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Regional Connectivity & Thailand’s Investment Plans. Dr. Porametee Vimolsiri Deputy Secretary-General National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). Tuesday 13 th November 2012, 10.30 AM At St. Regis Bangkok. Agenda. 2. 1. Regional Connectivity and Sub-regional Cooperation.

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slide1

Regional Connectivity &Thailand’s Investment Plans

Dr. Porametee Vimolsiri

Deputy Secretary-General

National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB)

Tuesday 13th November 2012, 10.30 AM

At St. Regis Bangkok

slide2

Agenda

2

1

Regional Connectivity and Sub-regional Cooperation

Thailand’s Investment Plans

slide3

Regional Connectivity and Sub-Regions

Physical

Institutional

People to People

Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity

  • Connect economically and socially to mutually benefit from regional cooperation
  • Ensure trust with neighbors
  • Narrow development gap
  • Provide development support in form of equitable development partnerships.
  • Major Projects :
  • ASEAN & National Single Window
  • ASEAN Highway
  • SKRL
  • Road and Railway linking Dawei
  • Information superhighways
  • ASEAN Power Grid
slide4

ASEAN Community: Prospective Advantages from Economic Partnership

  • Geographically, Thailand is in the center of ASEAN, its location is closeto most ASEAN member countries.
  • In recent years, ASEAN economic importance for Thailand in terms of trade, investment and tourism,has been increasing.
  • Trade Liberalization among the member countries of ASEAN, makes ASEAN No.1 export market for Thailand since 2002, and Thailand’s second largest import market since 1997 (only second to Japan). Thailand has had a trade surplus with ASEAN since 1993.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) from ASEAN is accounted for 20 percent of total FDI
  • Number of ASEAN tourists traveling to Thailand is accounted for 30 percent of total foreign tourists (Malaysian tourist is the highest).

Shared resources/ trade partnership leads to cost reduction.

economic corridor and special economic zone development
Economic Corridor and Special Economic Zone Development

Myanmar

PR China

Kunming

Nanning

Lao PDR

Vietnam

Chiang

Saen

Huaysai

Tachilek

Mae Sai

Chiang

Khong

Yangon/Thilawa SEZ

ChiangRai

Vientiane

Hue

(World

Heritage)

Nong Khai

Lao Bao

SEZ

Tak

Savanh-Seno

SEZ

Dansavanh

Mukdahan

UdonThani

W

E

KhonKaen

Mawlamyine

Dongha

(tourism)

Danang

(Deep

Seaport )

Nakornsawan

Mekong River

ICD Ladkrabang

Bangkok

Open to Western Markets

Aranyaprathet

Kanchanaburi

Poipet

Phnom Penh

ESB

(Deep Seaport)

Southern

EconomicCorridor

Ho Chi Minh

City

DaweiSEZ (Deep Seaport)

Vungtau

(Deep

Seaport)

Trat

KohKong

Mekong River

Cambodia

Thailand

Sadao

Kota Berdana

Kota Putra

Malaysia

slide6

Key Infrastructure Development connecting to neighboring countries

Regional Connectivity Situation

Political-Security Community

Trilateral Exchange in Traffic Right between Thailand – Laos PDR – China and 4th Mekong River Crossover Bridge

ASEAN

Economic Community

Socio-Cultural Community

Border Economy Development

  • Thai – Laos – China High-speed Train
  • Train connecting sub-regionSingapore - Kunming

Deep Sea Port and Dawei Industrial EstateDevelopment

Hat Yai – Sadao Motorway

slide7

Thailand’s Opportunities for Industrial Production Base Expansion

“Effective Link for ASEAN Connectivity”

  • The linkage will be an effective link within the region corresponding to "ASEAN Connectivity"
  • Power up investment opportunities along GMS Southern Economic Corridor
  • Build up a strong connection between ASEAN countries.

New “Logistics Short Cut” of the Region

  • Distance to India from Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia through Dawei port could be shorten to 3,500, 2,500 and 3,000 km. reduce from distance through the Strait of Malacca: 4,200, 4,500 and 4,200 km.

Dawei

132 km

“Distribution Center & Production Base”

300 km

  • The linkage will profit traders both from Myanmar and Thailand;
  • Because of the link to ASEAN highway system, Dawei could emerge as a trading hub linking Southeast Asia with the Indian Ocean, the Middle East, Europe and Africa, spurring growth in ASEAN region.
  • The linkage will attract rising FDI flow into the region and create the most complementary production bases in the region.

