Perspective means an outlook, or a point of view . This can be figurative, like “ taking a global perspective ”…. David Hockney Woldgate Wood, 2006. or literal, like a bird ’ s eye view (looking from a high perspective, or directly down as in this image).
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David HockneyWoldgate Wood, 2006
Linear perspective is a technique that artists and designers use to show dimension and a “realistic”or believable view of space. The bird’s eye and worm’s eye views are examples of this.
Linear perspective uses one to three “vanishing points” and (sometimes) a horizon line to create a spatial illusion.
Photo by Louise LeBourgeois.
In class we explored 1-point and 2-point perspective, with a nod to 3-point perspective as well. These all go under the category of linear perspective, which is what we call any technique using straight lines that recede to “vanishing points” to give a feeling of depth.
World’s Fair Building
photograph, Chicago, 1893
The Annunciation, 1400s
This era of artmaking in Europe gave rise to many standardized techniques including linear perspective. You can probably tell that this image uses one point perspective. Guess where the vanishing point is…
M.C. Escher made these famously puzzling images in the 1950s.
Photography has certainly shown that linear perspective is accurate, but other cultures use traditional techniques that are equally good.
Painting: All Hands on DeckRabindra K.D.Kaur Singh, 1997