World War II. Introduction to WWII and the Holocaust. Basic Information. Early 1930s: rise of Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler Axis powers: Germany, Italy, Japan WWII started in Europe with the German invasion of Poland (1939) and in the Pacific with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)
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Introduction to WWII and the Holocaust
From my mother’s sleep I fell into the State,
And I hunched in its belly till my wet fur froze.
Six miles from earth, loosed from its dream of life,
I woke to black flak and the nightmare fighters.
When I died they washed me out of the turret with a hose.
A ball turret was a plexiglass sphere set into the belly of a B-17 or B-24, and inhabited by two .50 caliber machine guns and one man. When this gunner tracked with his machine guns a fighter attacking his bomber from below, he revolved with the turret; hunched upside down in his little sphere, he looked like the fetus in the womb. The fighters which attached him were armed with cannon firing explosive shells. The hose was a steam hose.
~ Randall Jerrell
Using what you know about Randall Jerrell, is this passage a primary or secondary source?
“This is what I say to the young Jewish boy wondering what I have done with his years. It is in his name that I speak to you and that I express to you my deepest gratitude. No one is as capable of gratitude as one who has emerged from the Kingdom of Night. We know that every moment is a moment of grace, every hour is an offering; not to share them would mean to betray them. Our lives no longer belong to us alone; they belong to all those who need us desperately.”