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Introduction to Public Speaking. Definition of Public Speaking. Public speaking is speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. . Source. The sender or originator of the message. Message.

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Introduction to Public Speaking


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Introduction to Public Speaking

    2. Definition of Public Speaking • Public speaking is speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners.

    3. Source • The sender or originator of the message

    4. Message • The content or signal that the source/ sender gives to the receiver.

    5. Receiver • The listener or audience that interprets the message.

    6. Channel • The sense (eyes, ears, nose, mouth, body) used to send a message. More than one sense can be used to send a message.

    7. Context • The time, setting, or situation in which communication occurs.

    8. Noise • Anything audible that gets in the way of the message.

    9. Feedback • The reactions of the listener to the source. Listeners give feedback through comments, facial expressions, and body movements.

    10. Supporting Materials • The materials used to support a speaker's ideas. • The three major kinds of supporting materials are: examples, statistics, and testimony.

    11. Volume • The loudness or softness of the speaker's voice

    12. Projection • Making your voice loud enough that the person in the back of the room can hear you.

    13. Rate • The speed at which you speak

    14. Vocal Variety/Inflection • Changes in a speaker's rate, pitch, and volume that give the voice variety and expressiveness

    15. Monotone • Talking with the same voice (opposite of vocal variety/ inflection)

    16. Articulation • How clearly you speak

    17. Pauses • A temporary stop or rest

    18. Filler Words • Distracting words that fill pauses in speaking • Examples include: Um, uh, and like

    19. Facial Expressions • One or more motions or positions of the muscles in the skin • These movements show the emotional state of the individual to observers. • A form of nonverbal communication

    20. Eye Contact • Looking people in the eye • A form of nonverbal communication

    21. Gestures • Motions of a speaker's hands or arms during a speech

    22. Nonverbal Communication • Communication based on a person's use of voice and body, rather than on the use of words

    23. Impromptu • A speech done without preparing beforehand

    24. Stage Fright • Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience