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AGENCIJA ZA ZAŠTITU OKOLIŠA. CROATIAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY. CROATIAN S OIL I NFORMATION S YSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN THE E NVIRONMENT I NFORMATION S YSTEM AMBIENCE Hana Mesić, Head of Environment Monitoring Department Zoran Major, Head of Database Unit Marijo Vranaričić, IT Advisor

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AGENCIJA ZA ZAŠTITU OKOLIŠA

CROATIAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY

CROATIAN SOIL INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN THE

ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM AMBIENCE

Hana Mesić, Head of Environment Monitoring Department

Zoran Major, Head of Database Unit

Marijo Vranaričić, IT Advisor

Andreja Čidić, Project Advisor

ESBN workshop, Zagreb, 28 September 2006

slide2

EIS - Environment Information System

EIS role (as defined in by-law on EIS 74/99)

  • Enable access to environmental information
  • National reporting on environmental issues
  • International reporting on environmental issues

EIS contents

  • Environmental databases
  • Scientific and thematic data
  • Legal framework
  • Environmental reports
  • Environmental policy planning and programs
slide3

EIS

Key elements of EISstructure:

  • Distributed databases

On-line data exchange, links between SQL server (within CEA) and external databases with relevant external institutions (stakeholders)

  • Access authorization with varioussecurity levels
  • GIS technology used for data presentation, querying and analysis

Internet connections

Authorized access

Use of WEB GIS technologies for data presentation and individual spatial data analysis

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Developed databases in CEA

Landfill cadastre

Risk and Potentially Risk Installations Inventory

Environment project database

Environmental emission cadastre; water, air, waste

Air quality database

slide6

Databases under development in CEA

AIR

  • Air quality
  • Climate Change
  • Ozone Layer Protection

BIODIVERSITY

  • Stability, damages and trends in forest ecosystem
  • Database on genetic resources and forest species seed locations
  • Metadata on biodiversity components research and projects in designated area
  • Database on endemic flora and fauna species of Croatia

WATER

  • Adriatic Sea Environmental Master Plan - ASEMP
databases relevant for sis development
Databases relevant for SIS development

EIS - Soil

1. Corine Land Cover

2. Potentially polluted and polluted sites database – GEOL

3. Soil and plant laboratories database

slide8

EIS - Soil / CLC

CLC – Corine Land Cover

  • The CORINE Land Cover 2000 - Croatia (CLC2000) database is an outcome of a LifeIII project launched by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction in 2002
  • CLC 2000-Croatia is a digital database homogenous and consistent with the land cover data in the entire European Union.
  • CLC 2000-Croatia is based on photo interpretation of satellite images made by national team
  • The Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction has decided to appoint the Croatian Environment Agency as National referent institution for the Corine Land Cover
  • Since December 2005, the professionals and general public have access to the CLC on the Agency web site - www.azo.hr
slide9

EIS - Soil / GEOL

Potentially polluted and polluted sites database – GEOL

  • Development of GEOL database is in accordance with requirements of National Environmental Strategy (OG 46/02), and Guidelines for EIONET data collection on contaminated sites
  • GEOL has a purpose to provide information and data about potentially contaminated and contaminated sites, remediation activities, and to provide data received by monitoring of remediate sites
  • Information and data will be available for public at CEA webin near future. Access is secured through special control levels (general public, stakeholders, loading of data, IT service support)
  • Main users- government bodies; especially Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management, public administration and local government, general professional and scientific public.
slide10

EIS - Soil / GEOL

GEOL structure:

  • Sources of contamination (recognized and potential); Municipal and industrial waste landfill, industrial and commercial localities (energy production, oil industry, chemical industry, metal production, electronic production, glass, ceramic and stone production, textile, leather, wood and paper industry, food industry), mining sites and surface excavation (i.e. quarries), former military sites and storages, oil extraction and storage sites, oil spills sites, power plants, mining sites, storage of manure and other pollutant spill sites
  • Pollutant register: phenols, heavy metals, chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHC), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), cyanide, mineral oil, aromatic hydrocarbons (BTEX) etc.
  • Status of recognized contaminated sites: contaminated site management, existence of preliminary study, research, level of implemented remediation, existence of monitoring, and remediation costs (state budget and private)
slide11

