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Should publishers offer OA?. Thomas J. Walker University of Florida. Outline. OA models for publishers Two BioOne publishers that offer OA What BioOne publishers should do. Who benefits from open access?. Researchers Teachers Students The public. Who is afraid of open access?.

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Should publishers offer OA?


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    1. Should publishers offer OA? Thomas J. Walker University of Florida

    2. Outline • OA models for publishers • Two BioOne publishers that offer OA • What BioOne publishers should do

    3. Who benefits from open access? • Researchers • Teachers • Students • The public

    4. Who is afraid of open access? • Most publishers

    5. Open Access models • Author self-archiving

    6. Open Access models • Author self-archiving • OA sold by the article(=“hybrid model”)

    7. PNAS3 Apr 2007 issue $1100 price of OA per article24%(16 of the 68 articles in this issue are OA)

    8. PNAS3 Apr 2007 issue $1100 price of OA per article24%OA All articles freelyweb accessible6 months afterpublication

    9. Citations to articles published in PNAS in last half of 2004 G. Eysenbach. 2006. The open access advantage. J Med Internet Res 8(2).

    10. Open Access models • Author self-archiving • OA sold by the article(=“hybrid model”) • 100% OA

    11. FloridaEntomological Society 100%OA since 1994

    12. Florida Entomological Society • 1993 OA endorsed • 1994 OA via PDF to all articles (1994 forward)

    13. Florida Entomological Society • 1993 OA endorsed • 1994 OA via PDF to all articles (1994 forward) • 1999 OA to complete back-file (1917-1993)

    14. FES: Revenues from library subscriptions

    15. Florida Entomological Society • 1993 OA endorsed • 1994 OA via PDF to all articles (1994 forward) • 1999 OA to complete back file (1917-1993) • 2001 Obligatory OA fees

    16. Florida Entomologist Obligatory OA fees Articles $100 Scientific notes $ 50

    17. FES: Initial year of OA fees

    18. Florida Entomological Society • 1993 OA endorsed • 1994 OA via PDF to all articles (1994 forward) • 1999 OA to complete back file (1917-1993) • 2001 Obligatory OA fees • 2002 OA on BioOne (2002 forward)

    19. FES: Summary of OA revenue effects

    20. Entomological Society of America currently ca. 67% OA

    21. Entomological Society of America • 1995 GB approves OA sales • 1997 GB cancels approval • 1999 GB approves OA sales again • 2000 OA sales begin!

    22. ESA:Percentage of authors buying OA

    23. ESA: Gross revenues from OA sales

    24. How ESA’s hybrid model generated >$74,000 per year • Year No. of OA Average articles price • 550 $143 • 510 $146 • 2006 537 $150 ESA price for OA by the article = 75% of the cost of 100 paper reprints

    25. Current prices of OA by the article Entomological Society of America [ESA](1 to 20 pages)$55 to $314 Annals of the Entomological Society of AmericaJournal of Economic EntomologyEnvironmental EntomologyJournal of Medical Entomology

    26. Current prices of OA by the article Entomological Society of America [ESA](1 to 20 pages)$55 to $314 Annals of the Entomological Society of AmericaJournal of Economic EntomologyEnvironmental EntomologyJournal of Medical Entomology American Society of Limnology and Oceanography [ASLO] $350Limnology and Oceanography Limnology and Oceanography: Methods National Academy of Sciences $1100Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) Company of Biologists $2560Journal of Experimental Biology Development Journal of Cell Science Springer $3000OpenChoice Elsevier $3000Sponsored Article program Taylor & Francis $3100iOpenAccess

    27. What BioOne publishers should do…. • Sell OA to your authors at a fair price

    28. Setting the price of OA by the article • Price too high • Authors/members will recognize the attempt to profiteer • Service will not be profitable

    29. Setting the price of OA by the article • Price too high • Authors/members will recognize the attempt to profiteer • Service will not be profitable • Price too low • So many will buy OA that restricted-access revenues will be threatened

    30. What BioOne publishers should do…. • Sell OA to your authors at a fair price • Provide free access to electronic back-files

    31. Summary Society-based publishers should be fiscally responsiblefacilitators of OA, not opponents. For more on these topics, find my home page (http://tjwalker.ifas.ufl.edu)and click on “Web access to traditionally published journals”