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The Civil Rights Movement. 1947-1968. Jackie Robinson breaks the color line in major league baseball. April 1947. To Secure These Rights , the report by the President’s Committee on Civil Rights is released. The committee calls for the elimination of segregation. October 29, 1947.

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Presentation Transcript
october 29 1947
To Secure These Rights, the report by the President’s Committee on Civil Rights is released. The committee calls for the elimination of segregation.October 29, 1947
may 17 1954
In Brown v. Board of Education the Supreme Court declares separate facilities “inherently unequal.”May 17, 1954
december 1 1955
Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white person; the action triggers a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, led by Martin Luther King, Jr.December 1, 1955
september 4 1957
On the orders of Arkansas governor Orval Faubus, Arkansas National Guardsmen block 9 black students from entering Central High School.September 4, 1957
1959 1960
Sit-in campaigns by college students in St. Louis, Chicago, Bloomington, ID, and Nashville help to desegregate eating facilities.

Feb. 1, 1960: Woolworth’s lunch counter

april 1960
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is formed in Raleigh, NC.

Ella Baker

Stokely Carmichael

April 1960
may 1962
James Meredith files suit claiming racial discrimination after being denied admission to the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss).May 1962
Birmingham police chief Eugene “Bull” Connor turns police dogs and fire hoses against nonviolent demonstrators.

King composes his Letter from Birmingham City Jail.

june 11 1963 radio and tv address on civil rights
“I hope that every American, regardless of where he lives, will stop and examine his conscience about this and other related incidents. This Nation was founded by men of many nations and backgrounds. It was rounded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.”June 11, 1963: Radio and TV address on Civil Rights
august 28 1963
Over 250,000 Americans gather at the Lincoln Memorial to urge the passage of civil rights legislation and hear MLK, Jr. deliver his “I have a dream speech.” Malcolm X dismisses the march as “the Farce on Washington.”August 28, 1963
freedom summer 1964
SNCC and CORE work to register thousands of black voters.

Three civil rights works Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney are murdered near Philadelphia, Mississippi.

“Freedom Summer” 1964
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which prohibits discrimination in most public accommodations.

MLK, Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

february 21 1965
Malcolm X is assassinated while addressing a rally of his followers in NYC. Three black men are ultimately convicted of his murder.February 21, 1965
march 7 1965
“Bloody Sunday”

600 marchers outside Selma, Alabama are attacked by state troopers with nightsticks and tear gas.

March 7, 1965
august 6 1965
President Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 which outlaws literacy tests and empowers the Justice Department to supervise federal elections in seven southern states.August 6, 1965
sncc 1966

H. Rap Brown

Stokely Carmichael replaces John Lewis as chairman of SNCC.

SNCC votes to exclude whites from membership

SNCC 1966

John Lewis

the kerner commission
The Kerner Commission
  • February 29, 1968
  • Warns that the nation is “moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal”
  • White racism is responsible
  • Jobs, education, housing barriers still remained
  • Police brutality an issue for many
april 4 1968
Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee, precipitating riots in more than 100 cities.April 4, 1968