EIS - Soil/Soil and Plant Laboratories database

Soil and Plant Laboratories database

  • Developed during November 2004 and January 2005 and regularly updated, in cooperation with Institute for Soil, Osijek
  • Soil and Plant Laboratories database has a purpose to identify and consolidate existing information about laboratories which conduct soil and plant material analysis
  • Database contains list of existing soil and plant laboratories with contact information, employee’s structure, equipment data, samples handling procedures, certification data, conducting analysis, used methodologies, hazardous waste management, etc
  • Soil and Plant Laboratories database is available for general public at

http://baza.azo.hr/projekt_lab/

  • Standard form is also available on line for updates and changes of existing data.
slide12

CROSIS development

Policy Background for CROSIS development

  • National Environmental Strategy, National Environmental Action Plan (OG 82/1994, 74/1999)
  • By–law on Environment Information System (OG 74/99)
  • UN Convention to Combat Desertification (OG-IC 11/2000, 14/2000)

Common tasks; Developing of soil indicators and data flow system for relevant data collection with aim to monitor the driving forces, pressure, state, impact and response as the basis for development of strategies and soil protection programs.

In addition, this tasks are in line with present accession activities whose aim is harmonisation with EU policy.

Present State

  • There is no systematic collection of data at the national territory
  • There is no proscribed forms or standards on national level to assure compatibility of methods and data dissemination
  • Most methodologically uniformed data, but not georeferenced, were obtained by semi-detailed mapping of Croatian territory and production of the Basic Soil Map, scale 1:50.000. Typological, morphological, physical and chemical characteristics of soils are described in about 5.000 soil profiles.
  • Even more soil profiles, not systematized, exist within detailed soil research projects for the specific needs (planning of agro-and/or hydro-amelioration works, erosion researches, fertility control, reclamation and remediation projects, physical planning, etc.), stored in various research and designing institutions.
  • Also, the majority of historical data are not stored on digital media (data are scattered in hardcopy materials), so there is a potential risk of losing information despite availability of some data.
slide13

CROSIS

Competence

Policy development and implementation: Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management

Data collection and CROSIS development: Authority over implementation of activities initiated through project CROSOTER has been delivered to CEA by Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction in 2005. In cooperation with Faculty of Agriculture, CEA started preliminary activities: conciliation of CROSOTER principles with EUSIS, and development of project proposal for CROSISestablishment according to potential financial instruments.

slide14

CROSIS

  • Croatian Soil Information System - CROSIS as a part of Environment Information System of Croatia (EISC) is considered to be one of the most important instruments for creation of sustainable soil and land management practice in agriculture and forestry, as well as placing the environmental protection policies into effect; planning and monitoring the implementation of Soil protection strategy, Soil protection act and other relevant actions.
  • Soil Monitoring System is the base for development of harmonised and coherent Croatian soil information system, compatible with the European soil information system – EUSIS, crucial for policy-makers, other users and international communication. This refers both to the current status and to the indicators of future changes of soil state.
slide15

CROSIS

Short-term planned activities:

1. Development of the program and information structure of CROSIS

2. Building of various layers:

2.1. Polygon information layers – soil map, scale 1:250,000

2.2. Point information layers:

  • Georeferenced soil profile data
  • Georeferenced soil samples data (average and individual)
  • Georeferenced soil pollution data
  • Georeferenced soil damage data
  • Georeferenced soil degradation data

3. Nomination of Reference Centre, responsible for CROSIS maintenance and further

development, data collection and dissemination

slide16

CROSIS/Soil Monitoring

Development of the Croatian Soil Monitoring Programme (SMP) with the pilot project LIFE05/TCY/CRO/000105

  • CEA, with EC financial support started SMP as the base for development ofSoil Monitoring System which will provide harmonized methods and standards for soil sampling, analysis, display and dissemination of data and assure data compatibility at national and EU level
  • Soil Monitoring Programme will be tested by the Pilot project with aim to provide information on feasibility, and to remove and/or improve eventual wrong approach and steps in implementation of soil monitoring in Croatia
slide17

Conclusions

Conclusion

  • Operationally and technically speaking, all institutions and experts are in place. From this side, there is no obstacles to develop proper and internationally compatible Soil information system.
  • Mentioned activities preformed so far can be grade as valuable and focused in good direction. BUT without political back-up; legislation in place and proscribed duties and responsibilities, those activities can not be finished.
  • Future destiny of Croatian Soil Information System in that term should be followed and supported by Government in very near future, to assure data flow and data management system supported by financial and institutional framework.
slide18
Thank you for attention!

…with hope to have presentation on legally supported progress on

Croatian Soil Information System development

for another workshop..

CROATIAN ENVIRONMENT AGENCY