GOVERNANCE SECRETARIAT - ZAMBIA Country-led Governance Assessment: Sharing Experience and Increasing Political Accountability 02-05 November 2009 Windhoek, Namibia PRESENTATION ON GOVERNANCE ASSESSMENTS FOR MONITORING NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS - CHALLENGES FACING THE USE OF NATIONAL STATISTICAL OFFICES By VANNY HAMPONDELA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Monitoring and Evaluation/Information Specialist Governance Secretariat Zambia
Need for National Development Plans • To guide Development • To identify priority needs • To optimise the use of resources
Governance Assessments for Monitoring National Development Plans (NDPs) • To facilitate effective reporting, the Governance Monitoring is paramount. • To track progress on the implementation of programmes and activities in the NDP. • To provide management and other stakeholder with information aimed at assessing the performance of the nation on Governance. • To enable centralising of governance data for easy retrieval and analysis by users. • To guide management on areas that need adjustment as well as supplementary or reduction of resources.
Zambia’s experience on Monitoring of Governance under the National Development Plan • The Government of the Republic of Zambia launched the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) for 2006-2010. • One of the key components of the plan is the governance programme which concentrates on implementation of 5 components:
Components of Governance in FNDP • Administration of Justice • Constitutionalism • Democratisation • Human Rights • Accountability and Transparency
Vision for Zambia “to become a middle income country by 2030.” Governance vision “total adherence to principles of good governance by 2030.”
Governance Programme Document (2006-10) Detailing Governance Chapter • In order to outlines the details of implementation of the FNDP, the Governance Secretariat (GS) prepared a Governance Programme Document (GPD) to guide implementation strategies.
Institutions under Governance Chapter of FNDP • The Governance chapter (31) of the FNDP identifies fifteen (15) institutions that will undertake the implementation of the Governance programmes: • The identified institutions deal with various aspects of governance.
Institutions under Governance Chapter of FNDP a) The Human Rights Commission; b) Police Public Complaints Authority; c) National Assembly of Zambia; d) Anti-Corruption Commission; e) Commission for Investigations; f) Judicial Complaints Authority; g) Office of the Auditor-General; h) Judiciary; i) Ministry of Justice; j) Central Statistical Office; k) Directorate of Public Prosecutions; l) Legal Aid Board; m) Electoral Commission of Zambia; n) Office of the Vice President (Parliamentary Business Division) ; and o) Ministry of Finance and National Planning
OTHER GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONS • Since governance is a crosscutting issue, there are many other institutions that deal with governance matters (but are not specifically under chapter 31 of FNDP). Some of them are as follows: • Decentralisation Secretariat • Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Services • Gender in Development Division • Public Safety and Order • Ministry of Youth and Child development • Min of Community Development & Social Services • Civil Society Organisations
Governance Secretariat Governance Monitoring and Evaluation Committee Access to Justice Committee Human Rights, Constitutionalism and Democratisation Committee Accountability and Transparency Committee Governance Institutions HOW DO WE GET ALL GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED? Formation of committees under GSAG: Governance Sector Advisory Group (GSAG)
Challenges facing the use of National Statistics Offices • Field of Governance is alien to many developing countries. Low understanding of Governance terminologies • Most National Statistics Offices do not have insight on Governance issues. • Low capacities to formulate governance indicators effectively. • Inadequate resources for collection of data (survey) – Surveys are not done on schedule
Situation on supply of Governance information MoJ MoCDSS ACC MoFNP GIDD JCA CFI Province NAZ MoHCW etc PPCA MoLSS MoLGH OAG CO CSO
M&E Frame work Covenants and Conventions Charters and Conventions State ofGovernance Reports JCA CSO ECZ OVP NAZ CO MoLSS MoLGH GIDD OAG Survey MoJ MoCDSS MoFNP ACC CFI PPCA Desired Situation for Governance Assessment Framework .
Advantages of using National Statistics Offices • Easy institutionalisation of the process. • Legally authorised institution to conduct surveys in the nation. (The Central Statistical Office (CSO) is the only Institution mandated under the Census and Statistics Act, Chapter 127 to produce official statistics for the country). • Experience in logical flow and formulation of survey questions. • NSOs understand the local environment better than outsiders. • Coverage of lager samples during surveys • Centralisation of governance data.
CONCLUSION • Governance Assessment should be everyone’s concern in order to establish vibrant National Statistics Offices. • Since Governance is a new territory for most African countries, there is need for capacity building in order for officers to understand handle its monitoring effectively.