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Secondary Assessment. They’re breathing and have a pulse, now what do I do?. Secondary Assessment. After the initial assessment, conduct a secondary assessment Do a head-to-toe exam for a conscious adult and a toe-to-head exam for an infant/child. DVD Segment: Secondary Assessment.

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secondary assessment

Secondary Assessment

They’re breathing and have a pulse, now what do I do?

secondary assessment1
Secondary Assessment
  • After the initial assessment, conduct a secondary assessment
  • Do a head-to-toe exam for a conscious adult and a toe-to-head exam for an infant/child
use sample as an easy way to remember the questions for secondary exam
Use SAMPLE as an easy way to remember the questions for secondary exam
  • S – Signs and symptoms
  • A – Allergies
  • M – Medications
  • P – Pertinent past medical history
  • L – Last oral intake
  • E – Events leading up to the incident
sudden illness
Sudden Illness
  • Victims of sudden illness generally look and feel ill
  • Check victim and look for medical ID bracelet
  • Do not be afraid to ask questions
  • Condition can worsen if nothing is done
sudden illness1
Sudden Illness
  • Diabetic emergency
  • Seizure in the water
  • Stroke
  • Fainting
  • Poisoning
  • Insect stings
  • Snake and spider bites
wounds
Wounds
  • Injury to soft tissue is called a wound
  • Internal bleeding: skin’s surface is not broken and there is damage below the surface
  • External bleeding: break in the skin’s surface
shock
Shock
  • Any serious injury/illness can cause shock
  • Shock is a natural reaction by the body and means the condition is serious
shock1
Shock
  • Signs and symptoms…
    • Restlessness/irritability
    • Altered levels of consciousness
    • Pale/ashen
    • Cool/moist skin
    • Excessive thirst
    • Nausea
shock2
Shock
  • How to care for shock…
    • Call 911
    • Monitor ABC’s
    • Control bleeding
    • Raise legs 12 inches
    • Keep comfortable
    • Reassure
heat related emergencies
Heat-Related Emergencies
  • Heat Cramps: muscle spasms that occur in the legs and abdomen
  • Heat Exhaustion: early indicator that body’s cooling system is shutting down

- Headache/nausea/dizzy

- Heavy sweating

  • Heat stroke: Body’s system is overwhelmed

- Red/hot/dry skin

- Vomiting

- Changes in consciousness

cold related emergencies
Cold-Related Emergencies
  • Frostbite: Freezing of body parts exposed to the cold
  • Hypothermia: Entire body is cooled
cold related emergencies1
Cold-Related Emergencies
  • Frostbite…
      • Loss of feeling in affected area
      • Skin may appear waxy, cold or discolored
      • Does NOT have to be extermely cold for someone to suffer a cold-related emergenciy, especially if they are wet or if it is windy