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HIV/STD Epidemiology in Oklahoma. HIV/STD Service Division of Prevention and Preparedness Oklahoma State Department of Health. Cumulative HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma. HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma. As of December 31, 2010, 8,462 cases had been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma:

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hiv std epidemiology in oklahoma

HIV/STD Epidemiology in Oklahoma

HIV/STD Service

Division of Prevention and Preparedness

Oklahoma State Department of Health

hiv aids in oklahoma
HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma
  • As of December 31, 2010, 8,462 cases had been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma:
    • 4,908 were living with HIV and/or AIDS
    • 3,013 were HIV infections and 5,449 were AIDS cases
    • 85.3% were male, while 14.7% were female.
  • Since 1982, 3,554 deaths were among people diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, 86 of these deaths occurred in 2010.
  • In 2010, 208 HIV cases and 92 AIDS cases reported.
hiv aids in oklahoma1
HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma
  • By Age Group (Age at Diagnosis):
    • 30-39 years (3,213; 38.0%),
    • 20-29 years (2,652; 31.3%),
    • 40-49 years (1,582; 18.7%),
    • 50-59 years (508; 6%),
    • 13-19 years (224; 2.7%), and
    • All other ages (less than 3%).
  • By Race:
    • Whites (5,441; 64.4%)
    • Blacks (1,794; 21.2%)
    • American Indian/Alaska Natives (536; 6.3%)
    • Hispanics (504; 6.0%)
    • Asian/Pacific Islander (46; 0.5%)
  • By Risk:
    • Approximately 2/3 of all cases were Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) or MSM and Injection Drug Use (IDU).
new hiv aids cases in 2010
New HIV/AIDS Cases in 2010
  • 300 cases of HIV/AIDS were diagnosed in 2010:
    • HIV: 208
    • AIDS : 92
  • From 2006-2010:
    • There was a downward trend in AIDS cases (from 188 to 92 cases), and a
    • Upward trend in newly diagnosed HIV (not AIDS) cases (from 157 to 208 cases).
  • Of the 86 deaths in 2010, 11 were diagnosed and died in the same year.
hiv aids in oklahoma by sex
HIV/AIDS in Oklahoma by Sex

Males account for:

  • 49.5% of Oklahoma population
  • 83% of new HIV/AIDS cases
  • Newly diagnosed rate of 13.4 per 100,000

Females account for:

  • 50.5% of Oklahoma population
  • 17% of new HIV/AIDS cases
  • Newly diagnosed rate of 2.7 per 100,000
slide8

New HIV/AIDS by Age

  • 20-29 years: 35.0% (105 cases)
  • 30-39 years: 25.7% (77 cases)
  • 40-49 years: 22.0% (66 cases)
  • 50-59 years: 10.0% (30 cases)
  • 60-69 years: 3.3% (10 cases)
  • Teenagers (13-19 years):

3.0% (9 cases)

  • Children (12 and younger): 1.0% (3 cases)
new hiv aids cases by race
New HIV/AIDS Cases by Race
  • Whites (72.2% of OK population)
    • 46% of new HIV/AIDS cases
    • Newly diagnosed rate of 5.1 per 100,000
  • Blacks (7.4% of OK population)
    • 35% of new HIV/AIDS cases
    • Newly diagnosed rate of 37.8 per 100,000 (7 times higher than Whites)
  • Hispanics (8.9% of OK population)
    • 8% of new HIV/AIDS cases
    • Newly diagnosed rate of 7.2 per 100,000 (1.4 times higher than Whites)
  • AI/AN (8.6% of OK population)
    • 7% of new HIV/AIDS cases
    • Newly diagnosed rate of 6.5 per 100,000
new hiv aids cases in oklahoma among msm
New HIV/AIDS Cases in Oklahoma among MSM
  • Race:
    • Whites (51.9%)
      • 3.0 cases per 100,000
    • Blacks (32.7%)
      • 18.4 cases per 100,000
  •  Age Groups:
    • 20-29 years (67, 42.9%)
    • 30-39 years (36, 23.1%)
    • 40-49 years (30, 19.2%)
    • 50-59 years (14, 9.0%)
    • Teenagers 13-19 years

(7, 4.5%)

new hiv aids cases in oklahoma among heterosexuals
New HIV/AIDS Cases in Oklahoma among Heterosexuals
  • Second largest transmission group (63, 21%).
  • Age Groups:
    • 20-29 years (20, 31.7%)
    • 30-39 years (19, 30.2%)
    • 40-49 years (13, 20.6%)
    • 50-59 years (7, 11.1%)
    • 60 and over (4, 6.3%)
  • Racial and Ethnic Groups:
    • Blacks (105 cases, 44%, 10.1 per 100,000)

(14 times the rate of Whites)

    • Whites (18 cases, 28.6%, 0.7 cases per 100,000)
    • Hispanics (9 cases, 14.3%, 2.7 cases per 100,000)
    • Asian/Pacific Islanders

(3 cases, 4.8%, 4.3 cases per 100,000)

