Introduction to Public Speaking. Definition of Public Speaking. Public speaking is speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. . Source. The sender or originator of the message. Message.
Definition of Public Speaking • Public speaking is speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners.
Source • The sender or originator of the message
Message • The content or signal that the source/ sender gives to the receiver.
Receiver • The listener or audience that interprets the message.
Channel • The sense (eyes, ears, nose, mouth, body) used to send a message. More than one sense can be used to send a message.
Context • The time, setting, or situation in which communication occurs.
Noise • Anything audible that gets in the way of the message.
Feedback • The reactions of the listener to the source. Listeners give feedback through comments, facial expressions, and body movements.
Supporting Materials • The materials used to support a speaker's ideas. • The three major kinds of supporting materials are: examples, statistics, and testimony.
Volume • The loudness or softness of the speaker's voice
Projection • Making your voice loud enough that the person in the back of the room can hear you.
Rate • The speed at which you speak
Vocal Variety/Inflection • Changes in a speaker's rate, pitch, and volume that give the voice variety and expressiveness
Monotone • Talking with the same voice (opposite of vocal variety/ inflection)
Articulation • How clearly you speak
Pauses • A temporary stop or rest
Filler Words • Distracting words that fill pauses in speaking • Examples include: Um, uh, and like
Facial Expressions • One or more motions or positions of the muscles in the skin • These movements show the emotional state of the individual to observers. • A form of nonverbal communication
Eye Contact • Looking people in the eye • A form of nonverbal communication
Gestures • Motions of a speaker's hands or arms during a speech
Nonverbal Communication • Communication based on a person's use of voice and body, rather than on the use of words
Impromptu • A speech done without preparing beforehand
Stage Fright • Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience