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Author’s Purpose Notes. Author’s Purpose = why he/she is writing, what he/she is trying to achieve . Can be more than one, but usually one main purpose Examples : To inform or explain To persuade , convince To express thoughts/ feelings To entertain. How do you figure it out?.

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author s purpose why he she is writing what he she is trying to achieve
Author’s Purpose= why he/she is writing, what he/she is trying to achieve
  • Can be more than one, but usually one main purpose


  • To inform or explain
  • To persuade, convince
  • To express thoughts/ feelings
  • To entertain
how do you figure it out
How do you figure it out?


  • Who is the audience?
  • What does the author want to happen?
  • What choices did he/she make with subject, tone, diction, details, and words?

Author’s Perspective= the lens through which a writer looks at a topic, influenced by their values, experiences, feelings

  • Think about focus, word choice, tone

Organization and Format= how the writing is set up

Common patterns=




Use text features to help understand a topic= captions, headings, boldfaced type



describes events in time order

  • Used to explain events in easy-to-follow way
  • Used to tell a suspenseful story
  • Look for signal words such as “before,” “finally,” “first,” “next,” “then”


shows similarities/ differences between subjects

  • Used to show benefits of one subject over another
  • Used to compare an unfamiliar subject with a familiar one
  • Look for signal words like “also,” “and,” “but,” “in contrast”, “unlike”, “while”

Cause and effect= explains the results of

an action, how one event leads to another,

explains why something happened

  • Signal words: “consequently,”

“contributed, ”“ as a result,” “therefore”

Page Turner


Classification: Organizing information by categories or groups

  • Signal words: “ divide”, “characteristics,” “elements,” “groups”

See pages 4-10, Table of Contents