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Climate Change, Reindeer Herding , and Policy. Brookings Institution 30.01.2013 Marius Warg Næss , PhD ([email protected]). Background. The Norwegian Government aims at developing a Economic Ecologic Cultural Sustainable reindeer husbandry. Temporal trends in abundance.

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climate change reindeer herding and policy
Climate Change, Reindeer Herding, and Policy

BrookingsInstitution30.01.2013

Marius WargNæss, PhD ([email protected])

background
Background
  • The Norwegian Government aims at developing a
    • Economic
    • Ecologic
    • Cultural
  • Sustainablereindeer husbandry
redistribution of pastures
Redistribution of pastures
  • Underlying rationale
    • Fixed boundaries is a prerequisite for achieving a sustainable reindeer husbandry1

1The Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food. (2008). St.prp. nr. 63: Om reindriftsavtalen 2008/2009 og om endringer i statsbudsjettet for 2008 m.m.," pp. 24. In Norwegian

possible consequences
Possible consequences
  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to
    • Increased rangeland degradation
      • Intensified use
possible consequences1
Possible consequences
  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to
    • Increased differences between poor and rich
      • Rich herders have access to more grazing areas
possible consequences2
Possible consequences
  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to
    • Reduced flexibility for dealing with environmental variation
      • Mobility decreases
possible consequences3
Possible consequences
  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to
    • Increased transaction costs
      • Monitoring and fencing
possible consequences4
Possible consequences
  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to
    • Increased levels of conflict
      • Fenced in rangelands precludes negotiation
possible consequences5
Possible consequences
  • Comparative evidence suggest that privatization leads to
    • Erosion of social networks
      • Cooperation is hindered
climate change policy
Climate change & Policy

Thanks for the attention!

[email protected]

  • Climate change
    • Increased environmental variability
  • Official policy
    • Diminishes herders’ ability to respond

Photo: Bård-Jørgen Bårdsen

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