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Primate Classification. P rimates – monkeys, lemurs, gorillas, chimps, humans, etc. Primates cont. Family Hominoidea (hominid) – great apes (gorilla, orangutans, chimps & bonobos), humans (living and extinct) Hominins – chimps, bonobos, and humans (living and extinct)

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Primate classification
Primate Classification

Primates – monkeys, lemurs, gorillas, chimps, humans, etc.


Primates cont
Primates cont.

  • Family Hominoidea (hominid)– great apes (gorilla, orangutans, chimps & bonobos), humans (living and extinct)

  • Hominins – chimps, bonobos, and humans (living and extinct)

  • Genus Homo – the humans


Primates
Primates

  • hair or fur

  • warm-blooded

  • live young

  • suckle

  • infant dependence

  • social life

  • play

  • observation and imitation

  • pecking order

Common Primate Traits


Primate family tree
Primate Family Tree

Orangutan

Crown lemur


Hominin evolution
Hominin Evolution

  • Homo habilis (2.0 – 1.6mya)

  • H. erectus (1.9-70kyBP)

  • H. neanderthalensis (300-30kyBP)

  • H. sapiens (200kyBP – present)

  • ~ 20 different homo species

  • Human evolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scale: Millions of Years BP



Homo heidelbergensis
Homo heidelbergensis

  • Africa into Europe

  • 500 000 – 300 000 yrs BP

  • primitive form of language

  • similar tools/fire as H. erectus

  • evolved into H. neandertalensis in Europe

  • evolved into H. sapien in Africa


Homo sapiens
Homo sapiens

  • Archaic – 200,000 to 35,000 years BP

    • Homo sapiens

  • Modern – 35,000 years BP to present

    • Anatomically modern

    • Homo sapiens sapiens


Modern homo sapiens
Modern Homo Sapiens

  • Multiregional Model

    • Humans evolved more or less simultaneously across the entire Old World from several ancestral populations.

  • Rapid-Replacement Model (Out of Africa)

    • Humans evolved only once--in Africa --and then migrated throughout the Europe and Asia, replacing their ancestors

    • mDNA evidence supports this