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Independence Movements. China: Civil War. Agenda 3/20/14. Warm-up and Review Homework Quiz on World War II Notes on China Civil War Venn Diagram Homework- Reading Guide on Cold War Syrian Civil War. Chinese Civil War (1927-1949).

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independence movements

Independence Movements

China: Civil War

agenda 3 20 14
Agenda 3/20/14

Warm-up and Review Homework

Quiz on World War II

Notes on China Civil War

Venn Diagram

Homework- Reading Guide on Cold War

Syrian Civil War

chinese civil war 1927 1949
Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)
  • 1912 – Nationalists overthrew the Qing dynasty which had ruled China since 1644
  • 1912 – Sun Yixianbecame the President of China (goals – end to foreign control, democracy, and economic security for all Chinese) – ineffective leader
  • 1913 – Yuan Shikai (a powerful general) became President of China – ruled as a military dictator (sparked revolts throughout China – period of instability)
chinese civil war 1927 19491
Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)
  • May 4, 1919 (May Fourth Movement) – After hearing about the Versailles Treaty, many students, workers, manufacturers, shopkeepers, and professionals protested Western influence/democracy in China and opted for Lenin’s brand of Soviet communism
  • While the Communist Party was forming, Sun Yixian and his Nationalist Party set up a government in South China

1911 Revolution

chinese civil war 1927 19492
Chinese Civil War (1927-1949)
  • April 1927 – Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists attacked the Communists in Shanghai
  • 1928 – Chiang Kai-shek became President of the Nationalist Republic of China
  • 1927-1949 – Civil War between Nationalists and Communists
nationalists
Nationalists
  • Leader - Chiang Kai-shek
  • Area Ruled - Southern China
  • Foreign Support - United States
  • Public Support - Weak due to inflation and failing economy
  • Military Organization - Ineffective, corrupt leadership and poor morale
communists
Communists
  • Leader - Mao Zedong
  • Area Ruled -Northern China
  • Foreign Support -Soviet Union
  • Public Support -Strong due to promised land reform
  • Military Organization - Experienced, motivated guerilla army
two chinas emerge
Two Chinas Emerge
  • China had split into two nations – Island of Taiwan (Nationalist China) and the People’s Republic of China (mainland China)
  • Chiang Kai-shek – ruler of Nationalist China
  • Mao Zedong – ruler of People’s Republic of China
great leap forward 1958 1960
Great Leap Forward (1958-1960)
  • abandon the Soviet model of economic development
  • people’s communes
  • •unrealistic output targets
  • industry
  • agricultural and human disaster

Great Leap Forward

cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution
  • Mao’s goal was to get rid of privilege ruling class
  • Mao issued reforms meant to erase all traces of Western Influence

Cultural Revolution

cultural revolution1
Cultural Revolution
  • Mao’s Little Red Book, a collection of teachings on communism, became a popular symbol of the Cultural Revolution
  • The whole plan failed miserably in advancing China socially or economically
after mao s death
After Mao’s Death
  • XengDiapong
  • Took over after Mao’s Death
  • Reformed China’s economy to a market economy
  • Continued communist control of government