Source: * DHL Interview in The Nation March 5, 2012, **UNESCAP report

Source: Italian-Thai Development LtD and Siam Commercial Bank

slide8

Myanmar-Thailand Joint Mechanism

Priority Projects

Road

Railway

Port

Industrial Estate

Power Plant

Water Works & Waste Water System

Telecom

quality of life & community relocation

slide9

Agenda

2

1

Regional Connectivity and Sub-regional Cooperation

Thailand’s Investment Plans

slide10

Thailand’s Regional Perspective

Trade & Investment

Openness

Strategic Location

Enhanced Connectivity & Efficient Logistics

Competitive Economy

Vision: Building Economic Partnership within the Region

  • (GMS, IMT-GT,
  • ACMECS,
  • BIMSTEC)

1

  • (ASEAN)
  • Asia Pacific
  • ASEAN+3
  • ASEAN+6 APEC

2

3

Goal:

Strengthening role of Thailand in regional trade and investment

Increasing cross border trade and investment from Thailand to neighboring countries up to 15% (Trade) and 10% (Investment) per year

Creating supply chain linkages with the region

Decreasing domestic and international transaction cost and improve its standard

Strategy:

To promote Transport and Logistics linkages at subregional level

To create Investment and production bases

To prepare for ASEAN Community

To build economic partnership within the region in HRD and labor movement

To Jointly cooperate on preventing of drugs protection, communicable diseases control, terrorism and natural disasters.

To promote environmental friendly cooperation activities

slide11

Physical-Connectivity Development in Thailand

Economic Restructuring

Regional Connectivity

  • Balancing economic structure for quality and sustainable growth

Cooperating with countries in the region for economic and social security

  • Infrastructure and logistics system development
  • Modernization of information technology and Communications
  • Economic legal and regulatory reforms
  • Development of water supply provision capacity
  • Energy securitization
  • Develop the network of transportation and logistics
  • systems under different
  • regional frameworks
  • Create standards of service and facilities at the borders
  • Integrate area-based development plan with neighboring countries
slide12

Infrastructure Development Target

  • Shift the Rank of Thailand’s economic competitiveness to 16th in the IMD ranking
  • Rank among the world’s top ten countries for the ease of doing business
  • Reduce logistics costs to be lower than 15% of GDP
  • Increase the proportion of the Rail transport to 5%
  • Increase the proportion of the renewable and the alternative energy consumption to the final energy consumption to be at least 19%
  • Reduce energy import by at least 3%
  • Interconnect regional supply chains that can facilitate economic development over a period of time
  • Increase in Thailand’s cross-border trade and direct investment with neighboring countries to reach 15 percent and 10 percent per annual respectively
slide13

Financing for Reconstruction and Future Development Plan

Infrastructure Sector Development’s Financing

Total 72.064 Billion USD

Development’s Financing Source

More private participation & involvement

To upgrade administration of government projects and to stimulate the use of a more innovative private sector’s technology.

slide14

Infrastructure Development

Transport

Energy

Telecom

Border Town Development

Efficiency + Shift Mode + Tackle Impact from Flood

Land Transport Network Development Connecting Main Economic Zones & Cities in the Region and GMS

  • Motorway and highway
  • Linking with EWEC , NSEC, SEC for economic expansion and AEC
  • Railways Development Master Plan 2010-2015 (176,808 mil. baht)
  • Intermodal facility and NSW
  • High speed Train linking GMS (742,000 mil. baht)
  • Develop Mass Transit Networks within the capital perimeter
slide15

Infrastructure Development : Road and Bridge Projects

  • Parts of Economic Corridors in Thailand
  • Expansion of
  • 2-lane to 4 lane highways
  • Maintenance.
  • The 4th Mekong bridge (T-L-PRC)
  • Under Construction, will be completed in 2013
  • Route No. 11 in Lao PDR 82 km.
  • Under construction, will be
  • completed in 2014
  • Western side of EWEC in Myanmar
  • Rehabilitation of 18 km. Road (Myawaddy-Kawkareik)
  • New construction of 28 km. road (Myawaddy-Kawkariek/mountainous area section)
  • Rehabilitation of 1st Mae Sai bridge

Future

  • Poo Doo – Pak Lai route (L)
  • Ban Hwouk – MuangKob (L)
  • Road link new border crossing points at Aranyaprathet (C)
  • Infrastructure linking Dawei (M)
  • - Motorway Bang Yai-Kanchanaburi 97 km. : Details design complete. Searching for fund.
  • - Kanchanaburi-Border 70 km. Preparing for F/S and Detail Design.
slide16

Infrastructure Development : Railway Projects

Proposed GMS Railways Routes

Cost of Construction – R1 (1.09) R2 (5.32) R3 (2.29) R4 (6.28) $billion

  • Nong Khai – Thanalang (Rail) - Completed Construction 6 km.
  • Aranyaprathet – Poipet (Rail) – Missing link 6 km. in Thailand, in process for budget allocation.

