Creating the Constitution Ch8 Section 2
Changes to Trade • 1786, delegates meet in Annapolis, Maryland to discuss ways to promote trade among the states. • Delegates believed that national trade laws would help the economies of all the states. • In order for this to happen they would have to amend the Articles of Confederation. • Remember the national government was not granted the power to regulate trade among the states.
Constitutional Convention • On May 25, 1787 a convention was suggested by Alexander Hamilton in Philadelphia and all but Rhode Island would attend this meeting. • 1st order of business was to nominate a president for the convention – George Washington. • 55 delegates were present(many were from their state’s legislatures). • Called Founding Fathers • Missing – Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Patrick Henry
Challenges • 2 plans for the new government • Virginia Plan (James Madison) • Three branches of government • Legislature would have two sections – representatives would be based on state’s population. • Small states objected – power in large states’ hands • New Jersey Plan (William Patterson) • Called for a single house congress • Each state would have equal votes
Great Compromise • Each state would have equal number of votes in the Senate (Satisfied small states) • Representation in the House of Rep. was set according to state population (Satisfied large States) • July 16, 1787 the convention passed the plan.
Slavery Issue • Due to the House of Rep. being based on a state’s population, they had to decide who would be counted. • Southern states had more slaves than the Northern states and they wanted slaves to count. • Three-fifths Compromise – 3/5s of the slave population would be counted for both representation in the legislature and taxation. • September 17, 1787 the delegates passed the Constitution. • Another issue of debate – Slavery was outlawed in several northern states and many Northerners wanted to see this ban extended to the rest of the nation. • South Carolina and Georgia said they would never agree to such a plan • Another compromise – Congress could not ban the slave trade until 1808.