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Freedom of Expression. Aurora Fulp 3/24/14 4 th Period. http://happypress.org/gutenbergs-printing-press-invention/. 1450-Invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany. http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/savonarola.html.

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Freedom of Expression


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freedom of expression

Freedom of Expression

Aurora Fulp

3/24/14

4th Period

http happypress org gutenbergs printing press invention
http://happypress.org/gutenbergs-printing-press-invention/
  • 1450-Invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany
http www historyguide org intellect savonarola html
http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/savonarola.html
  • 1498-Girolamo Savonarola, Florentine preacher is burned along with his works in an act of censorship on the part of the Catholic Church.
http www ccel org browse authorinfo id luther
http://www.ccel.org/browse/authorInfo?id=luther
  • 1517-Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses
  • 1520-The Catholic Church in ExsurgeDomineattempts to force Luther to recant his statements
  • 1521-Diet of Worms
http www bbc co uk history people william tyndale
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/william_tyndale
  • 1536-William Tyndale executed for heresy after his printing of a version of both the Old and New Testaments in English, the first in that language.
http www fordham edu halsall mod indexlibrorum asp
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/indexlibrorum.asp
  • 1559-First publishing of the Index LibrorumProhibitorum, a list of books banned by the Catholic Church.
https libcom org blog witch hunts transition capitalism 20122011
https://libcom.org/blog/witch-hunts-transition-capitalism-20122011https://libcom.org/blog/witch-hunts-transition-capitalism-20122011
  • 1500s-1600s-Witchhunts were carried out throughout Europe in an act of censorship of women and others who did not necessarily fit into the mold of how others (mainly religious and superstitious people) felt they should behave.
http www biography com people galileo 9305220
http://www.biography.com/people/galileo-9305220
  • 1633-The Catholic Church bans Galileo’s work on science and the center of the solar system as it disagrees with their doctrines.
http www brysons net miltonweb aeropagitica html
http://www.brysons.net/miltonweb/aeropagitica.html
  • 1643-English Parliament passes a Licensing Order, thus bringing under their control publishing via a group of official censors to whom authors must submit their work prior to publishing it, John Milton protests
slide10
http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/educator-resources/americapedia/americapedia-documents/english-bill-of-rights/http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/educator-resources/americapedia/americapedia-documents/english-bill-of-rights/
  • 1689-The English Bill of Rights guarantees freedom of speech in Parliament
http oregonstate edu instruct phl302 philosophers locke html
http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/locke.htmlhttp://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/locke.html
  • 1689-John Locke’s A Letter Concerning Toleration promotes freedom of speech, but not necessarily for atheists.
http en wikipedia org wiki sankt peterburgskie vedomosti
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sankt-Peterburgskie_Vedomosti
  • 1703-Russia’s first printed newspaper appears by order of Peter the Great, greatly controlled and contributed to by said tsar.
http oll libertyfund org titles liggio literature of liberty october december 1979 vol 2 no 4
http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/liggio-literature-of-liberty-october-december-1979-vol-2-no-4http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/liggio-literature-of-liberty-october-december-1979-vol-2-no-4
  • 1720-23-A series of letters entitled Cato’s Letters were published in the British press anonymously calling for greater freedoms of expression.
http www autotourseurope com tours detail discover denmark norway and sweden
http://www.autotourseurope.com/tours/detail/discover_denmark,_norway_and_swedenhttp://www.autotourseurope.com/tours/detail/discover_denmark,_norway_and_sweden
  • 1766-Sweden abolishes censorship, establishes freedom of the press.
  • 1770-Denmark-Norway abolishes censorship.
http www biography com people catherine ii 9241622
http://www.biography.com/people/catherine-ii-9241622
  • 1767-Catherine the Great of Russia endorses a degree of freedom of expressions in her Nakaz (Great Instruction)
http www gilderlehrman org sites default files swf lapidus lapidus php
http://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/swf/lapidus/lapidus.phphttp://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/swf/lapidus/lapidus.php
  • 1789-Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens in France makes use of liberal thoughts towards freedom of speech and of the press.
http www pictfor org uk
http://www.pictfor.org.uk/
  • 1817-In response to political unrest and a disturbance near London, Parliament passes the Coercion Acts and suspends habeas corpus, simultaneously extending laws against ‘seditious gatherings’.
http en wikipedia org wiki carlsbad decrees
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlsbad_Decrees
  • 1819-The Carlsbad Decrees are issued, severely censoring the press and forbidding the organization of student groups, particularly liberal ones, in an attempt to squash nationalism and liberalism.
http www historyhome co uk c eight distress cato htm
http://www.historyhome.co.uk/c-eight/distress/cato.htm
  • 1819-The Six Acts are passed in British Parliament, eliminating any right to assembly and increasing both the fines for seditious libel and the tax on newspapers.
http russiapedia rt com prominent russians the romanov dynasty nicholas i
http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/the-romanov-dynasty/nicholas-i/http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/the-romanov-dynasty/nicholas-i/
  • 1825-Nicholas I becomes tsar of Russia, and an age of political censorship along with secret surveillance throughout the country begins.
http historywarsweapons com charles x of france
http://historywarsweapons.com/charles-x-of-france/
  • 1830-Charles X of France passes the Four Ordinances, heavily limiting freedom of the press and only allowing franchise to the wealthiest citizens of the country.
http chnm gmu edu worldhistorysources unpacking newsmod html
http://chnm.gmu.edu/worldhistorysources/unpacking/newsmod.htmlhttp://chnm.gmu.edu/worldhistorysources/unpacking/newsmod.html
  • Mid to late 1800s-The advent of cheaper printing and improved education enabled the wide circulation and reading of many newspapers, with even the lower classes enjoying some awfully written rags.
http russiapedia rt com prominent russians the romanov dynasty alexander iii the peacemaker
http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/the-romanov-dynasty/alexander-iii-the-peacemaker/http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/the-romanov-dynasty/alexander-iii-the-peacemaker/
  • 1881-1894-Alexander III of Russia ruled, during which time censorship of the press in Russia and its territories was tightened even more.
http womenineuropeanhistory org index php title bloody sunday
http://womenineuropeanhistory.org/index.php?title=Bloody_Sundayhttp://womenineuropeanhistory.org/index.php?title=Bloody_Sunday
  • 1905-A mass killing of petitioners marching on the Winter Palace in Russia leads to the Revolution of 1905
slide25
https://edoc.coe.int/en/european-convention-on-human-rights/5579-european-convention-on-human-rights.htmlhttps://edoc.coe.int/en/european-convention-on-human-rights/5579-european-convention-on-human-rights.html
  • 1953-The European Convention on Human Rights comes into effect, with Article 10 guaranteeing the right to freedom of expression.
http content time com time covers 0 16641 19630628 00 html
http://content.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19630628,00.html
  • 1966-Index LibrorumProhibitorum is revoked, 18 years after the final edition was published.
bibliography
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