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Budgetary process in Azerbaijan. Gubad Ibadoglu NGO Alliance « Call for Health ». Bucharest September 17-18, 2008. Growth Dynamics of Budget Allocations for Health ( mln . man .). ?. ?. 450. 385,8. 400. 350. 300. 257,2. 250. 200. 162,0. 150. 115,3. 100. 73,5. 55,3. 40,9.

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Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Budgetary process in Azerbaijan

Gubad Ibadoglu

NGO Alliance«Call for Health»

BucharestSeptember 17-18, 2008


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Growth Dynamics of Budget Allocations for Health (mln.man.)

?

?

450

385,8

400

350

300

257,2

250

200

162,0

150

115,3

100

73,5

55,3

40,9

42,0

44,8

50

0

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

(prog)


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Share of Health Expenditure in Total Budget Expenditure ( %)

?

?

?

S

?

?

?

8

7

6

5

5,4

5,4

5,2

4,9

4,8

4,8

4

4,3

4,2

3,5

3

2

1

0

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

(prog)


State programs in the health sector funded from the state budget in 2007 2008
State Programs in the Health SectorFunded from the State Budgetin 2007-2008


Health funding in azerbaijan current situation
Health Funding in Azerbaijan: Current Situation

Hospitals

61%

Centralized spending- 5%

Per capita 4 $

Government share in expenses

25%

Preventative

Care 25%

Local spending

Per capita16$

Medicaments etc. 14%

Formal and undocumented private expenses75%

Private spending-

Per capita96 $

Hospitals

45%

Preventative

Care 15%

Medicaments etc.40%

Source: World Bank Review – Health Sector in Azerbaijan


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

What is the budgetary process?

  • Budgetary process – is a regulated by legislature activity of state organs on preparation, consideration, approval and performance of state budget.

    Its content is defined with country’s state and budget structure, as well as, concerned organs and persons’ budget rights.


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Stages of budgetary process

  • Preparation of project budget

  • Review and approval of project budget

  • Budget performance

  • Preparation and approval of the report on budget performance


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Regulation of budgetary process

  • When starts budgetary process and its separate stages

  • How long a stage continues and when it finishes

  • Who are the participants of each stage

  • Rights and duties of participants


Budget cycle
Budget cycle

Budget year

Next year

Current year

Ы ЫЫ ЫЫЫ ЫВ В ВЫ ВЫЫ ВЫЫЫ ЫХХ ХЫ ХЫЫ

Ы ЫЫ ЫЫЫ ЫВ В ВЫ ВЫЫ ВЫЫЫ ЫХ Х ХЫ ХЫЫ

Ы ЫЫ ЫЫЫ ЫВ В ВЫ ВЫЫ ВЫЫЫ

Discussion and

Approval of

Project

budget

Preparation of project budget

For next year.

Budget performance

Performance report

Budget performance of

current year

Report of previous year

Discussion

And

approval

Preparation of project budget

For next year

Budget performance of current year

Report of budget performance of previous year

Preparation of project budget

For next year


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Budget rules are not enough to provide expected results…

Gaps in budgetary process

  • gaps and contradictions in current budget legislature and in standard-legal basis of budgetary process (“gap in law”);

  • lack of efficient proceeding of budget resource allocation;

  • maintenance of all budgetary process stages with law-breaking

  • low level of administrative and legal liability of officials and MPs

  • lack of efficient state and public controlling mechanisms in developing and using process of budget resources;

  • Lack of transparency and development of public participation and etc. in budget decision-making process.


Budget rules are not enough to provide expected results
Budget rules are not enough to provide expected results…

Full preparation of the budget and budget control and managing rules

+

Stimulating factors for its continuation

=

Expected budget indicators


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Respectable controlling institutions

  • Legislative power

  • Citizen society

  • Chamber of Accounts

  • Mass Media

  • Court


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Budget information that must be open to public

  • Initial budget report

  • 3 year prognosis of incomes and expenses

  • Prognosis of perspective indicators

  • Allocated financial amounts (in detail)

  • Reports made in a year (quarterly)

  • Year-end report (including information concerning budget performance)

  • Opinions of Chamber of Accounts

  • State debt

  • And etc.


