitrogen

Transition Oxygen

Rare Earth ___________

Boron Family ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


17 halogen family
17 Halogen Family

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • Seven electrons in the valence shell

  • Name comes from two Greek words, Halo Gens, this means- Salt Producing.

  • Most chemically reactive non-metals

  • Never found free in nature

  • As gases form diatomic elements ex: F2, Cl2

  • Combine with metals to form salts ex: NaCl= table salt


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals Carbon

Alkaline Earth Nitrogen

Transition Oxygen

Rare Earth Halogen

Boron Family ___________

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


18 noble gases
18 Noble Gases

  • Color all these elements one color and add it to your key

  • Full Valence (outer electron) shell, He 2 electrons the rest 8 electrons

  • Do not combine with other elements under normal circumstances

  • He- balloons, Ne- signs, Ar- fill in windows, Xe- photographic lamps,

    Rn- Treats cancer


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals Carbon

Alkaline Earth Nitrogen

Transition Oxygen

Rare Earth Halogen

Boron Family Noble Gases

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


Hydrogen all alone
Hydrogen- All alone

  • Color this element one color and add it to your key

  • One valence electron

  • Properties are not like any other group

  • Highly reactive

  • Highly combustible

  • Colorless, gas at room temperature


Periodic Table of the Elements

1- New designation

IA- Original designation

Alkali Metals Carbon

Alkaline Earth Nitrogen

Transition Oxygen

Rare Earth Halogen

Boron Family Noble Gases

18

VIIIA

1

2

IIA

13

IIIA

14

IVA

15

VA

16

VIA

17

VIIA

2

3

3

IIIB

4

IVB

5

VB

6

VIB

7

VIIB

8

9

VIIIB

10

11

IB

12

IIB

4

5

6

7

Rare Earth Elements

Lanthanide Series

Actinide Series


Metalloids draw the step ladder identify the metalloids use spots
Metalloids: Draw the step ladder & identify the metalloids (use spots)

  • Draw in the step ladder and mark the

    Metalloids.


Non metal identify the non metals use stripes
Non-Metal: Identify the non-metals (use stripes) (use spots)

  • Mark the Non-Metals


Family ties review
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines _________________________

  • Horizontal rows________________________

  • Most elements are _______________________

  • Elements on the zigzag are __________________

  • Elements in the top right are _________________

  • 1 electron reactive family____________________

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review1
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows________________________

  • Most elements are _______________________

  • Elements on the zigzag are __________________

  • Elements in the top right are _________________

  • 1 electron reactive family____________________

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review2
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are _______________________

  • Elements on the zigzag are __________________

  • Elements in the top right are _________________

  • 1 electron reactive family____________________

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review3
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are __________________

  • Elements in the top right are _________________

  • 1 electron reactive family____________________

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review4
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are _________________

  • 1 electron reactive family____________________

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review5
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family____________________

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review6
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family____________________

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review7
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family Alkaline Earth

  • 3-12 families______________________________

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review8
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family Alkaline Earth

  • 3-12 families Transition Elements

  • Elements that form salts_____________________

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review9
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family Alkaline Earth

  • 3-12 families Transition Elements

  • Elements that form salts Halogens

  • Elements that do not react___________________

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review10
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family Alkaline Earth

  • 3-12 families Transition Elements

  • Elements that form salts Halogens

  • Elements that do not react Nobel Gasses

  • First row that is pulled out ___________________

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review11
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family Alkaline Earth

  • 3-12 families Transition Elements

  • Elements that form salts Halogens

  • Elements that do not react Nobel Gasses

  • First row that is pulled out Lanthanide Series

  • Second row that is pulled out _________________


Family ties review12
Family Ties Review (use spots)

  • Vertical lines Families

  • Horizontal rows Periods

  • Most elements are Metals

  • Elements on the zigzag are Metalloids

  • Elements in the top right are Non-Metals

  • 1 electron reactive family Alkali Metals

  • 2 electron reactive family Alkaline Earth

  • 3-12 families Transition Elements

  • Elements that form salts Halogens

  • Elements that do not react Nobel Gasses

  • First row that is pulled out Lanthanide Series

  • Second row that is pulled out Actinide Series


Element example

1. Element (use spots)

Chlorine

Element Example

Cl

2. Symbol

35.453

3. Atomic Mass

17

4. Atomic number

17

5. Family

6. Period

3


1. Element __________________ (use spots)

2. Symbol___________________

3. Atomic Mass________________

4. Atomic number______________

5. Family____________________

6. Period____________________

6


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