extremely fine grained observations of atmospheric gasses n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Extremely Fine-Grained Observations of Atmospheric Gasses PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Extremely Fine-Grained Observations of Atmospheric Gasses

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8
mona-ortiz

Extremely Fine-Grained Observations of Atmospheric Gasses - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

54 Views
Download Presentation
Extremely Fine-Grained Observations of Atmospheric Gasses
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Extremely Fine-Grained Observations of Atmospheric Gasses Water vapor measurements from the VCSEL hygrometer Garnet Abrams October 7, 2011

  2. Outline • Project, affiliations, and motivations • Instrumentation • Water vapor-climate science and feedbacks • Sampling - flight paths and patterns • Preliminary Results

  3. Acronyms • National Science Foundation and National Center for Atmospheric Research funded operation • HIPPO – Highly Instrumented Aerial Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER) Pole-to-Pole Observations • A series of 5 pole-to-pole flights (N. Pole to S. Pole and back) • Capture each season – January (1), November (II), March-April (III), June (IV), August-September (V), • Instruments on board • Multiple Enclosure Devise for Unfractioned Sampling of Air | MEDUSA • O2, CO2, Ar/N2, 13CO2, C18O16O • Whole Air Sampler | WAS • CFCs, HCFCs, HFCs, Solvents, Methyl Halides, Organic Nitrates, Non-Methane Hydrocarbons, Perflourocarbons; See the comprehensive list of chemical species • Quantum Cascade Laser System | QCLS • CO2, CO, CH4, N2O

  4. Instrument – VCSEL Hygrometer • Operates at 1854 nm • 25 Hz readings • Temperature and pressure probes • Beam makes 25 passes, heaters beneath mirrors • Sits outside the boundary layer of the plane • The only in-situ water vapor instrument on the flight

  5. Water Vapor in the Atmosphere • Water vapor has 4 times the radiative forcing of CO2, however considered a feedback, not anthropogenic source • The warmer the atmosphere, the more water if can hold . . . • Clouds, depending upon their height, color, and time of day can insulate and absorb or reflect solar energy • Clouds pose difficulty for modelers • Water vapor is sticky, making it difficult to measure CLOUDS? http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/warmer_humidity.html

  6. Research Flights

  7. Preliminary Results • Temporal differences just between the beginning and end of June. • Lack of profiling in Southern Pacific on return flight • Sampling avoids extreme convection

  8. Special Thanks • I would like to extend a special thanks to Professor Mark Zondlo, MinghuiDiao, and the Atmospheric Chemistry Lab • GV crew and NCAR researchers