16 PERSONALITY TEST(16 PF) Norberto Orozco Portales III IV – 21 BSE Values Education
DESCRIPTION OF THE TEST • First commercial publication of the 1949 after ten years of empirical, factor-analytical research • Within the context of a general theory of personality • An objectively scorable test devised by basic research in psychology to give most complete coverage of personality possible in a brief time • Each test item corresponds to only one factor. Moreover, the experimentally obtained correlations among the 16 scales are generally quite small so that each scale provides some new piece of information about the person being tested.
DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION of the TEST • Arrangement of the test or questions: ten to thirteen items are provided for each scale in Form A and Form B. In form C and D, there are eight for the Factor B scale, seven items for the motivational distortion scale, and six items for each of the remaining by a plan to give maximum convenience in scoring by stencil and to insure variety and interest for the examinee. • Form A, B, C & D – 3 choices • Form E & F – 2 choice appears better
TEST ADMINSITRATION • It can be self administered because the instructions in the cover page of the test booklet is simple and clear. • Test user should establish harmonious relationship with the examinee. Detailed Instruction: • Use a separate (sheet) answer sheet. • Tell the examinee whether to tear off the back of the test booklet as answer sheet or to use separate answer sheet.
TEST ADMINSITRATION Detailed Instruction: • Have him or her enter his name, etc. at the top of the answer sheet; to read the instructions carefully, and work out the four examples. • Read the instructions aloud with the client, or discuss certain points when deem necessary. • Give the examinees about 5minutes for reading the directions and working the examples. Then say, turn the page and begin. • In group test, you may interrupt the examinees after about ten minutes by saying, most people are now doing question.
TEST ADMINSITRATION Detailed Instruction: • Look around and correct early and improper ways of indicating answers that might later cause difficulty in scoring, check if the names have been filled in before collecting answer sheets, and that there is only one answer given for every question on the test.
STANDARDIZATION • Items in these final forms are the survivors from several thousands of items originally tried, and constitute only those which continue to have significant validity against the factors. • CONSTRUCT VALIDITY Focuses on the extent to which the test scores correctly measure the underlying traits they were develop to measure. • CRITERION RELATED VALIDITY External outcomes