Health sector information inaccessible to public
Health Sector Information Inaccessible to Public

1. What funds and resources are available to State authorities; what are ways of spending these resources?

5. How and what regulatory authority are State authorities accountable to?

Public law

Information acquisition, public control implementation, opportunity for facts-based and advocacy activities

2. How effectively are funds used?

3. How well and to what extent do State authorities fulfill their obligations?

4. What activities addressing ineffective use (disbursement) of funds are needed?


Ways to obtain information
Ways to obtain information

  • Access to preliminary and final (annual) reportson the extent of the implementation of the Programs;

  • Dispatch of questionnaires;

  • «In-depth» interviews;

  • Discussions in focus groups;

  • Open-ended surveysin focus groups;

  • Surveys among experts;

  • Questionnaires;

  • Analysis of interviews of persons responsible for the implementation of the Program;

  • Observations anddiscussions with various community groups (doctors, patients, etc.)


State programs monitoring target model
State Programs Monitoring Target Model

Human Resources

Equipment

Problem

Problem solution

Process

Environment

Materials

Technology

Monitoring and Assessment


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

The International Budget Project

Open Budget Initiative for 2006

Azerbaijan is in the 45th place among the 52 countries


Analyses expertise advocacies

National Budget Group (www.nbg.az) NBG is an NGO alliance established on February 22, 2006. NBG is specialized mainly in budget and finance issues, and in 2006 had different projects for monitoring and tracking different budget expenses, trainings and seminars for NGO

and Mass Media Groups.

NGO Alliance «Call for Health» (www.healthalliance.az ) was established on May 7, 2007 by a specialized NGO group. Currently

the Alliance is made up of 22 NGOs,famous in Azerbaijan in the field of research and healthcare advocacy.

NBG’s mission is Transforming Initiatives on Effective and Transparent Usage of the Budget into Public Interest

Analyses, Expertise, Advocacies

NGO Alliance «Call for Health» Mission is reinforcement of effectiveness of the public health system of Azerbaijan with the participation of civil society


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Others stakeholders

Network Trancparency Budget

NGO & Mass Media

Education

Health

Regions

NBG

Social Protection

Bank of experts

Investment

Innovation

NBG, other NGO, journalists, experts

Institutional

Project

Program project

Publication

Budget analyses and expertise

Data bank

Capacity Building

PR & Mass media

Cooperation with international organizations

Coordination of region projects

Popularization of budget problems

External relation

Public hearings

Fundraiser

Advocacy



Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Targets Budgetary process in Azerbaijan

  • Presidential candidates

  • International Financial Agencies

  • Parliamentarians

  • NGOs

  • Ordinary people


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Goals Budgetary process in Azerbaijan

  • Popularizing of the NBG

  • Inclusion of budget problems into election campaigns

  • Closer cooperation with members of parliament

  • Popularizing of problems

  • To draw public attention


Bucharest september 17 18 2008

Events Budgetary process in Azerbaijan

  • Preparation of opinions

  • Publicizing opinions

  • Meetings with candidates

  • Simple articles and calendars

  • Spread of opinions and researches among interest and impact groups

  • Discussion of problems and recommendations

  • Radio and TV speeches

  • Public hearings


End of presentation
End of presentation Budgetary process in Azerbaijan

Baku, Azerbaijan AZ1065JaffarJabbarli 44 Str, CaspianPlaza 3, 9th floorPhone: (+99412) 437 32 30Fax: (+99412) 437 32 40web-site: www.erc-az.orge-mail: office@erc-az.org,erc-az@azeurotel.com

Thank you very much!