Capítulo 4A¿Adónde vas? Where are you going? (To where do you go?)
Chapter Objectives • Talk about locations in your community • Discuss leisure activities • Talk about where you go and with whom • Learn how to ask questions • Understand cultural perspectives on leisure activities
Francisco de Goya(1746-1828) • Francisco José de Goya was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and as the first of the moderns. • Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown. The imaginative element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, was influential in the work of later artists, like ÉdouardManet and Pablo Picasso.
Goya was famous for painting portraits – especially of royalty. • Turn to your shoulder partner and answer this question: Why do you think people paid him money for painting their portrait? • Old-fashioned photography didn’t really start until around 1840 and modern photography until 1885.
Carlos IV (Charles IV) who was king of Spain from 1788 – 1808. Jeffery Jones in the movie “Amadeus” (he was the principal in Ferris Bueller’s Day Off).
His portraits are notable for their lack of flattery. In the case of Charles IV of Spain and His Family, some Modern interpreters feel that this portrait (next slide) is a satire; it is thought to reveal the corruption present under Carlos IV. • Turn to your shoulder partner and discuss what is meant by “satire”? • Satire: a work that holds up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn. • Under his reign, his wife Louisa was thought to have had the real power, which is why she is placed at the center of the group portrait. From the back left of the painting you can see the artist himself looking out at the viewer– the first “selfie!”
In his painting, “El tres de mayo 1808” Goya sought to commemorate Spanish resistance to Napoleon's armies during the occupation of 1808. • The painting's content, presentation, and emotional force secure its status as groundbreaking. Before this, such paintings were not done. • According to the art historian Kenneth Clark, The Third of May 1808 is "the first great picture which can be called revolutionary in every sense of the word, in style, in subject, and in intention.”
Turn to your partner and discuss why this painting was “groundbreaking” and perhaps different from previous ones? • Goya was a soulful and intense artist that created art in many mediums and despite his own physical and mental health issues, continued painting up until his death in 1828. • Some of his later works were considered very dark and may have reflected his own mental state. • Turn to your shoulder partner and before seeing it, what do you think “Los disastres de la guerra” means? If you do know, don’t tell anyone around you!
In closing… Why do you think so many painters have come from Latin America? Can you name one or more famous painter we have studied from any of our previous chapters? Can you name one famous painter from the United States?
Vocabulario del capítulo 4A la biblioteca - library el café - café el campo - countryside el centro comercial - mall el cine – movie theater la casa – house en casa – at home
el parque - park el gimansio - gym las montañas - mountains la piscina – pool el alberca - pool la playa - beach el restaurante - restaurant
la sinagoga - synagogue la mezquita - mosque la iglesia - church el templo - temple el trabajo - work
To tell where you go… • a – to (preposition) • a la, al (a+el) to the… • Vamos a la playa (feminine noun). • Vamosal cine (masculine noun). • What other preposition have we learned already where the masculine version has a contraction and the feminine one does not? • ¿Adónde? – (to) Where? • a casa – (to) home • en casa – at home
To tell with whom you go… • ¿Con quién? – With whom? • con mis / tus amigos – with my/your friends • solo, a – alone • sólo – only • solamente
To talk about when things are done • ¿Cuándo? – When? • después – afterwards • después de – after • los fines de semana – on weekends • los lunes, los martes… - on Mondays, on Tuesdays… • tiempolibre – free time
Ways to remember… los días de la semana • Lazy lunes Monday • Monkeys martes Tuesday • Make miércoles Wednesday • Jokes jueves Thursday • Very viernes Friday • Silly and sábado Saturday • Dumb domingo Sunday • ¡OJO! The days of the week in Spanish are Monday through Sunday and are NOT capitalized unless at the beginning of a sentence!
To talk about leisure activities • ir de compras – to go shopping • verunapelícula – to see a movie • la lección de piano – piano lesson • Me quedo en casa – I stay at home
Más vocabulario… • ¿De dóndeeres? – Where are you from? • de – from / of • generalmente – generally • normalmente – normally • ¡No me digas! – You don’t say! • para + infinitive – in order to + infinitive
IR – it’s not just an ending… but a VERB too! • ir – to go • yovoynosotrosvamos • túvasvosotrosvais • Ud. vaUds. van él / ellaellos / ellas
Little reminder… • When you use the verb “deber” you must use an infinitive after it- just like “para.” • Debescomerbuena comida paramantener la salud. • Debocaminarparaestarsaludable.