News and Notes • 2019 Finals Schedule • Wednesday, Jan. 23rd (periods 1,2 and 3) • Thursday, Jan. 24th (Periods 6 and 7) • Unit 3 Test: Imperialism • Imperialism Workbook Due • Semester 1 Vocab Test • Last chance to retake Russian/Chinese Rev. Test
How to retake Russian/Chinese Rev. Test? • 1. Complete Workbook 100% • Including Unit overview • 2. Review • Interact with notes • Review Quizlet on my website • Watch Review videos • 3. Review with me • Don’t wait until the last minute
Imperialism: Rate the BelievabilityPg. 5 • Rate the following statement on a scale of believability: 4= totally happened 1 = unbelievable/no way. Be ready to justify your response.
In the nineteenth century … • 1. A British army faced a Sudanese army twice its size. The British won the battle, losing only 48 men while killing 10,000.
2. Mountains of guano (bird droppings), sold to Europeans, created an unprecedented class of millionaires in Peru.
3. The King of Belgium ran a private rubber-collecting company in the Congo that secretly killed 8 million people.
4. England ruled India by committing only one soldier per 10,000 Indian subjects.
5. Three out of ten people in southern China became addicted to opium as a result of British merchants illegally shipping it there from India.
6. British railway builders in East Africa provoked the biggest killing spree by lions in history: two lions killed 135 men.
7. The British Customs Department grew an impenetrable hedge across India to prevent the smuggling of salt. This hedge, made mostly of thorny bushes, was from ten to fourteen feet high and from six to twelve feet deep. It stretched 2,504 miles and was guarded by nearly 12,000 men.
8. The biggest holes in the world were dug by hand in South Africa. One was over 2.5 miles wide and 720 feet deep. It yielded thousands of pounds of diamonds.
Deep Thoughts • I believe in the concept of “Survival of the Fittest.” The strong should succeed and the weak should fail! Agree Disagree
Deep Thoughts • I believe that if my way of life is better than someone else’s then I need to make them believe like me. Agree Disgree
Deep Thoughts • I don’t believe that there are limits to what I will do to try and improve some’s life. Agree Disagree
Essential Question • What is “Imperialism” and how were people motivated to spread their “influence” all over the world?
Imperialism: Definition • 1. One large (core) state’s control and manipulation of the political, economic, and social life of the weaker (peripheral) states for personal benefit • 2. One large (core) state’s political, economic, and social assistance and support for people of less developed states for mutual benefit. • Who might subscribe to each of these definition?
Age of Imperialism • 1800 – 1914 • Industrial Revolution to Start of WWI
Causes of Imperialism (3 G’s) • 1. Political Factors (Glory) • Nationalism lead to competition to build empires in quest for greater power. • European Powers: Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, USA • Each wanted to be bigger, better, and more powerful than the other
Causes of Imperialism cont’d • Europeans saw new opportunities to make a name for themselves overseas. • Territories needed strong, moral, EUR leadership • Thousands left to gain riches and power overseas
Causes of Imperialism • 2. Economic Factors (Gold) • The Industrial Revolution created a huge demand for raw materials • Africa = Rubber, Copper, Gold, Diamonds • India= Cotton, Jute, tea • SE Asia = Tin • Americas = Tropical Fruits, Gold • Needed new markets for their goods
Causes of Imperialism • 3. Social Factors (God) • Religious fervor and racial superiority inspired conquest • Catholic and Protestant missionaries • Social Darwinism • The White Man’s Burden
Controlling Lands • Direct Rule • Area is controlled by colonial officials • Indirect Rule • Area maintains their own leaders, but those leaders work for the colonial officials
Test Quests (if time allows) • In the space below write 3 test questions based on the information that we leaned today.