    • AI/AN and Multiple Race not released due to confidentiality concerns.
deaths among hiv aids cases in oklahoma1
Deaths among HIV/AIDS Cases in Oklahoma
  • There has been a total of 3,554 deaths among persons diagnosed with HIV/AIDS :
    • HIV: 461
    • AIDS: 3,049
  • 42% of Oklahomans diagnosed with HIV/AIDS were classified as dead by the end of 2010.
  • Deaths of persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection may be due to any cause.
deaths among hiv aids cases in oklahoma2
Deaths among HIV/AIDS Cases in Oklahoma
  • By Sex:
    • Males: 88.7%
    • Females: 11.3%
  • By Risk:
    • MSM (1,969; 55.4%)
    • IDU (458; 12.9%)
    • MSM & IDU (441; 12.4%)
    • Hetero (375; 10.6%)
    • NRR (199; 5.6%)
    • Blood Products (98; 2.8%)
    • Perinatal (14; 0.4%)
  • By Race/Ethnicity:
    • Whites (2,528; 71.1%)
    • Blacks (624; 17.6%)
    • AI/ANs (241; 6.8%)
    • Hispanics (123; 3.5%)
    • Multiple Races (28; 0.8%)
    • Asian/PI (10; 0.3%)
deaths among hiv aids cases in oklahoma3
Deaths among HIV/AIDS Cases in Oklahoma
  • In 2010, 86 deaths occurred at a rate of 2.3 deaths per 100,000.
  • 16 occurred within one year of HIV diagnosis (11 diagnosed in 2010).
  • Males accounted for 87.2%, while females accounted for 12.8% of deaths.
oklahoma chlamydia cases
Oklahoma Chlamydia Cases
  • In 2010, a total of 14,302 cases were reported.
    • In 1988, there were only 2,714
    • In 2010, Chlamydia accounted for 76% of all reported STDs.
    • Incidence rate of 381.2 per 100,000 in 2010
  • The rate of Chlamydia among females was 2.5 times higher than males
    • Females: 552.1 per 100,000 (72% of cases)
    • Males: 219.4 per 100,000
oklahoma chlamydia cases1
Oklahoma Chlamydia Cases
  • By Age Group
    • Highest Rates
      • 15-19: 1,936.6 per 100,000
      • 20-24: 2,031.8 per 100,000
    • Highest Percent Increase
      • 45-49: 19.6% increase from 2009 (23.6 per 100,000)
  • By Race/Ethnicity
    • Black: 1,594.5 per 100,000
    • White: 249.9 per 100,000
    • American Indian/Alaska Native: 499.6 per 100,00
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 227.5 per 100,000
    • Hispanic: 415.1 per 100,000
oklahoma chlamydia cases2
Oklahoma Chlamydia Cases
  • By County
    • Oklahoma: 483.9 per 100,000
    • Tulsa: 521.4 per 100,000
    • Comanche: 963.8 per 100,000
  • Comanche county showed an 15.9% increase, while Oklahoma and Tulsa counties showed a decrease from 2009
oklahoma gonorrhea cases
Oklahoma Gonorrhea Cases
  • In 2010, a total of 4,369 cases were report
    • In 1943, the beginning of Gonorrhea Surveillance, there were only 4,715.
    • Women made up the majority of cases in the United States and Oklahoma since 2002.
    • In 2010, Blacks in Oklahoma had the highest rate of gonorrhea (882 per 100,000).
oklahoma gonorrhea cases1
Oklahoma Gonorrhea Cases
  • By Gender
    • Males: Made up 43% of Oklahoma cases
    • Females: Made up 57% of Oklahoma cases
  • By Race/Ethnicity
    • Black: 882 per 100,000
    • American Indian/Alaska Native: 102 per 100,000
    • White: 47 per 100,000
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 29 per 100,000
    • Hispanic: 59 per 100,000
gonorrhea cases by county
Gonorrhea Cases By County
  • By Number of Cases
    • Oklahoma County
      • 1,460 cases ( 33.4%)
      • Decreased by 15.9%
    • Tulsa County
      • 1,329 (30.4%)
      • Decreased by 9.7%
    • Comanche County
      • 310 (7.1%)
      • Increased rate of 35%
  • By Case Rate
    • Comanche County
      • 249.8 per 100,000
    • Tulsa County
      • 220.3 per 100,000
    • Okmulgee County
      • 217.1 per 100,000
      • Okmulgee County had a rate increase of 77.9% (from 122 per 100,000 in 2009).
early syphilis in oklahoma
Early Syphilis in Oklahoma
  • Early Syphilis includes primary, secondary, and early latent syphilis
  • In 2012, 232 cases of early Syphilis in Oklahoma
    • Incidence rate of 6.2 per 100,000
    • State rate decreased from 2009 (from 7.0 to 6.2 per 100,000)
      • Nationally the rate has increased annually over the past ten years.
        • Primarily among men (from 3.0 cases in 2001 to 7.8 cases in 2009).
early syphilis in oklahoma1
Early Syphilis in Oklahoma
  • By Gender
    • 74% of cases were male
    • The rate of total cases has decreased since 2009, but the male rate has increased from 3 to 7.8
  • By Age Group
    • Ages 20-24 had a rate of 16.3 per 100,000
    • Ages 25-29 had a rate of 16.6 per 100,000
early syphilis in oklahoma2
Early Syphilis in Oklahoma
  • By Race/Ethnicity
    • Black: Highest rate at 31.3 per 100,000
      • 7 times higher than Whites
    • White: 4.4 per 100,000
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 7.2 per 100,000
      • 1.6 times higher than Whites
    • Hispanic: 6.6 per 100,000
      • 34.8% decrease from 2009
early syphilis in oklahoma3
Early Syphilis in Oklahoma
  • By County
    • Oklahoma
      • Most cases and highest rate (14.6 per 100,000)
    • McCurtain
      • Second highest rate (12.1 per 100,000)
    • Tulsa
      • Third highest rate (9.9 per 100,000)
  • Early Syphilis in Oklahoma county decreased by 11.2%