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A) B) C) D). Constructing Objective Test Items: Multiple-Choice Forms. Linn and Gronlund Chap 8. Lee University was founded in the year: 1896 1916 1918 d) 1919. Stem. Answer. Distracters Decoys Foils. Alternatives Choices Options. Using MC to measure Knowledge.

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a b c d


Constructing Objective Test Items: Multiple-Choice Forms

Linn and Gronlund Chap 8

Lee University was founded in the year:
    • 1896
    • 1916
    • 1918
  • d) 1919









using mc to measure knowledge
Using MC to measure Knowledge
  • Knowledge of terminology
  • Knowledge of specific facts
  • Knowledge of principles
  • Knowledge of methods and procedures
using mc to measure understanding and application
Using MC to measure Understanding and Application
  • Ability to identify application of facts
  • Ability to interpret cause and effect relationships
  • Ability to justify methods and procedures
pluses and minuses
Pluses and Minuses
  • Advantages
    • One can’t get credit for knowing that something is wrong
    • Higher reliability
    • Homogenous material isn’t necessary
  • Disadvantages
    • It’s hard to diagnose shortcomings
    • It’s limited by verbal ability
    • Doesn’t do problem solving skills
    • Can you find enough distracters?
12 suggestions from linn and gronlund
12 Suggestions from Linn and Gronlund
  • The stem should be meaningful and present a problem
  • The stem should be concise and poignant
  • Try not to use a negative stem
  • Alternative answers should be grammatically consistent
  • Make sure there is only 1 clear answer
  • Don’t make the stem too long…
the 12 cont
The 12 cont…
  • The distracters should be plausible
  • Don’t give it away in the stem
  • Keep lengths of alternatives consistent within the question
  • How many a’s, b’s, c’s, d’s?
  • None of the above, all of the above
  • Don’t force your material into multiple-choice
knowledge of terminology
Knowledge of Terminology
  • Which of the following best describes validity?
  • Veracity
  • Anxiety
  • Truth
  • d) Reliability


knowledge of specific facts
Knowledge of Specific Facts
  • What was the first man-made object to orbit earth?
  • Sputnik
  • Mutnik
  • Vladyvostok
  • d) Mercury I


knowledge of principles
Knowledge of Principles
  • A body at rest will remain at rest until acted upon by
  • Itself
  • By an outside force
  • The scientist
  • d) Inertia


knowledge of methods and procedures
Knowledge of Methods and Procedures
  • Before a bill can be sent to a conference committee, it first must be:
  • Passed by the House
  • Passed by the Senate
  • Passed by both the House and the Senate
  • d) Vetoed by the President


applying facts and principles
Applying Facts and Principles
  • When supply is higher than demand:
  • Prices rise
  • Workers must work harder
  • Prices decline
  • d) Wages stagnate temporarily


interpreting cause and effect
Interpreting Cause and Effect…
  • Putting a glass of water outside on a cold night in January
  • Makes the water freeze
  • Makes the water condensate
  • Makes the water evaporate
  • d) Makes the water molecules vibrate


justifying methods and procedures
Justifying Methods and Procedures
  • One makes an outline before making notecards because:
  • The outline is more important
  • The outline dictates the topics on the notecards
  • Notecards are the final step in the research paper
  • d) APA style and MLA style dictate such