Higher order derivatives

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## Higher order derivatives

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**Objective:**To be able to find higher order derivatives and use them to find velocity and acceleration of objects. TS: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions.**Well these are the same notations for higher power**derivatives! Any guesses on what each means?**And to find them you just take the derivative again...and**again…if necessary! For example to get from f’’(x) to f’’’(x) you just take the derivative of f’’(x). And to get from f’(x) to f(4)(x) you would just take the derivative of f’(x) three times.**Example A**Find the second derivative of f(x) = x4 – 2x3**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**Velocity is the rate of change of position with respect to time. Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity with respect to time.**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**Warning: Professional driver, do not attempt! When you’re driving your car…**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**squeeeeek! …and you jam on the brakes…**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**…and you feel the car slowing down…**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**…what you are really feeling…**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**…is actually acceleration.**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**I felt that acceleration.**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**Example D: A crab is crawling along the edge of your desk. Its location (in feet) at time t (in seconds) is given by P (t ) = t 2 + t. A) Where is the crab after 2 seconds? B) How fast is it moving at that instant (2 seconds)?**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A crab is crawling along the edge of your desk. Its location (in feet) at time t (in seconds) is given by P (t ) = t 2 + t. A) Where is the crab after 2 seconds? feet**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A crab is crawling along the edge of your desk. Its location (in feet) at time t (in seconds) is given by P (t ) = t 2 + t. B) How fast is it moving at that instant (2 seconds)? Velocity is the rate of change of position. Velocity function feet per second**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**Example E: A disgruntled calculus student hurls his calculus book in the air.**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**The position of the calculus book: t is in seconds and p(t) is in feet A) What is the maximum height attained by the book? B) At what time does the book hit the ground? C) How fast is the book moving when it hits the ground?**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A) What is the maximum height attained by the book? The book attains its maximum height when its velocity is 0. seconds Velocity function feet**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**B) At what time does the book hit the ground? The book hits the ground when its position is 0. sec. sec.**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**C) How fast is the book moving when it hits the ground? This is incorrect. Good guess: 0 ft/sec ft/sec Downward direction**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**Acceleration: the rate of change of velocity with respect to time. Velocity function Acceleration function ft/sec2 How is the acceleration function related to the position function? Acceleration is the second derivative of position.**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**Example F: A red sports car is traveling, and its position P (in miles) at time t (in hours) is given by P (t ) = t2 – 7t. A) When is the car 30 miles from where it started? B) What is the velocity at the very moment the car is 30 miles away? C) What is the acceleration at the very moment the car is 30 miles away? D) When does the car stop?**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A red sports car is traveling, and its position P (in miles) at time t (in hours) is given by P (t ) = t2 – 7t. A) When is the car 30 miles from where it started? hours**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A red sports car is traveling, and its position P (in miles) at time t (in hours) is given by P (t ) = t2 – 7t. B) What is the velocity at the very moment the car is 30 miles away? Miles per hour**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A red sports car is traveling, and its position P (in miles) at time t (in hours) is given by P (t ) = t2 – 7t. C) What is the acceleration at the very moment the car is 30 miles away? Miles per hour2**Position, Velocity & Acceleration**A red sports car is traveling, and its position P (in miles) at time t (in hours) is given by P (t ) = t2 – 7t. D) When does the car stop? hours**Conclusion**• The height/distance of an object can be given by a position function. • Velocity measures the rate of change of position with respect to time. • The velocity function is found by taking the derivative of the position function.**Conclusion**• In order for an object traveling upward to obtain maximum position, its instantaneous velocity must equal 0. • As an object hits the ground, its velocity is not 0, its height is 0. • Acceleration measures the rate of change of velocity with respect to time. • The acceleration function is found by taking the derivative of the velocity function.