MOU on High Speed Rail

SKRL Development

slide17

Infrastructure Development: Airport and Port Projects

Transport

Energy

Telecom

Border Town Development

  • Air Transport :
  • “Suvarnabhumi Airport to become a key airport of the region.”
  • Improve capacity and quality services to handle a volume traffic of 65 million people/year.
  • Utilize information and communication technology to enhance to international standard.
  • Maritime Transport :
  • “LaemChabang port to be one of major ports in ASEAN.”
  • Modernize management of LaemChabang Port
  • Information technology system to be upgraded to “E-Port” with connection with other international ports
slide18

Infrastructure Development : Energy

Transport

Energy

Telecom

Border Town Development

Cooperation with potential neighboring countries

  • A search for new energy sources both domestic and aboard.

Link with Dawei

Energy Security for Thailand

  • Renewable Energy Technology shall be developed.
slide19

Infrastructure Development : Telecommunications

Transport

Energy

Telecom

Border Town Development

  • Telecommunications Infrastructure Development
  • ICT System

High speed internet and broadband network

National Single Window

ICT supporting trade logistics

slide20

Infrastructure Development

Transport

Energy

Telecom

Border Town Development

ChaingKhong

Mae Sai

  • Urban Infrastructure

NakhonPhanom

  • Special Border Economic Zone

Mukdahan

Mae Sot

  • Cross Border Facilities

Kanchanaburi

Aranyaprathet

Potential

Border Town

Urban Utilities

SBEZ

Facilities & CCA

slide23

11th National Economic and Social Development Plan

Summary of 6 Development Strategies

Creation of quality Human capital and Society

  • Creation of Justice in Society (Strategy 1)
  • Creation of Learning Society (Strategy 2)

Economic Restructuring

11th Plan

  • Strengthening of Agriculture sector and food & energy security (Strategy 3)
  • Restructuring of the economy towards quality growth and sustainability (Strategy 4)
  • Regional Connectivity (Strategy 5)

Management ofNatural Resources

  • Preparation for effects of Climate Change and Transfer to low-carbon & environmentally friendly society (Strategy 6)

Good Governanceand implementation of 11th Plan

slide24

Economic Restructuring to Regional Connectivity

Economic Restructuring

Investment to develop STI,

Infrastructure, and Energy security

Restructuringof Trade and Investment Sectors

Creation of Regional Connectivity

  • To create linkages in investment, production and value chains in markets with potential
  • To expand investment abroad
  • To promote SMEs to have quality growth
  • To create enabling environment for economic restructuring
  • To develop infrastructure and logistics system
  • To secure power supply adequately

Subregion

Connectivity/Logistics development

Supply chain development along economic corridors

ASEAN

Asia-Pacific

Preparation for ASEAN Community, esp. human capital

To constructively participate in cooperation frameworks

Strengthening of Agriculture sector and food & energy security

  • To develop national resources as strong production base for agricultural sector
  • To increase production efficiency and to generate additional value for production chain
  • To generate food and energy security and to developrenewable energy
slide25

Total Area : 204sq km

  • Location : Taninthayi District
  • Distance : 132 km from Thai-Myanmar border
  • 202 km from Kanchanaburi
  • 342 Km from Bangkok
  • 472 km from ESB
  • Investment : approximately 9,000 mil. USD(exclude resettlement cost)
  • Concession : 60 years + possible extension
  • Land Lease : Up to 75 years
  • Full Capacity of Dawei Port (in 2037 est. )
    • 200 mil. Ton per year or 14 mil. TEU compared to capacity of LCB port stage II which is 7.7 mil.TEU per year (not include container ports D1, D2, D3)
    • 100,000 DWTcompared to 80,000 of LCB port
    • 25-40 meter-depthcompared to 14-16 meter-depth of LCB port

Overview of the Project

Cooperation

  • 1st MOU signed in 2008
  • Framework Agreement signed in 2010
  • Sign 2nd MOU signed in July 2012
  • Scope of Cooperation is in process.
  • Joint Committee and Master plan on Dawei Development will soon be developed.
slide26

Corridor Development between Dawei Project and Laem Chabang Seaport

2

3

1

Basic Infrastructures Development in Myanmar e.g. Road and Port

Border Development , Trade and Transport Facilitation

Domestic Development: Enhance Current Logistics Infrastructure and Economic area

slide27

Challenges of Infrastructure Development linking Asia and GMS

Sharing of Benefit & Cost

Negative Effects

Cross Border Movement

Private Sector

Financing

  • Urban Vs rural areas
  • Advance Vs less- develop countries
  • Managing of the negative effects of infrastructure
  • management and facilitation of cross border trade and investment
  • Financing of infrastructure investment and maintenance
  • Public-private risk sharing

Some of Key Measures to Overcome the Challenges

  • Transform Transport Corridor to Economic Corridor Development
  • Cross Border Transport Agreement
  • ASEAN Infrastructure Fund
  • Public and Private Partnership (PPP)