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TH IL ND. A. A. Export Controls : National Experiences. Backdrop of 1 st ISM: Global. Optimism on disarmament : US / Russia commitment towards nuclear-weapon-free world and positive atmosphere and progress in relevant international arenas

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export controls national experiences
THILND

A

A

Export Controls:

National Experiences

backdrop of 1 st ism global
Backdrop of 1st ISM: Global
  • Optimism on disarmament : US / Russia commitment towards nuclear-weapon-free world and positive atmosphere and progress in relevant international arenas
  • Concerns on proliferation : States and non-State actors
backdrop of 1 st ism asean
Backdrop of 1st ISM: ASEAN
  • WMD-free Southeast Asiaenshrined in the ASEAN Charter
  • Increasing interest in nuclear energy for peaceful purposes
  • Address nuclear safety and security in an integrated manner
  • Nuclear safety addressed in AMEM, ASEAN+3, ANSN, FNCA
  • Nuclear safeguard and security addressed in SEANWFZ
thailand chairmanship of seanwfz
Thailand: Chairmanship of SEANWFZ
  • SEANWFZ (Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone)
    • Participated in the Meeting of Focal Points of NWFZ, Mongolia, April 2009
    • Promoting accession by all NWS
    • UNGA Resolution on SEANWFZ at the 64th UNGA
role of ism and arf
Role of ISM and ARF
  • Fill a niche in regional cooperation on WMD non-proliferation
  • Promote policy dialogue on WMD non-proliferation and disarmament
  • Promote coordination and cooperation
  • A forum for consultation, networking and sharing of best practices
thailand commitment to wmd non proliferation
Thailand: Commitment to WMD non-proliferation
  • Party to
    • NPT
    • CWC
    • BWC
    • Safeguard Agreements
  • Signatory to
    • CTBT
    • Additional Protocol
  • Participation in CSI and Megaport Initiative
thailand export controls
Thailand: Export Controls
  • Regulating Legislations
    • Nuclear:
      • The Atomic for Peace Act (1961)
    • Chemical:
      • The Hazardous Substance Act (1992)
    • Biological:
      • Pathogens and Toxins Act (2001)
      • Disease Control Act (1980)
    • Conventional arms:
      • Exportation of Arms, Armament and War Implement Act (1952)
      • The Munitions of War Control Act (1987)
    • Dual-use goods
      • The Export and Import of Goods Act (1979)
thailand export controls1
Thailand: Export Controls
  • Regulating agencies
    • Nuclear: Office of Atoms for Peace, Ministry of Energy
    • Chemical: Department of Industrial Works, Ministry of Industry
    • Biological: Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health
    • Conventional arms: Ministry of Defence
    • Dual-use goods: Department of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Commerce
thailand export controls dual use goods
Thailand: Export Controls (dual-use goods)
  • Compelling reasons for developing export control of dual-use goods
    • Facilitate trade and investment
    • Comply with UNSC Resolutions
    • Prevent transfer of dual-use goods for non-peaceful purposes
thailand export controls dual use goods1
Thailand: Export Controls(dual-use goods)
  • Steps taken
    • Established (March 2008) a working group to setup a dual-use-goods export control system
      • Comprises 14 agencies
      • Both public and private sector
    • national control list (based on EU list) in process of submission to Cabinet
thailand export controls dual use goods2
Thailand: Export Controls(dual-use goods)
  • Steps Taken (2)
    • Establishment of a national export control committee (NECC) in process of submission to Cabinet
    • Once established, NECC will
      • Formulate and review policy and strategy
      • Monitor and oversee development of the national control list, implementation and law enforcement
      • Inter-agency coordination
thailand export controls dual use goods3
Thailand: Export Controls(dual-use goods)
  • Steps Taken (3)
    • Capacity building and Outreach
      • Training for officials / private sector
      • Seminar and industry outreach
      • Visits
thailand export controls2
Thailand: Export Controls
  • Challenges and Constraints
    • Monitoring and control
      • effective coordination mechanism / systematic inter-agencies cooperation required
      • adequate resources and capacity
    • Developing a national export control list
      • determining national tariff nomenclature
    • Private sector’s concerns
      • Speed of licensing procedure
      • misperception on export requirements
thailand export controls3
Thailand: Export Controls
  • Sources of Assistance
    • The United States: Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program, Department of State
    • Japan: Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
thailand export controls4
Thailand: Export Controls
  • Recommendations
    • Capacity building for countries in need
    • Sharing of best practices
    • Development of common control list (may start from ASEAN, based on EU list)
  • Way forward for ISM
    • Develop contact points
    • Develop work plan
    • CSCAP recommendations can be used as inputs
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