Research Proposal Reviewed by. Mr.Gireesh.G R Assoc. Professror, Dept.MSN, YNC. Presented by. Mr.Shashikumar .J HOD Dept. MSN, YNC.
Learning objectives At the end of the class student will be able to, • define the research proposal • list the functions of a research proposal • describe the Components of a research proposal • apply the knowledge in developing research proposal
Introduction • Research proposals communicate a research problem and proposed methods of solving it. • A written document, specifying what the investigator proposes to study and written before beginning the research. • The content and organization are broadly similar to that for a research report, but proposals are written in the future tense (i.e.,indicating what the researcher will do) and obviously do not include results and conclusions.
Definition Research proposal is a document communicating a research problem, its significance, proposed procedures for solving the problem, and, when funding is sought, how much the study will cost.
Functions of a research proposal 1.Means of opening communication between researchers and other parties. 2.Serve as the basis for negotiating with other parties. 3.Help researchers to clarify their own thinking
Components of research proposal Front Matter •Proposals typically begin with what is referred to as front matter •Orients readers to the study •Typically includes, at a minimum, a cover page that indicates the title of the proposed study and the author’s name and institution.
Title should be given careful thought. • Should be crafted to create a good impression. • Should be concise and informative, but should also be compelling and interesting.
Background of the study • Must strengthen the arguments concerning the significance of the study. • Should orient the reader to what is already known about the problem and how the proposed research will increase that knowledge. • Should have a discussion of highly selective studies which are clearly related to what the investigator proposes to study. • Should be organized as global, national and local concerns on the problem under investigation.
Review of relevant literature A literature review is a search and evaluation of the available literature in your given subject or chosen topic area. It documents the state of the art with respect to the subject or topic you are writing about.
Statement of the problem • Problem statement is an expression of a dilemma or disturbing situation that needs investigation. • Clearly, concisely and precisely articulated • Clearly stating the variables, population and research setting under study • Express variables in measurable terms • The type of study may be included in the statement of research problem. (Type of study, variables, population and setting)
Purpose of the study • A specific research study may have two or more goals. • Purpose should be the expected outcome of the study.
Objectives of the study • Include the specific objectives to be achieved. • Clearly stated in achievable and measurable terms. • Objectives should be formed on the basis of specific questions to be answered. • Bloom’s taxonomy may be referred to, for selecting the verbs.
Hypotheses • Statements of expectations of a researcher on relationships between the variables under his/her study. • A prediction of expected outcomes. • Should be derived on the basis of objectives of the study.
Assumptions • An assumption is a statement whose truth is either considered self-evident or has been satisfactorily established by earlier research. • It is a principle that is accepted as being true based on logic or custom, without proof. • This will act as a foundation of accepted knowledge.
Variables • Variables are qualities, properties, or characteristics of person, things or situations that change or vary. • “Variables are concepts at different level of abstraction that are concisely defined to promote their measurement or manipulation with in study”(Chinn&Kramer) • Dependent variable, Independent variable, Extraneous variable, Confounding variable etc…
Definition of terms • Definitions of important terms must be given. • Each terms should be conceptually defined (mention there reference) then operationalize along with the name of tool and it’s subareas (minimum and maximum score of the tool need not be mentioned).
Conceptual frame work • The framework also should explain the interrelationships among the phenomena under investigation. • Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled in a rational and often explanatory scheme to illuminate relationships among them; is called as conceptual model. Delimitations • Delimitation are choices made by the researcher which should be mentioned. • They describe the boundaries that you have set for the study
Research methodology • The explanation of the research methodology should be thorough enough that readers will have no question about how research objectives will be addressed. • This part should explain clearly and completely the following: •Research approach •Research design •Research setting
•Population, sample, sample size, sampling criteria and sampling technique •Selection and development of study instruments, including validity, pretesting and reliability of the instruments •Plan for pilot study •Plan for data collection •Plan for data analysis
The description of methods should also include a discussion of the rationale for the proposed methods, potential methodologic problems, and intended strategies for handling such problems.
Work plan • This is the plan according to which the various tasks and subtasks will be accomplished by the investigator. • Researchers often describe their proposed plan for managing the flow of work on the project. • Researchers indicate in the work plan the sequence of tasks to be performed, the anticipated length of time required for their completion, and the personnel required for their accomplishment.
Budget • Budgets translate project activities into monetary terms, and are an extremely important part of research proposals requesting financial support. • Budgets are statements of how much money will be required to accomplish the various tasks. • A well conceived work plan greatly facilitates the preparation of the budget. • This should give the proposed expenses towards the investigation in terms of money ,material and manpower.
Ethical considerations • The plan of the investigator to conduct research within the ethical considerations need to be explained.
References & Appendices • Based on any standard format like Vancouver, APA etc..
summary Discussed about • Definition of research proposal • Function of research proposal • Components of research proposal
Conclusion • A research proposal is a written document specifying what a researcher intends to study. • Major components of a research proposal include front matter such as a cover page, an abstract, statement of the problem, background and significance of the problem, specific objectives, methods, and workplan or schedule; proposals written for funding usually also include sections on personnel and facilities and a budget.
Assignment 1) Develop one research proposal
References • Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing Research Principles and Methods. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott’s Williams and Wilkins; 2012.671-692. 2. BT Basavantappa. essentials of nursing research. jayapeebrothers medical publisher. New Delhi. 2010. 365. 3 Sreevani Rental. Basics in nursing research and biostatistics. 1st ed. Jayapee brothers medical publishers. New Delhi. 2019. 325-26. 4.Burns N, Grove SK, Understanding Nursing research: Building evidence based practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders an imprint of Elsevier; 2012. 5. https://www.rlf.org.uk/resources/what-is-a-literature-review/